Houttuynia


Houttuynia

taxobox
name = "Houttuynia cordata"



regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Magnoliids
ordo = Piperales
familia = Saururaceae
genus = "Houttuynia"
genus_authority = Thunb.
species = "H. cordata"
binomial = "Houttuynia cordata"
binomial_authority = Thunb.|

"Houttuynia cordata" (zh-cpl|c=|p=yúxīng cǎo|l=fishy-smell herb; Vietnamese: "giấp cá"; Korean: 약모밀; English "lizard tail" and "chameleon plant"), the sole species in the genus "Houttuynia", is a flowering plant native to Japan, Korea, southern China and Southeast Asia, where it grows in moist, shady places.

"Houttuynia" is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to between 20 and 80 cm. The proximal part of the stem is trailing and produces adventitious roots, while the distal part of the stem grows vertically. The leaves are alternate, broadly heart-shaped, 4-9 cm long and 3-8 cm broad. Flowers are greenish-yellow, borne on a terminal spike 2-3 cm long with 4-6 large white basal bracts.

Cultivation

The plant grows well in moist to wet soil and even slightly submerged in water in partial or full sun. Plants can become invasive in gardens and difficult to eradicate. Propagation is via division.

"Houttuynia" in temperate gardens is usually in one of its cultivated forms, including: Chameleon (synonymous with "H.c." 'Court Jester', "H.c." 'Tricolour', "H.c." 'Variegata') this variety is slightly less vigorous than the species and has leaves broadly edged in yellow and flecked with red; Flore Pleno has masses of white bracts and the vigour of the parent species.

Usage

Culinary use

Grown as a leaf vegetable, particularly in Vietnam, where it is called "giấp cá" or "diếp cá" and is used as a fresh herbal garnish. The leaf has an unusual taste that is often described as "fishy" (earning it the nickname "fish mint"), so it is not enjoyed as universally as basil, mint, or other more commonly used herbs.

In the southwestern Chinese provinces of Yunnan, Guizhou, and Sichuan, roots are used as a root vegetable. English names include heartleaf and lizardtail.

Medicinal use

Houttuynia is also used in herbal medicine. The beverage "dokudami cha" (Japanese: ドクダミ茶; literally "Houttuynia cordata tea") is an infusion made from Houttuynia cordata leaves, Oolong tea leaves, and Job's Tears. [citeweb|url=http://www.katagiri.com/ctlg/le.html|title=Beverage|publisher=KATAGIRI & CO.INC.|accessdate=2006-10-04]

Invasive Weed

Lizard Tail is an invasive species in many areas in the United States and Australia. [ [http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=854 Global Invasive Species Database: Houttuynia cordata] , accessed 2008-07-06] Even the less vigorous forms will spread beyond an apt gardener's control if planted in any moderately moist soil. To prevent this, try planting in an old pot, sunk down into the garden soil.

ee also

*Yerba mansa

References

External links

* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=115808 Flora of China: "Houttuynia"]
* [http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nrenfa.nsf/linkview/f216f1127f360407ca2571540023ae005e3946e74d2db314ca257210000a4a12 Asian Vegetables (with photo)]
*"Flora, The Gardener's Bible", ABC Publishing, Ultimo, NSW, Australia, 2006 ISBN 0 7333 1439 2


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Houttuynia — n. A genus of plants having only one species; East Asian low growing plant of wet places. Syn: genus {Houttuynia}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Houttuynĭa — Houttuynĭa, 1) H. Thunb., Pflanzengattung, benannt nach dem Amsterdamer Arzt Mart. Houttuyn (schr. Natuurl. hist. Amsterd. 1774–83), deutsch von Christmann u. Panzer, Nürnb. 1777–1788, 14 Bde.), aus der Familie der Saurureae, 7. Kl. 2. Ordn. L.;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Houttuynia —   Houttuynia …   Wikipedia Español

  • houttuynia — širdžialapė stimburė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Drieženinių šeimos daržovinis, dekoratyvinis, maistinis, vaistinis augalas (Houttuynia cordata), paplitęs rytų ir pietryčių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Houttuynia cordata angl. chameleon… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Houttuynia — ID 41069 Symbol Key HOUTT Common Name houttuynia Family Saururaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution LA Growth Habit N/A Dur …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Houttuynia — noun one species; east Asian low growing plant of wet places • Syn: ↑genus Houttuynia • Hypernyms: ↑dicot genus, ↑magnoliopsid genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Saururaceae, ↑family Saururaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Houttuynia cordata — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Houttuynia cordata — Plante caméléon Plante caméléon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Houttuynia cordata — širdžialapė stimburė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Drieženinių šeimos daržovinis, dekoratyvinis, maistinis, vaistinis augalas (Houttuynia cordata), paplitęs rytų ir pietryčių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Houttuynia cordata angl. chameleon… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Houttuynia Thunb. — Symbol HOUTT Common Name houttuynia Botanical Family Saururaceae …   Scientific plant list


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