- Kapitan Khlebnikov (icebreaker)
The "Kapitan Khlebnikov" ( _ru. Капитан Хлебников) is a
Russian (formerly Soviet) icebreaker. The vessel now operates as a cruise shipoffering excursions to the Arcticand Antarctic.
The "Kapitan Khlebnikov" was completed in
Finlandin 1981 as one of five Kapitan Sorokin classicebreakers. She was refitted in 1990 as a tour ship.cite web| url=http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica%20fact%20file/ships/Kapitan_Khlebnikov_ice_breaker.htm| title="Kapitan Khlebnikov", a conventionally powered ice breaker| publisher=Cool Antarctica| accessdate=2008-07-20] and was the first ship to circumnavigate Antarctica with passengers in 1996-97. [cite web| url=http://www.oceanadventures.co.uk/vessels_khlebnikov.cfm| title="Kapitan Khlebnikov"| publisher=Ocean Adventures| accessdate=2008-07-20]
In February 2006 the "Kapitan Khlebnikov" reached the
Bay of Whalesin the Antarctic, reaching 78° 40.871' south and equalling the record set by Roald Amundsenin the Framin 1911. [ [http://www.discover-the-world.co.uk/newsletter/newsletter16/poleToPole.asp?id=article2 Discover the World] ]
Construction and layout
A polar-class icebreaker, combining power and technology with creature comforts, "Kapitan Khlebnikov" was originally designed for the rigors of northern Siberia. The vessel has twin-decks with superstructure and engine room in the middle, an icebreaker bow and transom stern. The stern region is cushioned to allow for the close towing of other vessels when helping them through the ice.
Passenger accommodation is in 54 cabins and suites, with 2 dining rooms, a lounge and bar. Facilities include a heated indoor swimming pool, exercise room and sauna, theatre-style auditorium and shop. The library has a collection of polar-themed books.
The double hull has water ballast between, with pumps that can move ballast water at up to 74 tonnes a minute to aid ice breaking. The hull thickness is 45mm at the ice skirt and 25-35mm elsewhere. Friction between the ship and the ice is reduced by a polymer-paint coating at the level of the ice skirt. An air bubbling system helps ice breaking. Air can be forced under pressure from 2m above the keel from the bow to half way down the ship.
In addition to charters for scientific missions, and for supplying mines and other resource exploitation industries, the vessel is chartered for adventure cruises.cite news
title=Sailing the Historic Northwest Passage in a Polar-Class Icebreaker
She is one of five large icebreakers operated by the
Far East Shipping Company:
Icebreaker Admiral Makarov
* [http://www.quarkexpeditions.com/fleet/khlebnikov.shtml General information on the Kapitan Khlebnikov at Quark Expeditions]
* [http://www.quarkexpeditions.com/fleet/khlebnikov_deck.shtml Deck plan at Quark Expeditions] .
*cite news| last = Hughes| first = Peter| title = "The last continent"| publisher =
The Daily Telegraph| date =February 10, 2007| url = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/02/10/stant10.xml&page=1| accessdate = 2007-02-23 - Hughes describes his journey on the "Kapitan Khlebnikov"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Icebreaker Admiral Makarov — The Icebreaker Admiral Makarov is a large Russian icebreaker operated by the Far East Shipping Company (FESCO). Completed in 1975, she is FESCO s oldest icebreaker. Admiral Makarov and her sister ship Krasin (1976), are the largest of the five… … Wikipedia
Icebreaker Sakhalin — The Icebreaker Sakhalin is a large modern Russian icebreaker built for the Far Eastern Shipping Company Transport Group (FESCO).cite news url=http://www.akeryardsmarine.com/ship ice.html title=Akers Marine Yard: Icebreakers publisher=Akers Marine … Wikipedia
Icebreaker Magadan — The Icebreaker Magadan is a large modern Russian icebreaker.cite news url=http://international.usgs.gov/ipy/updates.shtml title=International Polar Year 2007 2008: News, Updates Background page= pages= publisher=United States Geological Survey… … Wikipedia
Krasin (icebreaker) — The Krasin (Russian: Красин) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) icebreaker. The vessel operates in polar regions.HistoryThe ship was built at the Helsinki New Shipyard in Helsinki, Finland in 1976.DesignThe second Krasin is an A1 class, triple screw … Wikipedia
McMurdo Sound — McMurdo Sound, Antarctica The ice clogged waters of Antarctica s McMurdo Sound extend about 55 km (35 mi) long and wide. The sound opens into the Ross Sea to the north. The Royal Society Range rises from sea level to 13,205 feet (4,205… … Wikipedia
List of icebreakers — This is a list of icebreakers, ships designed to operate in ice covered waters. Argentina Argentine Navy *ARA Almirante Irízar (Q 5) *ARA General San Martín (Q 4) Australia * Aurora Australis Canada Canadian Coast Guard Heavy Icebreaker * CCGS… … Wikipedia
Капитан Хлебников (ледокол) — «Капитан Хлебников» … Википедия
Список круизных судов — Настоящий список круизных судов даёт обзор по возможности всех круизных судов, независимо от того, находятся они ещё в эксплуатации или нет, построены для круизов, или для других целей. Суда в списках расположены в алфавитном порядке. При… … Википедия
Antarctica — /ant ahrk ti keuh, ahr ti /, n. the continent surrounding the South Pole: almost entirely covered by an ice sheet. ab. 5,000,000 sq. mi. (12,950,000 sq. km). Also called Antarctic Continent. * * * Antarctica Introduction Antarctica Background:… … Universalium
Marble Point — Marble Point, Antarctica, is a rocky promontory on the coast of Victoria Land located at 77° 26 S latitude and 163° 50 E longitude. The United States operates a station at the point. The outpost is used as a helicopter refueling station… … Wikipedia