List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia


List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia
Asia (orthographic projection).svg

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia. It includes both fully recognized states, states with limited recognition, and dependent territories of both Asian and non-Asian states.

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea with its outlets, Bosporus and Dardanelles in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey are considered part of both Europe and Asia. Armenia and Cyprus are entirely in Western Asia, but are sociopolitically European countries. The division between Asia and Africa is usually considered to be the Suez Canal, placing the Sinai peninsula in Asia, and therefore Egypt may be included as an Asian state.

The division between Asia and Australasia (Oceania) is disputed, and placed somewhere between Java and New Guinea. Indonesia spans both areas, but is considered to be Asian. East Timor is sometimes considered to be part of Australasia, but due to its being surrounded by Indonesia and its once being part of Indonesia, it is considered Asian. Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian by virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Australasia. The division between Asia and North America is considered to be the Bering strait. Some of the Aleutian Islands may be considered as Asian.

Contents

Sovereign states

A sovereign state is a political association with effective sovereignty over a population for whom it makes decisions in the national interest.[1] According to the Montevideo convention, a state must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other states.[2]

Recognized states

The 48 states in this list are all members of the United Nations.[3]

Flag Map English short and formal names
[4][5][6]
Domestic short and formal names[4][5] Capital
[7][8][6]
Population[a][b]
[9]
Area[a][b]
[10]
Flag of Afghanistan.svg
LocationAfghanistan.svg Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Dari: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان — افغانستان (Afghānestān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān)

Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت — افغانستانت (Afghān̄istān — Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat)
Kabul

Dari: کابل (Kābul)

Pashto: کابل (Kābul)
29,835,392 652,230 km2 (251,827 sq mi)
Flag of Armenia.svg
LocationArmenia.svg Armenia

Republic of Armenia
Armenian: Հայաստան — Հայաստանի Հանրապետությու (Hayastan — Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun) Yerevan

Armenian: Երևան (Yerevan)
2,967,975 29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi)
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
LocationAzerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan[a][b]

Republic of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani: Azǝrbaycan — Azǝrbaycan Respublikası Baku

Azerbaijani: Bakı
8,372,373 86,600 km2 (33,436 sq mi)
Flag of Bahrain.svg
Map of Bahrain.svg Bahrain

Kingdom of Bahrain
Arabic: مملكة البحرين — البحرين(Al Baḩrayn — Mamlakat al Baḩrayn) Manama

Arabic: المنامة(Al Manāmah)
1,214,705 760 km2 (293 sq mi)
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
LocationBangladesh.svg Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh
Bengali: বাংলােদ — গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bāṁlādesh — Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṁlādesh) Dhaka

Bengali: ঢাকা (Ḍhākā)
158,570,535 143,998 km2 (55,598 sq mi)
Flag of Bhutan.svg
LocationBhutan.svg Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan
Dzongkha: འྲག་ཡ ఉ ལ — འྲག་གྷལ་ཁ (Druk Yul — Druk Gyalkhapb) Thimphu

Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ (Thimphu)
708,427 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi)
Flag of Brunei.svg
LocationBrunei.png Brunei

Brunei Darussalam
English: Brunei Darussalam

Malay: Brunei — Negara Brunei Darussalam
Bandar Seri Begawan

English: Bandar Seri Begawan

Malay: Bandar Seri Begawan
401,890 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)
Flag of Cambodia.svg
LocationCambodia.svg Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia
Khmer: កមុពា — រពះាាាចរក កមុពា (Kâmpŭchéa — Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa) Phnom Penh

Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pénh)
14,701,717 181,035 km2 (69,898 sq mi)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
LocationPRChina.svg China[b]

People's Republic of China
Chinese: 中国 — 中华人民共和国 (Zhongguo — Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) Beijing

Chinese: 北京 (Beijing)
1,336,718,015 9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)
Flag of Cyprus.svg
LocationCyprus.svg Cyprus[b]

