Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias


Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias
Sinhala-shri.png Sinhala is written in a non-Latin script. Sinhala text used in this article is transliterated into the Latin script according to the ISO 15919 standard.

Because of the nature of onomatopoeia, there are many cross-linguistic cognates of onomatopoetic sounds. The following is a list of some conventional examples:

Contents

Human Sounds

Baby crying

Bite

Burp

Fart

Food being eaten

Heart beating

Hushing

Kiss

Laughter

  • In Arabic hà hà hà, hee hee
  • In Batak, kakak
  • In Catalan, hahaha, hehehe
  • In Chinese, Mandarin hā hā 哈哈[zho 4], hē hē 呵呵[zho 5], xī xī 嘻嘻[zho 6]
  • In Czech, ha ha, cha cha [xa xa], chi chi [xi xi]
  • In Danish, ha ha, hi hi, hæ hæ, ho ho, ti hi
  • In Dutch, haha, hihi
  • In English, hahah, heh heh, hohoho, (tee)heehee
  • In Estonian, haha, hahhah, hehe, hehheh, hihi
  • In Finnish, haha, hahhah, hehe, hehheh, hihi, hihhih (girly)
  • In French, hahaha, héhéhé, hihihi, hohoho
  • In German, hahaha, hihihihi
  • In Greek: haha χαχα, hehe χεχε
  • In Hebrew, xà xà xà חָה־חָה־חָה[heb 1]
  • In Hungarian, haha, hehe, hihi
  • In Icelandic, haha, hehe, (tittering or laughter) híhí
  • In Indonesian, hahaha, hehehe
  • In Italian, ah, ah, eh, eh, ih, ih, uh, uh
  • In Japanese, フフ (fu fu)
  • In Korean, hahaha 하하하, kekeke 케케케
  • In Latvian, ha ha
  • In Lithuanian, cha cha
  • In Nepali, ha, ahaha
  • In Polish, hahaha, hihi, hehe, hohoho
  • In Portuguese, hahaha, huahuahua, kakaka
  • In Romanian, ha-ha
  • In Russian, haha хаха, hihi хихи, hèhè хехе
  • In Spanish, jajaja, jejeje
  • In Tagalog, hahaha, hehehe, hihihi
  • In Thai hahaha, ฮ่าๆๆ
  • In Turkish, haha, hehe, hihi (girly), kikir (girly, sarcastic), hoho (sarcastic)
  • In Vietnamese, ha ha, hi hi, hô hô

Scream

Shriek

Sneeze

Snoring

Stuttering

  • In Batak, a-ak
  • In Bengali: থৎমৎ thôtmôt, তৎলানো tôtlano (verb)
  • In Hebrew, gimgum גִּמְגּוּם
  • In Romanian, bâlb-bâlb
  • In Sinhalese, bäk bäk බැක් බැක්
  • In Tagalog, sasasasa
  • In Turkish, kekelemek
  • In Vietnamese, lắp bắp

Throat swallowing

Tooth brushing

Yawning

Animals Sounds

Bee buzzing

Bird singing

Cat meowing

Chicken clucking

  • In Arabic, qur qur قرقر, baq baq baiq بق بق بيق
  • In Batak, kotek-kotek
  • In Czech, kokodák
  • In Danish, kuk kuk, gok gok
  • In Dutch, tok tok tok
  • In English, cluck cluck cluck,"bawk bawk b'gawk"
  • In Finnish, kot kot
  • In French, cot cot cot, cot cot codet
  • In German, gack gack gack
  • In Greek, coco co, clo clo (sitting)
  • In Hebrew, qur qur qur קוּר־קוּר־קוּר[heb 4], bàq bàq bàq בָּק־בָּק־בָּק
  • In Korean, kko kko daek, 꼬꼬댁
  • In Latgalian, kā kā
  • In Polish, ko ko
  • In Romanian, cotcodac
  • In Russian, ko-ko-ko ко-ко-ко,kud-kuda куд-куда
  • In Thai kook kook กุ๊กกุ๊ก
  • In Turkish, gıt-gıt gıdaak
  • In Vietnamese, (cục ta) cục tác

Cow mooing

Crow calling

Dog barking

Dog or wolf howling

Donkey braying

Duck calling

Eagle soaring

  • In Batak, kuliii-kulikuk

Frog croaking

This may differ according to the species of frog common in each language's speech area.

Goose calling

Horse whinnying

Lion roaring

Monkey chatting

  • In English, oo-ooh a-aah
  • In Hebrew, -u-u a-àh אוּ־אוּ אַ־אָה
  • In Japanese, u-ki-u-ki
  • In Thai, jeak jeak เจี้ยกเจี้ยก

