Zhu Hongzhang


Zhu Hongzhang

Zhu Hongzhang (Chinese: 朱洪章; pinyin: Zhū Hóngzhāng; Styled; Posthumous name: (1820? – 1895), born in Liping, Guizhou, was an eminent Han Chinese official and military general of the late Qing Dynasty in China. He joined the Xiang Army to fight against the Taiping Rebellion and to restore the stability of Qing Dynasty, and was one of nine generals (1 lieutenant General, five major generals, and three Brigadier generals) to lead a major force of 60,000, which occupied Nanjing in 1864. Commander Zeng Guoquan gave Zhu third class merit of recovery Nanjing out nine generals, and reported to Beijing's government to praise him, but other opinions state that Zhu should have received the first merit instead of Li Chenden‎.

Contents

The first wave offensive

19 July afternoon 13:00, the attackers detonated the explosives in the tunnel under Taiping Gate(太平), the wall failed for around 2-10Km, Zhu led 1800 soldiers into battle shouting: [Kill(Sa)! Kill(Sa)!....]and through the broken wall into the city, but 460 were killed before 16:00 by the bambs of the weakened Taiping defenders, but Zhu's troops took Taiping on the following day.

This won Zhu Imperial yellow jacket merit.

Why did Zhu not win a first class merit?

1.Zhu was not Hunan Chinese.

2.His family name Zhu was same Ming Dynasty emperor, and Ming first emperor built former capital in Nanjing, Zeng Guoquan had Han Chinese ideology and not wish lose face for Han(Qing was non-Han).

3.Keep Some secret about Nanjing's treasure, so first and second class merit gave and praised knew secret generals.

4.He is too humble to selfish for himself.

5.Zeng's brothers feel discontented:Zeng Guofan appointed Zhu follow Zeng Guoquan, but Zeng Guoquan don't forgiven eldest brother Zeng Guofan on some degree for elder brother was KIA in Battle of Sanhe, and blame Zeng Guofan's generals, included Zhu.

Stationary in Yunnan

In 1876, appointed Zhu led army stationary on Tengchong CountyYunnan built hydraulic engineering.

Come back Nanjing

In 1888, Zeng Guoquan promoted Viceroy of Liangjiang, Zhu followed Zeng again and came back Nanjing.

Climbing up Dragon's Neck

Someday they date to Climbing up Dragon's Neck(Dibao Castle 地保城, nicknamed Dragon's Neck 龙脖子on Purple Gold (紫金) Mountain) together that battleground memory for too much intense warfare 24 years ago. there were over 25,000 Xiang Army KIA over here among 20 months.

Tears full their eyes when they saw the sight and thought about deaths and wounds bravely. they wrote and carved words on stone grave over here diary for this battle history and heroes.

After 2 years, Zeng Guoquan was dead.

Defend Shanghai:on First Sino-Japanese War

Zhu led 10,000 army defend Shanghai, Qing government sight Zhu is a trump card. Japanese army and spy knew Zhu was commander, fear him and not dare combat from Shanghai. but when Zhu knew warfare was loss in Korea, it made old Zhu too sadness and die(some historian think was murdered by Japanese spy!), Zhu's typical military spirit was memorial forever.

References

  • Hummel, Arthur William, ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644–1912). 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.
  • Porter, Jonathan. Tseng Kuo-Fan's Private Bureaucracy. Berkeley: University of California, 1972.
  • Wright, Mary Clabaugh. The Last Stand of Chinese Conservatism: The T'ung-Chih Restoration, 1862 -1874. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1957.
  • Third Battle of Nanking

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