Republic of Cyprus
Greek: Κύπρος — Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Kýpros — Kypriakí Dimokratí)

Turkish: Kıbrıs — Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Nicosia

Greek: Λευκωσία (Lefkosia)

Turkish: Lefkoşa
1,120,489 9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi)
Flag of Georgia.svg
LocationGeorgia.svg Georgia[a][b] Georgian: საქართველო (Sak'art'velo) Tbilisi / T'bilisi

Georgian: თბილისი (T'bilisi)
4,585,874 69,700 km2 (26,911 sq mi)
Flag of India.svg
LocationIndia.svg India

Republic of India
English: India — Republic of India

Hindi: भार — भारत गणरा᭔य (Bhārat — Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya)
New Delhi

English: New Delhi

Hindi: नई दिल्ली (Naī Dillī)
1,189,172,906 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)
Flag of Indonesia.svg
LocationIndonesia.svg Indonesia[a]

Republic of Indonesia
Indonesian: Indonesia — Republik Indonesia Jakarta

Indonesian: Jakarta
245,613,043 1,904,569 km2 (735,358 sq mi)
Flag of Iran.svg
LocationIran.svg Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Īrān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) Tehran

Persian: تهران (Tehrān)
77,891,220 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
Flag of Iraq.svg
LocationIraq.svg Iraq

Republic of Iraq
Arabic: العراق — جمهورية العراق(Al ‘Irāq — Jumhūrīyat al ‘Irāq) Baghdad

Arabic: بغداد(Baghdād)
30,399,572 438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi)
Flag of Israel.svg
LocationIsrael.svg Israel

State of Israel
Arabic: إسرائيل — دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل(Isrā'īl — Dawlat Isrā'īl)

Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵל — מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל(Yisra'el — Medinat Yisra'el)
Jerusalem (Claimed)[c]

Hebrew: ירושלים(Yerushalayim)
7,473,052 20,770 km2 (8,019 sq mi)
Flag of Japan.svg
LocationJapan.png Japan Japanese: 日本 — 日本国 (Nihon / Nippon — Nihon-koku / Nippon-koku) Tokyo

Japanese: 東京都 (Tokyo)
126,475,664 377,915 km2 (145,914 sq mi)
Flag of Jordan.svg
LocationJordan.svg Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Arabic: اﻷرُد — المملكة الأردنية الهاشميه(Al Urdun — Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah) Amman

Arabic: عمان(Ammān)
6,508,271 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi)
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
LocationKazakhstan.png Kazakhstan[a]

Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakh: Қазақстан — Қазақстан Республикасы (Qazaqstan — Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy)

Russian: Казахстан — Республика Казахстан (Kazahstan — Respublika Kazahstan)
Astana

Kazakh: Астана

Russian: Астана (Astana)
15,522,373 2,724,900 km2 (1,052,090 sq mi)
Flag of North Korea.svg
Locator map of North Korea.svg Korea, North

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korean: 조선 — 조선 민주주의 인민 공화국 (Chosŏn — Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk) Pyongyang

Korean: 평양 (Phyŏngyang)
24,457,492 120,538 km2 (46,540 sq mi)
Flag of South Korea.svg
Locator map of South Korea.svg Korea, South

Republic of Korea
Korean: 한국 — 대한 민국 (Han’guk — Taehan Min’guk) Seoul

Korean: 서울 (Seoul)
48,754,657 99,720 km2 (38,502 sq mi)
Flag of Kuwait.svg
LocationKuwait.png Kuwait

State of Kuwait
Arabic: دولة الكويت — اﻟﻜﻮﻳ(Al Kuwayt — Dawlat al Kuwayt) Kuwait City

Arabic: الكويت(Al Kuwayt)
2,595,628 17,818 km2 (6,880 sq mi)
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg
LocationKyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic
Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан — Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyz Respublikasy)