Owl hooting

Pig grunting

Rooster crowing

Sheep bleating

Snake hissing

Collisions, Bursts & Strikes

Balloon or bubble bursting

Cannon firing; gunshot; machine gun fire

  • In Albanian, pam; tak
  • In Arabic, bom; bov, tokh طخ
  • In Catalan, buuum, pumba; pam, pum; ratatatatà
  • In Chinese, Mandarin, pēng 砰; ping, pa 乒, 啪; da da da... 嗒嗒嗒[citation needed]
  • In Czech, bum, prásk, ratatata
  • In Danish, bang, bum
  • In Dutch, boem; pang, pauw; ratatata
  • In English, bam, boom, blam, kaboom; bang, pow; rat-at-at-at-at-at, gat-gat-gat-gat
  • In Estonian, põmm, kõmm; pauh, karpauh
  • In Finnish, pum; pam; ra-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta, rä-tä-tä-tä-tä-tä
  • In French, boum; pan
  • In German, bumm, rumms, kawumm; peng, puff, päng; rat-tat-tat-tat
  • In Greek, cabum, bum μπουμ, bam μπαμ; bam, pan, piu-piu (mainly by kids); trrrrrr
  • In Hebrew, bum בּוּם
  • In Hindi, thaa
  • In Hungarian bumm
  • In Icelandic, búmm; bamm
  • In Indonesian, dor,
  • In Italian, bum; bang
  • In Japanese, バーンバーン (bān bān)
  • In Kannada, dum, dhaam
  • In Kazakh, bydyrsch быдырщ
  • In Korean, bbang
  • In Lithuanian, bumpt, bum
  • In Macedonian, bum бум; pau пау; ra ta ta ta ра та та та
  • In Polish, bum-bum; bang-bang, pif-paf and others; tra ta ta ta ta
  • In Portuguese, bam, boom, cabum; ,pum; ratátátá
  • In Romanian, bum; poc
  • In Russian, ba-bakh ба-бах; pif-paf пиф-паф; ta-ta-ta та-та-та
  • In Sinhalese, ḍisum ඩිසුම්; ḍung ඩුං; ḍaka-ḍaka-ḍaka ඩක-ඩක-ඩක
  • In Spanish, pum; bang; praca
  • In Swedish, bom; pang, bang
  • In Tagalog, boom; boogsh
  • In Tamil, dishum
  • In Telugu, dhaam
  • In Thai, tam ตูม; pang ปัง
  • In Turkish, bom; bam, dıkşınyaa (by kids)
  • In Vietnamese, đoàng (louder); pằng (quieter); bùm (usually for cannons)

Crash

Door or floor creaking

Engine back-firing while freewheeling

  • In Batak, put-put-put, doput-doput

Knocking

Strikes

Dull strike

Falling strike

Sharp strike

Wet strike

Machinery

Camera shutter

Car engine revving

  • In Arabic, hunn hunn هن هــن, aan aan آن آن
  • In Batak, "ngong, ngooongngng ..."
  • In Catalan, rum, rumm
  • In Czech, brmmm brmmm
  • In Danish, vrum vrum, brum brum, nøn nøn
  • In Dutch, broem, vroem
  • In English, vroom vroom, broom broom
  • In Finnish, vruum vruum, bruum bruum, prööm prööm (spoken)
  • In French, vroum vroum
  • In German, brumm brumm, wrumm wrumm
  • In Hebrew, aan aan אָאן אָאן
  • In Hungarian, brum brumm
  • In Italian, brum brum
  • In Korean, bureung bureung 부릉부릉
  • In Polish, brummm... brummmm...
  • In Portuguese, vruum vruum
  • In Romanian, vrum vrum
  • In Spanish, run run
  • In Swedish, brum brum
  • In Thai bruen bruen บรึ๊น บรึ๊น
  • In Turkish, vrum vrum (truck), han han (car)
  • In Vietnamese, bờ rừm

Car horn honking

Clock ticking

A sign in a shop window in Italy proclaims "No Tic Tac".

Keyboard striking

  • In Batak, tik tik
  • In Catalan txiquiti-txiquiti, txic txic.
  • In Czech, klik, ťuk ťuk
  • In Dutch: tik tik
  • In English: click click, click clack
  • In Estonian klõp klõp klõp
  • In Finnish: klik klik, klik klak, naks, naputinap
  • In French: clic clic
  • In German: klack klack klack (typewriter), tipp tipp tipp (computer)
  • In Hebrew, klik klik, קְלִיק־קְלִיק[heb 9]
  • In Italian, clic clic, tip tap
  • In Polish, klik klik
  • In Tagalog, chu ku chu ku chuk
  • In Turkish, tıkı tıkı tıkı, tıkır tıkır
  • In Vietnamese, lạch cạch

Telephone ringing

Siren wailing

Train whistling

Physical and natural phenomena

Electric flowing

  • In English, bzzz
  • In Hebrew, bzzz בְּזזז, tzzz טְזְזז

Electric shock

Lightning

  • In Batak, huist
  • In German, zack

Steam hissing

Thunder

  • In Batak, rapak, dugu-dugu-dugu ...
  • In Finnish, jyrin, jylin
  • In German, groll, grummel
  • In Russian, tararam тарарам, tram-tararam трам-тарарам
Thunderstorm
  • In Batak, maturapak

Water dripping

White Water

  • In Batak, "soook"

