Sessa Aurunca


Sessa Aurunca

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = SessaAurunca-Stemma.gif
official_name = Comune di Sessa Aurunca
name = Sessa Aurunca| mapx=41.33
mapy=13.95
region = Campania
province = Caserta (CE)
elevation_m = 203
area_total_km2 = 163
population_as_of = December 31, 2004
population_total = 22860
population_density_km2 = 140
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|41|14|N|13|56|E
frazioni = Avezzano e Sorbello, Baia Domizia, Carano di Sessa Aurunca, Piedimonte di Sessa Aurunca
telephone = 0823
postalcode = 81037
gentilic =
saint =
day =
mayor = Luciano Di Meo
website = [http://www.sessaaurunca.net www.sessaaurunca.net]

Sessa Aurunca is a town of Campania, Italy, in the province of Caserta. It located on the south west slope of the extinct volcano of Rocca Monfina, 40 km by rail west north west of Caserta and 30 km east of Formia.

It is situated on the site of the ancient Suessa Aurunca, on a small affluent of the Liri. The hill on which Sessa lies is a mass of volcanic tuff .

History

The ancient chief town of the Aurunci, is believed to have lain over 600 m above the level of the sea, on the narrow south-western edge of the extinct crater of Roccamonfina. Here some remains of Cyclopean masonry exist; but the area enclosed, about 100 m by 50, is too small for anything but a detached fort. It dates more probably from a time prior to Roman supremacy.

In 337 BC the town was abandoned under the pressure of the Sidicini, in favour of the site of the modern Sessa. The new town kept the old name until 313, when a Latin colony under the name Suessa Aurunca was founded here. It was among the towns that had the right of coinage, and it manufactured carts, baskets and others. Cicero speaks of it as a place of some importance. The triumviri settled some of their veterans here, whence it appears as Colonia Julia Felix Classica Suessa. From inscriptions it appears that Matidia the younger, sister-in-law of Hadrian, had property in the district. It was not on a highroad, but on a branch between the Via Appia at Minturnae and the Via Latina crater mentioned.

Main sights

The town contains many ancient remains, notably the ruins of an ancient bridge in brickwork of twenty-one arches, of substructures in opus reticulatum under the church of S. Benedetto, of a building in opus quadratum, supposed to have been a public portico, under the monastery of S. Giovanni, and of an amphitheatre. The Romanesque cathedral is a basilica with a vaulted portico and a nave and two aisles begun in 1103, a mosaic pavement in the Cosmatesque style, a good ambo resting on columns and decorated with mosaics showing traces of Moorish influence, a Paschal candelabrum, and an organ gallery of similar style. The portal has curious sculptures with scenes from the life of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. In the principal streets are memorial stones with inscriptions in honour of Charles V, surmounted by an old crucifix with a mosaic cross. The hills of Sessa are celebrated for their wine.

Transportation

Sessa Aurunca is connected by railway to Naples and Rome.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sessa Aurunca — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sessa Aurunca — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sessa Aurunca — Sessa Aurunca …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sessa-Aurunca — • Diocese in Campania, Province of Caserta (Southern Italy) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sessa Aurunca     Sessa Aurunca      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sessa Aurunca — Sessa Aurunca, Stadt in der ital. Provinz Caserta, Kreis Gaeta, auf einem vulkanischen Hügel an der Eisenbahnlinie Sparanise Gaeta, Bischofssitz, hat römische Reste, eine schöne (später entstellte) romanische Kathedrale mit vorzüglichem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sessa Aurunca — Sessa Aurunca, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Caserta, (1901) 21.844 E., Basilika (12. Jahrh.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sessa Aurunca — Original name in latin Sessa Aurunca Name in other language Sessa Aurunca, Suessa State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 41.24082 latitude 13.93282 altitude 213 Population 22825 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sessa Aurunca — Sp Sèsa Aurùnka Ap Sessa Aurunca L P Italija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Sessa Aurunca — ▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Campania regione, southern Italy, on a lava deposit of the extinct Roccamonfina volcano, north northwest of Naples. The town is on the site of the ancient Suessa Aurunca, the chief city of the Aurunci (an… …   Universalium

  • Sessa Aurunca — Sẹssa Aurụnca,   Stadt in der Provinz Caserta, Italien, in Kampanien, 203 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 23 600 Einwohner; Bischofssitz.   Stadtbild:   Von dem römischen Suẹssa sind Ruinen der Stadtmauer und eines großen Kryptoporticus erhalten… …   Universal-Lexikon


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