Russian: Кыргызстан — Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyzskaja Respublika)
Bishkek

Kyrgyz: Бишкек (Bishkek)

Russian: Бишкек (Biškek)
5,587,443 199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi)
Flag of Laos.svg
LocationLaos.svg Laos

Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lao: ສາທາລະນະລດປະຊາທ ັ ປະໄຕປະຊາຊ ິ ນລາວ (Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao) Vientiane

Lao: ວຽງຈັນ (Viangchan)
6,477,211 236,800 km2 (91,429 sq mi)
Flag of Lebanon.svg
LocationLebanon.svg Lebanon

Lebanese Republic
Arabic: لبنان — الجمهورية اللبنانية(Lubnān — Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah) Beirut

Arabic: بيروت(Bayrūt)
4,143,101 10,400 km2 (4,015 sq mi)
Flag of Malaysia.svg
LocationMalaysia.png Malaysia Malay: Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[d]

Malay: Kuala Lumpur
28,728,607 329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi)
Flag of Maldives.svg
LocationMaldives.png Maldives

Republic of Maldives
Maldivian: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ — ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi Raajje — Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa) Malé / Male'

Maldivian: މާލެ (Maale)
394,999 298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Flag of Mongolia.svg
LocationMongolia.png Mongolia Mongolian: Монго — Монгол улс (Mongol — Mongol uls) Ulaanbaatar

Mongolian: Улаанбаатар (Ulaanbaatar)
3,133,318 1,564,116 km2 (603,909 sq mi)
Flag of Myanmar.svg
LocationMyanmar.svg Myanmar / Burma

Republic of The Union of Myanmar
Burmese: မြန်မာပြည် — ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Myanma — Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw) Nya Pyi Taw

Burmese: နေပြည်တော် (Nay Pyi Taw)
53,999,804 676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi)
Flag of Nepal.svg
LocationNepal.svg Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Nepali: नपाल — सघीय लोकताि᭠ᮢक गणत᭠ᮢ न ं पाल (Nepāl — Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Ganạ tantra Nepāl) Kathmandu

Nepali: काठमाडौं (Kāṭhmāḍauṁ)
29,391,883 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi)
Flag of Oman.svg
LocationOman.png Oman

Sultanate of Oman
Arabic: عُمان — سلطنة عُمان(‘Umān — Salţanat ‘Umān) Muscat

Arabic: مسقط(Masqaţ)
3,027,959 309,500 km2 (119,499 sq mi)
Flag of Pakistan.svg
LocationPakistan.svg Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
English: Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان — اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان (Pākistān — Jamhūryat Islāmī Pākistān)
Islamabad

English: Islamabad

Urdu: اسلام آباد (Islāmābād)
187,342,721 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi)
Flag of the Philippines.svg
LocationPhilippines.png Philippines

Republic of the Philippines
English: Philippines — Republic of the Philippines

Tagalog: Pilipinas — Republika ng Pilipinas
Manila

English: Manila

Tagalog: Maynila
101,833,938 300,000 km2 (115,831 sq mi)
Flag of Qatar.svg
LocationQatar.png Qatar

State of Qatar
Arabic: قطر — دولة قطر(Qaţar — Dawlat Qaţar) Doha

Arabic: الدوحة(Ad Dawḩah)
848,016 11,586 km2 (4,473 sq mi)
Flag of Russia.svg
LocationRussia.svg Russia[a]

Russian Federation
Russian: Росси́я — Российская Федерация (Rossija — Rossijskaja Federacija) Moscow

Russian: Москва (Moskva)
138,739,892 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi)
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
LocationSaudiArabia.svg Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Arabic: السعودية — المملكة العربية السعودية(As Su‘ūdīya — Al Mamlakah al ‘Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah) Riyadh

Arabic: الرياض(Ar Riyāḑ)
26,131,703 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi)
Flag of Singapore.svg
LocationSingapore.png Singapore

