Cherry Hill, Michigan


Cherry Hill, Michigan
Cherry Hill Historic District
The Italianate Cherry Hill House, Corner of Ridge and Cherry Hill
Cherry Hill, Michigan is located in Michigan
Location: Cherry Hill and Ridge Rds., Canton Township, Michigan
Coordinates: 42°18′17″N 83°32′20″W / 42.30472°N 83.53889°W / 42.30472; -83.53889Coordinates: 42°18′17″N 83°32′20″W / 42.30472°N 83.53889°W / 42.30472; -83.53889
Area: 17 acres (6.9 ha)
Built: 1865
Architectural style: Gothic Revival, Italianate
Governing body: Local
NRHP Reference#: 03000176[1]
Added to NRHP: April 02, 2003

Cherry Hill is an unincorporated community, located at the corner of Cherry Hill and Ridge Roads in Canton Township, in Wayne County, Michigan. The Cherry Hill Historic District is a primarily residential historic district encompassing the greater part of Cherry Hill. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[1]

Contents

History

The Village Theatre

Cherry Hill, settled in 1825,[2] was an early crossroads hamlet in Canton Township.[3] The town was originally called "Ridge" (also the origin of "Ridge Road") due to its position atop the ridge shore of an ancient lake.[3] The first area church, the Cherry Hill United Methodist Church, was built in the village in 1834.[2] In approximately 1865, Abner Hitchcock constructed an inn in the village, naming it the "Cherry Hill House" in reference to the wild cherry trees growing in the area.[2][4] The town of Ridge soon followed suit, and changed its name to "Cherry Hill." Hitchcock's inn was used later as a general store and a dance hall, becoming the social centeer of the community for generations.[5]

The Ypsi Creamery was located in Cherry Hill, after which the Detroit Creamery (later the Wilson Dairy) operated until 1940.[3] Henry Ford purchased the dairy and used it to house workers in his village industry program.[3] The village industry in Cherry Hill was unique in that part of its purpose was to provide work for World War II veterans who suffered physical or mental disabilities die to their wartime service.[6]

Cherry Hill is the last of the five hamlets in Canton Township to retain substantial historic significance; it also endured as a commercial and social hub until the 1960s.[6]

Community development

In 2000, construction began on the Cherry Hill Village residential development in the area.[7] The development included over 750 houses, parks, and a town center with a community theatre.[7][8] The development emphasized traditional architecture and site plans to evoke a neotraditional small town feel.[7]

Historic District description

The Cherry Hill Historic District contains buildings facing Cherry Hill and Ridge Roads near their intersection. These include the Cherry Hill House, the only Italianate building in the township, the Gothic Revival Cherry Hill United Methodist Church and associated cemetery, the Cherry Hill School, the Thomas and Maria Blackman Bartlett House, the Thomas and Isabella Moore Clyde House, buildings used for one of Henry Ford's Village Industry projects, and other farmhouses and associated outbuildings in the area.[6]

Canton Fractional School District No. 1 Schoolhouse
Cherry Hill School
Location: Cherry Hill and Ridge Rds., Canton Township, Michigan
Built: 1876[2]
Part of: Cherry Hill Historic District (#03000176)
Designated MSHS: March 16, 1989[9]
Cherry Hill United Methodist Church
Cherry Hill United Methodist Church
Location: Cherry Hill and Ridge Rds., Canton Township, Michigan
Built: 1882[10]
Part of: Cherry Hill Historic District (#03000176)
Designated MSHS: July 29, 2980[10]

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Discover Michigan's Historic Canton Township". Canton Historical Society. http://www.cantonhistoricalsociety.org/. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kosky and Glynn Associates (April, 2000), Historic and Architectural Resources of Canton Township Multiple Property Submission Nomination Form, National Park Service, http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/64500269.pdf 
  4. ^ Silas Farmer (1890), History of Detroit and Wayne County and early Michigan, Volume 2, S. Farmer & co., for Munsell & co., p. 1259, http://books.google.com/books?id=0zbiAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA1259 
  5. ^ Diane Follmer Wilson; Canton Historical Society (1988), Cornerstones: a history of Canton township families, Canton Historical Society, p. 315 
  6. ^ a b c "Cherry Hill Historic District". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/hso/sites/70623.htm. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c Adrienne Schmitz; Urban Land Institute (2004). Residential development handbook. Urban Land Institute. pp. 242–245. ISBN 0874209188. http://books.google.com/books?id=CB9PAAAAMAAJ. 
  8. ^ Darrell Clem (June 13, 2010). "Plans call for more Cherry Hill homes". Observer & Eccentric. http://www.hometownlife.com/article/20100613/NEWS03/6130413. 
  9. ^ "Canton Fractional School District No. 1 Schoolhouse". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/hso/sites/17223.htm. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Cherry Hill United Methodist Church". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/hso/sites/17231.htm. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 

External links


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