Wind blowing or waves flowing

  • In Bengali, ভোঁ bhõ, শন শন shôn shôn, ঝির ঝির jhir jhir
  • In Chinese, Mandarin, fuuu
  • In Czech, fíííí
  • In Dutch, woesh, woesj
  • In English, whoo, whoosh, swish, rustle, whine, whizz, whistle, wheeze, howl, zoom, sigh, sough, surf
  • In Finnish, viuuh
  • In French, frou-frou, vromb, murmur, hurl
  • In German, huiiih, wutsch, saus, rausch, wein, schwirr, heul, zoom, surr, seufz
  • In Greek, fru fru φρού φρού, sfýrigh σφύριγ, url ούρλ, sýrigh σύριγ, thýr θυρ
  • In Hindi, sarr sarr, saayein saayein
  • In Hungarian, hiss-huss, huss
  • In Italian, fiuu, fisch, mormor, url, sussurr
  • In Japanese, byuu byuu, pyuu pyuu, zawa zawa, soyo soyo
  • In Korean, whuing-whuing 윙윙
  • In Lithuanian, ššš
  • In Macedonian, fuuuu fuuuu фуууу фуууу
  • In Polish, szszszsz, huuuuuu
  • In Portuguese, Vuuuush
  • In Romanian, vâj
  • In Russian, uu-u уу-у
  • In Spanish, fuuuu fuuuu, fgrrrr frgrrrr, aul, zumb, susurr
  • In Swedish, svish
  • In Tagalog, fuuuu fuuuu
  • In Tamil, shhhhhhhhhh
  • In Thai, view view หวิว หวิว
  • In Turkish, vuuuu vuuuu
  • In Vietnamese, vi vu, vù vù; rì rào, xào xạc (rustling)

Others

Jingling

References

English words

  1. ^ "wah-wah" from the Oxford English Dictionary

Greek words

  1. ^ http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/search.html?lq=%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%AC&dq=

Hebrew words

  1. ^ "חָה חָה חָה" in Morfix online dictionary
  2. ^ "Ouch" in Morfix online dictionary
  3. ^ "אַפְּצִ'י" in Morfix online dictionary
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Animals sounds in Hebrew, HaSafa-HaIvrit (The Hebrew Language) web site (in Hebrew)
  5. ^ "Bang" in Babylon dictionary
  6. ^ "תּוּק תּוּק" in Morfix online dictionary
  7. ^ "זְבֶּנְג" in Morfix online dictionary
  8. ^ "תִּיק־תַּק" in Morfix online dictionary
  9. ^ "קְלִיק" in Morfix online dictionary
  10. ^ "דִינְג־דוֹנְג" in Morfix online dictionary

Japanese words

  1. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%8A%E3%81%8E%E3%82%83%E3%81%82&dtype=0&dname=0ss&stype=0&pagenum=1&index=102476500000
  2. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%82%80%E3%81%97%E3%82%83%E3%82%80%E3%81%97%E3%82%83&stype=0&dtype=0
  3. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%82%82%E3%81%90%E3%82%82%E3%81%90&stype=0&dtype=0
  4. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%83%91%E3%82%AF%E3%83%91%E3%82%AF&stype=0&dtype=0
  5. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%A9%E3%81%8D%E3%81%A9%E3%81%8D&stype=0&dtype=0
  6. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%8D%E3%82%83&dtype=0&dname=0ss&stype=0&index=104697200000&pagenum=1
  7. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%AF%E3%81%8F%E3%81%97%E3%82%87%E3%82%93&stype=0&dtype=0
  8. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%90%E3%81%86%E3%81%90%E3%81%86&stype=0&dtype=0
  9. ^ http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?p=%E3%81%94%E3%81%8F%E3%81%A3&stype=0&dtype=0

Portuguese words

  1. ^ http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trem_da_alegria

Chinese words

  1. ^ "哇哇" in Han Dian online dictionary
  2. ^ "怦怦" in Han Dian online dictionary
  3. ^ "嘘" in Han Dian online dictionary
  4. ^ "哈哈" in Han Dian online dictionary
  5. ^ "呵呵" in Han Dian online dictionary
  6. ^ "嘻嘻" in Han Dian online dictionary
  7. ^ "阿嚏" in Han Dian online dictionary
  8. ^ "呼噜" in Han Dian online dictionary
  9. ^ "嗡嗡" in Han Dian online dictionary
  10. ^ "叽叽喳喳" in Han Dian online dictionary
  11. ^ "喵" in Han Dian online dictionary
  12. ^ "哞" in Han Dian online dictionary
  13. ^ "哑哑" in Han Dian online dictionary
  14. ^ "汪汪" in Han Dian online dictionary
  15. ^ "嚎" in Han Dian online dictionary
  16. ^ "嘎嘎" in Han Dian online dictionary
  17. ^ "呱呱" in Han Dian online dictionary
  18. ^ "呱呱" in Han Dian online dictionary
  19. ^ "吼" in Han Dian online dictionary
  20. ^ "咩" in Han Dian online dictionary
  21. ^ "哐啷" in Han Dian online dictionary
  22. ^ "嘀嗒" in Han Dian online dictionary
  23. ^ "滴答" in Han Dian online dictionary
  24. ^ "叮铃" in Han Dian online dictionary
  25. ^ "叮当" in Han Dian online dictionary

External links


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