Republic of Singapore
Chinese: 新加坡 — 新加坡共和国 Xinjiapo — Xinjiapo Gongheguo

English: Singapore — Republic of Singapore

Malay: Singapura — Republik Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் — சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Chiṅkappūr — Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu)
Singapore

Chinese: 新加坡 Xinjiapo

English: Singapore

Malay: Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் (Chiṅkappūr)
4,740,737 697 km2 (269 sq mi)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
LocationSriLanka.png Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා — ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Shrī Laṁkā — Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya)

Tamil: இலᾱைக — இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு (Ilaṅkai — Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu)
Colombo

Sinhala: කොළඹ (Kŏḷamba)

Tamil: கொழும்ப (Kŏl̮umpu)
21,283,913 65,610 km2 (25,332 sq mi)
Flag of Syria.svg
LocationSyria.svg Syria

Syrian Arab Republic
Arabic: ﺔُﺳ ِﻮرَا / ﺳ ِﻮر — جمهورية سوريا العربية(Sūrīyah / Sūriyā — Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah) Damascus

Arabic: دمشق(Dimashq)
22,517,750 185,180 km2 (71,498 sq mi)
Flag of Tajikistan.svg
LocationTajikistan.svg Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan
Tajik: Тоҷикистон — Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston — Jumhurii Tojikiston) Dushanbe

Tajik: Душанбе (Dushanbe)
7,627,200 143,100 km2 (55,251 sq mi)
Flag of Thailand.svg
LocationThailand.svg Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
Thai: ประเทศไทย — ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Prathet Thai — Ratcha Anachak Thai) Bangkok

Thai: กรุงเทพฯ (Krung Thep)
66,720,153 513,120 km2 (198,117 sq mi)
Flag of East Timor.svg
LocationEastTimor.svg Timor-Leste[a]

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
East Timor

Democratic Republic of East Timor
Portuguese: Timor-Leste — República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e — Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
Dili

Portuguese: Dili
Tetum: Dili
1,177,834 14,874 km2 (5,743 sq mi)
Flag of Turkey.svg
LocationTurkey.svg Turkey[a]

Republic of Turkey
Turkish: Türkiye — Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara

Turkish: Ankara
78,785,548 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi)
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
LocationTurkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat

Turkmen: Aşgabat
4,997,503 488,100 km2 (188,456 sq mi)
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
LocationUnitedArabEmirates.png United Arab Emirates Arabic: اﻹﻣﺎرا — دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة(Al Imārāt — Al Imārāt al ‘Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah) Abu Dhabi

Arabic: أبوظبي(Abu Dhabi)
5,148,664 83,600 km2 (32,278 sq mi)
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
LocationUzbekistan.png Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbek: O‘zbekiston — O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Tashkent

Uzbek: Toshkent
28,128,600 447,400 km2 (172,742 sq mi)
Flag of Vietnam.svg
LocationVietnam.png Vietnam / Viet Nam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Vietnamese: Việt Nam — Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi

Vietnamese: Hà Nội
90,549,390 331,210 km2 (127,881 sq mi)
Flag of Yemen.svg
LocationYemen.png Yemen

Republic of Yemen
Arabic: اليمن — الجمهورية اليمنية(Al Yaman — Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah) Sana'a

Arabic: صنعاء(Şan‘ā’)
24,133,492 527,968 km2 (203,850 sq mi)

Partially recognized and unrecognized states

The 6 states in this list have varying levels of recognition, but are not members of the United Nations. All are defined as states by the declarative theory of statehood.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
Flag of Abkhazia.svg
Location of Abkhazia in Europe2.png Abkhazia

Republic of Abkhazia[11]
Claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.[12] Recognised by five UN states.[13] Abkhaz: Аҧсуа (Apswa)[11] Sukhumi / Sukhum[11]

Abkhaz: Аҟəа (Akwa)[citation needed]
250,000[14] 8,660 km2 (3,344 sq mi)[12]
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg
Location Nagorno-Karabakh en.png Nagorno-Karabakh

