Church Hill


Church Hill
St. John's Church Historic District
St.John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia
Church Hill is located in Virginia
Location: Bounded roughly by 22nd, Marshall, 32nd, Main, and Franklin Sts. and Williamsburg Ave., Richmond, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°31′45″N 77°25′5″W / 37.52917°N 77.41806°W / 37.52917; -77.41806Coordinates: 37°31′45″N 77°25′5″W / 37.52917°N 77.41806°W / 37.52917; -77.41806
Area: 100 acres (40 ha)
Architect: Byrd,William
Architectural style: Greek Revival, Federal
Governing body: Local
NRHP Reference#:

70000884 (original)
90002097

[1] (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHP: September 15, 1970
Boundary increase: January 17, 1991

Church Hill, also known as the St. John's Church Historic District, is an Old and Historic District in Richmond, Virginia. This district encompasses the original land plat of the city of Richmond. Church Hill is the eastern terminus of Broad Street, a major east-west thoroughfare in the Richmond Metropolitan Area, and one of the longest, which carries U.S. Route 250. The name Church Hill is often used to describe both the specific historic district and the larger general area in the East End encompassing other neighborhoods such as Union Hill, Chimborazo, Fairmount, Peter Paul, Woodville, etc.

Contents

History

Church Hill is known as the site of Virginia's second revolutionary convention where Patrick Henry gave his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia. It is also known for Chimborazo Park, where the largest American Civil War Hospital was located.

On Friday, October 2, 1925, a 4,000-foot Chesapeake and Ohio railroad single track tunnel built during Reconstruction collapsed under Church Hill. The Church Hill Tunnel collapse occurred during refurbishment works, killing 3 or 4 and engulfing a work train in complete with a 4-4-0 engine #231 and 10 flat cars. The tunnel was closed and filled-in after the collapse. In the July 2006, a coalition of officials and historical groups made plans to remove the buried engine. If recovered, it would be displayed at the Virginia Historical Society in Richmond. Some borings were made into the tunnel from above for examination by camera. Only murky water was found, whereupon further work was delayed by city permitting issues. The bricked-in entrance of the collapsed tunnel can still be seen at the south east end of the alley just north of Marshall Street, on 18th Street.

Douglas Wilder, the first African American to have been elected governor of a U.S. state1, was born and raised in Church Hill.

Preservation Efforts

The Church Hill neighborhood experienced serious physical decline during the 1950s, owing mostly to absentee landlords. The Historic Richmond Foundation was established in 1956 out of concern for "saving and enhancing the setting for St. John's Church."[2] In 1957, encouraged in large part by Historic Richmond, City Council created a historic district ordinance while simultaneously adopting the St. John's Church Old and Historic District. The preservation of Church Hill marked the formal beginning of the preservation movement in Richmond.[3]

Notable Structures, Monuments and Parks

  • Adams-Taylor House
  • Adams Double House
  • Chimborazo Park
  • Elmira Shelton House
  • Libby Hill Park
  • Pohlig Brothers Building
  • Richmond Hill
  • Soldiers and Sailors Monument
  • St. John's Mews
  • Superior Warehouse
  • Woodward House
  • WRVA Building

Maps

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  2. ^ Zehmer, Jack. Church Hill: The St. John's Historic District, 1991. (p. 11)
  3. ^ Katie Kelley, Historic Richmond Foundation Architectural Historian

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Church Hill — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Church Hill (Delaware) Church Hill (Georgia) Church Hill (Kentucky) Church Hill (Maryland) Church Hill (Mississippi) Church Hill (North Carolina) Church Hill (Pennsylvania) Church Hill… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Church Hill — podría referirse a: Church Hill (Maryland) Church Hill (Pensilvania) Church Hill (Tennessee) Church Hill (Virginia) Todas las páginas cuyos títulos comienzan con «Church Hill». Todas las páginas cuyos títulos contienen «Church Hill» …   Wikipedia Español

  • Church Hill — Church Hill, TN U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 5916 Housing Units (2000): 2709 Land area (2000): 8.885664 sq. miles (23.013762 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.489230 sq. miles (1.267099 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.374894 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Church Hill, MD — U.S. town in Maryland Population (2000): 530 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.513819 sq. miles (1.330784 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.513819 sq. miles (1.330784 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Church Hill, TN — U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 5916 Housing Units (2000): 2709 Land area (2000): 8.885664 sq. miles (23.013762 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.489230 sq. miles (1.267099 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.374894 sq. miles (24.280861 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Church Hill —    East out of St. Andrews Hill by the Church to Knightrider Street. In Castle Baynard Ward (Elmes, 1831).    First mention: Hatton, 1708. On the west side of Addle Hill, a passage to Wardrobe Church, near St. Paul s ; some call it Chandlers… …   Dictionary of London

  • Church Hill — 1 Original name in latin Church Hill Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 36.52232 latitude 82.71349 altitude 375 Population 6737 Date 2011 05 14 2 Original name in latin Church Hill Name in other… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Church Hill, Richmond, Virginia — Church Hill, also known as the St. John s Church Historic District, is an Old and Historic District in Richmond, Virginia. This district encompasses the original land plat of the city of Richmond. Church Hill is the eastern terminus of Broad… …   Wikipedia

  • Church Hill, Tennessee —   City   Location of Church Hill, Tennessee …   Wikipedia

  • Church Hill Tunnel — The sealed eastern entrance to the Church hill Tunnel Overview Line Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C O) Location Richmond, Virginia …   Wikipedia


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