Lucius Mummius Achaicus


Lucius Mummius Achaicus

Lucius Mummius (2nd century BC), was a Roman statesman and general, also known as Leucius Mommius. He later received the agnomen Achaicus after conquering Greece.

Contents

Corinth

In 146 BC, Mummius was appointed to take command of the Achaean War, and having obtained an easy victory over the incapable Diaeus, entered Corinth after a victory over the defending forces. All the men of Corinth were put to the sword, the women and children were sold into slavery, and the statues, paintings and works of art were seized and shipped to Rome. Corinth was then reduced to ashes. However, at least two ancient authors give accounts that suggest Corinth was not completely destroyed.[1] The apparently needless cruelty of Mummius in Corinth, by no means characteristic of him, is explained by Mommsen as due to the instructions of the senate, prompted by the mercantile party, which was eager to dispel a dangerous commercial rival. According to Polybius, Mummius' was unable to resist the pressure of those around him.

Censor

In the subsequent settlement of affairs, Mummius exhibited considerable administrative powers and a high degree of justice and integrity, which gained him the respect of the inhabitants. He especially abstained from offending their religious susceptibilities. On his return to Rome he was honoured with a triumph. In 142 he was censor with Scipio Aemilianus Africanus, whose severity frequently brought him into collision with his more lenient colleague.

Indifference

Mummius was the first novus homo of plebeian origin to receive an agnomen for military services. His indifference to works of art and ignorance of their value is shown by his well-known remark to those who contracted for the shipment of the treasures of Corinth to Rome, that "if they lost or damaged them, they would have to replace them." For the theatrical pageants exhibited by him he erected a theatre with improved acoustical conditions and seats after the Greek model, thus marking a distinct advance in the construction of places of entertainment.

References

  1. ^ Cicero in Tusculanae Quaestiones 3.53, and Dio Cassius 21.


Political offices
Preceded by
Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus and Gaius Livius Drusus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus
146 BC
Succeeded by
Quintus Fabius Maximus Aemilianus and Lucius Hostilius Mancinus

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  • Lucius Mummius — war ein römischer Politiker um die Mitte des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr., der durch die Zerstörung Korinths im Jahre 146 v. Chr., bekannt wurde. Er war Angehöriger der plebejischen gens Mummia und Sohn des Lucius Mummius, der als Volkstribun 187 v.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Achaicus — may refer to one of several people: *Lucius Mummius Achaicus, a 2nd century BCE Roman statesman and general *Achaicus, a Corinthian Christian, who according to the Bible, together with Fortunatus and Stephanas, carried a letter from the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus — Scipion Émilien Pour les articles homonymes, voir Scipions. Scipion Emilien Dynastie Cornelii Scipiones Naissance 185 av. J. C. Rome …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Diaeus — For the genus, see Diaeus (genus) Diaeus of Megalopolis (Διαῖος), was the last general of the Achaean League in Ancient Greece before the League was disbanded by the Romans. He served as the League s general from 150 149 BC and from 148 BC until… …   Wikipedia


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