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[15]
Claimed as part of Azerbaijan.[16] Recognised only by 3 non-UN states.[citation needed] Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ — Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն[citation needed] (Lernayin Gharabaghi — Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun)[15] Stepanakert[15]

Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ (Khankendi)[citation needed]
141,400[17] 7,000 km2 (2,703 sq mi)[18]
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
TRNC location.svg Northern Cyprus

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[19]
Claimed as part of the Republic of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey.[19] Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs — Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti[citation needed] Nicosia

Turkish: Lefkoşa[20]
285,356[21] 3,355 km2 (1,295 sq mi)[10]
Flag of Palestine.svg
LocationPalestine.svg Palestine

State of Palestine
The unilaterally-declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 124 states.[22] Arabic: فلسطين — دولة فلسـطين(Filastīn — As-Sulta Al-Wataniyya Al-Filastīniyya) Jerusalem (claimed)[23]
Ramallah / Gaza (de facto)[citation needed]
4,225,710[9] 6,220[10]
Flag of South Ossetia.svg
Location of South Ossetia in Europe2.png South Ossetia

Republic of South Ossetia
Claimed as part of Georgia.[24] Recognised by four UN states. Ossetic: Хуссар Ирыстон — Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон (Khussar Iryston — Respublikæ Khussar Iryston)

Russian: Южная Осетия — Республика Южная Осетия (Yuzhnaya Osetiya — Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya)
Tskhinvali[24]

Ossetic: Цхинвал or Чъреба (Chreba)[citation needed]
70,000[24] 3,900 km2 (1,506 sq mi)[25]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
LocationTaiwan.svg Taiwan

Republic of China[26][6]
Claimed as a province of the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China has not renounced claims over the mainland and is recognised as the government of China by 23 states including the Holy See. Traditional Chinese: 臺灣/台灣 — 中華民國 (Táiwān — Zhōnghuá Mínguó)[citation needed] Taipei[7][6] 23,071,779[9] 35,980 km2 (13,892 sq mi)[10]

Dependent territories and other territories

The six entities in this list are either subject to a state they are not part of, or have a special political arrangement that was decided through an international agreement.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[27] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[10]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Cyprus SBAsInRed.png Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
British overseas territory English: Akrotiri and Dhekelia — Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Episkopi Cantonment

English: Episkopi Cantonment[7]
15,700[9][e] 254 km2 (98 sq mi)
Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg
Location of the British Indian Ocean Territory.png British Indian Ocean Territory[4][6] British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory 4,000[28][f] 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi)
Flag of Christmas Island.svg
Christmasisland.png Christmas Island

Territory of Christmas Island[4]
Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island — Territory of Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove[6] / The Settlement[7] 1,402[9] 135 km2 (52 sq mi)
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg
Keelingislands.png Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands[4]
Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands — Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island[7] / Bantam[6] 596[9] 14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Flag of Hong Kong.svg
LocationHongKong.png Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[6]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 香港 — 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區

English: Hong Kong — Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong[6] 7,122,508[9] 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi)
Flag of Macau.svg
LocationMacau.png Macau / Macao

Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China/Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[6]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 澳門 — 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區

Portuguese: Macau — Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Macau / Macao[6] 573,003[9] 28.2 km2 (10.9 sq mi)

Notes

  1. Area and population figures given are for the whole state, including areas located outside of Asia. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all contain territory in Europe. The border between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined, and Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes placed in Oceania.
  2. ^ a b c d The area and population of states with separatist regions includes that of the separatist regions.
  3. ^ Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel in 1950.[29] The 1980 Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament.[30] United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem.[31] Foreign countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities.[32]
  4. ^ Although Kuala Lumpur is the official capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the seat of government.[33]
  5. ^ Akrotiri and Dhekelia are British military bases, with the population including 8,000 United Kingdom personnel and dependents.[34]
  6. ^ Although the islands have no remaining indigenous inhabitants, a military base shared between the United Kingdom and the United States is located on the island of Diego Garcia, with a staff of 4,000 people.[28]
  7. ^ Represents total land area. Including claimed ocean area, total area 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi).

