- Chu Hongchang
Pinyin: , : Styled ; Posthumous name: (1820? – , 1895)born in Liping County Guizhou, was an eminent Han Chineseofficial, military general,late Qing Dynastyin China. He join the Xiang Armyto fight effectively against the Taiping Rebellionand restored the stability of Qing Dynasty, and was one of nine generals(1 lieutenant General, 5 major generals, 3 Brigadier generals ) lead main forces 60,000 occupied the Nanjingin 1864, commander Zeng Guoquanchoiced Chu is third class merit of recovery Nanjing in nine generals, and reported to Beijing‘s government praised him, but another opinions thought Chu should be the first merit not Li Chenden.
Led first wave offensive
19 Julyafternoon 13：00, the attackers detonated the explosives in the tunnel under Taiping (太平) Gate, the wall breaking fly 2--10 km far down, Chu led 1800 soldiers ran into shout: [Kill(Sa)! Kill(Sa)!....] loudly and combat from there broken wall into city, but KIA460 before 16:00 o‘clock by weak but bravely Taiping remaines use bombs, but Chu‘s troop defeated Taiping till second day at last.
This merit gained the
Imperial yellow jacketfor Chu.
Why first merit not Chu ?
Xiang Army, Chu was not Hunanperson.
2.His family name Chu was same
Ming Dynastyemperor, and Ming first emperor built former capital in Nanjing, Zeng Guoquan had Han Chinese ideologyand not wish lose face for Han(Qing was non-Han).
3.Keep Some secret about Nanjing‘s treasure, so first and second class merit gave and praised knew secret generals.
4.He is too humble to selfish for himself.
5.Zeng‘s brothers feel discontented:
Zeng Guofanappointed Chu follow Zeng Guoquan, but Zeng Guoquan don‘t forgiven eldest brother Zeng Guofanon some degree for elder brother was KIAin Battle of Sanhe, and blame Zeng Guofan‘s generals, included Chu.
In 1876, appointed Chu led army stationary on
Tengchong CountyYunnan built hydraulic engineering.
Come back Nanjing
Zeng Guoquanpromoted Viceroy of Liangjiang, Chu followed Zeng again and came back Nanjing.
Climbing up Dragon's Neck
Someday they date to Climbing up Dragon's Neck(Dibao Castle 地保城, nicknamed Dragon's Neck 龙脖子on Purple Gold (紫金) Mountain) together that battleground memory for too much intense warfare 24 years ago. there were over 25,000
Xiang Army KIAover here among 20 months.
Tears full their eyes when they saw the sight and thought about deaths and wounds bravely. they writed and carved words on stone grave over here diary for this battle history and heros.
After 2 years,
Zeng Guoquanwas dead.
First Sino-Japanese War
Chu led 10,000 army defend
Shanghai, Qing government sight Chu is a trump card. Japanese army and spy knew Chu was commander, fear him and not dare combat from Shanghai. but when Chu knew warfare was loss in Korea, it made old Chu too sadness and die(some historian think was murdered by Japanese spy!), Chu‘s typical military spirit was memorial forever.
* Hummel, Arthur William, ed. "Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912)." 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.
*Porter, Jonathan. "Tseng Kuo-Fan's Private Bureaucracy." Berkeley: University of California, 1972.
*Wright, Mary Clabaugh. "The Last Stand of Chinese Conservatism: The T'ung-Chih Restoration, 1862 -1874." Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1957.
Third Battle of Nanking
* [http://www.asiawind.com/pub/forum/fhakka/mhonarc/msg00537.html Supressor of the Taiping Rebellion: Hakka Zeng Guofan]
*zh icon [http://www.shuku.net/dblx/html/52/1057-2-0.html Tang Haoming's Three-Book Trilogy of Zeng Guofan's life 《曾国荃》]
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