See also

List of Asian countries by GDP

Notes

  1. ^ Ashley, Richard K (1 June 1988). "Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique". Millennium - Journal of International Studies (Sage Journals Online) 17 (2): 227–262. doi:10.1177/03058298880170020901. http://mil.sagepub.com/content/17/2/227.short. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States". Council on Foreign Relations. 26 December 1933. http://www.cfr.org/sovereignty/montevideo-convention-rights-duties-states/p15897. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "United Nations Member States". United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/members/. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2142.html. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/docs/9th-uncsgn-docs/UNGEGN%20WG%20Country%20Names%20Document%20-%20August%202009.pdf. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. http://publications.europa.eu/code/en/en-5000500.htm#fn-tw1. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2057.html. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/geonames/. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2147.html. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c "About Abkhazia". Abkhazia Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://www.mfaabkhazia.net/en/abkhazia. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  12. ^ a b "Abkhazia (autonomous republic, Georgia)". Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1358/Abkhazia. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  13. ^ "Abkhazia presents proof of independence recognition by Vanuatu". RT. 7 June 2011. http://rt.com/politics/vanuatu-recognizes-abkhazia-independence/. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "Regions and territories: Abkhazia". BBC News. 8 February 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3261059.stm. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c "Country Overview". Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in the United States. http://www.nkrusa.org/country_profile/overview.shtml. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  16. ^ "Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC News. 20 January 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3658938.stm. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  17. ^ "Official website of the President of the Nagorno Karabagh Republic". President.nkr.am. http://www.president.nkr.am/en/nkr/statePower/. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  18. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh (region, Azerbaijan)". Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/401669/Nagorno-Karabakh. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "A Mediterranean Quagmire". The Economist. 22 April 2010. http://www.economist.com/node/15954444. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  20. ^ "Cyprus country profile". BBC News. 27 May 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1016541.stm. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  21. ^ "DPÖ: "2009 sonu itibarıyla nüfus 285 bin 356"". Kibris Postasi. 8 October 2010. http://www.kibrispostasi.com/index.php/cat/35/news/40123/PageName/KIBRIS_HABERLERI. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  22. ^ "Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission". Palestine Liberation Organisation Negotiations Affairs Department. http://www.nad-plo.org/etemplate.php?id=5. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  23. ^ "Israel and Palestinian territories country profile". BBC News. 9 March 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/803257.stm. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  24. ^ a b c "Regions and territories: South Ossetia". BBC News. 8 February 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3797729.stm. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  25. ^ Kafkas Vakfi. "South Ossetia". Hartford Web Publishing. http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/63/129.html. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  26. ^ "Government Information Office, Republic of China (Tawian)". Government Information Office, Republic of China (Tawian). http://www.gio.gov.tw/. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  27. ^ "Field Listing :: Dependency Status". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2006.html. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  28. ^ a b "British Indian Ocean Territory". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/io.html. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  29. ^ "Middle East :: Israel". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  30. ^ "Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel". The Knesset. http://www.knesset.gov.il/laws/special/eng/basic10_eng.htm. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  31. ^ "Resolution 478" (Press release). United Nations Security Council. 1980. http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/399/71/IMG/NR039971.pdf?OpenElement. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  32. ^ Embassies and Consulates in Israel, Israel Science and Technology Homepage
  33. ^ "Putrajaya - Federal Administrative Capital". Malaysian Government. http://www.malaysia.gov.my/EN/Main/MsianGov/PutrajayaFederalAdminCapital/Pages/PutrajayaFederalAdminCapital.aspx. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  34. ^ "Akrotiri". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ax.html. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 


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