Southern Čakavian

Southern Čakavian

Southern Čakavian (Croatian: "južnočakavski dijalekt") or Ikavian Čakavian is one of the dialects of the Čakavian Croatian dialect system.

It is spoken in the area southern of the Middle Čakavian area, in a narrow strip of Croatian Littoral and the neighbouring islands: outskirts of Split and Zadar; Korčula, Pelješac, Brač, Hvar, Vis and Šolta.

Speech of the major Croatian city Split belongs to this dialect, but under the influence of Štokavian immigrants and standard Croatian promoted by the state media, a local idiom developed which lost many of characteristic Čakavian traits, even though a part of older population retains Čakavian dialect in their speech.

Lots of speeches of this dialect mix Čakavian and Štokavian features. It is assumed that in the past this dialect covered larger territory in the hinterland, being gradually suppressed by constant migrations who carried Štokavian speech at its cost.

Common Slavic yat phonome had a reflex of /i/ in this dialect. Thus we have "lip", "divojka", "mriža", as opposed to standard Neoštokavian croatian "lijȇp", "djèvōjka", "mrȅža", all descending from earlier Proto-West-South-Slavic forms *lěpъ, *děvojka, *mrěža.

Molise Croatian dialect also belongs to this dialect, which is organically Western Štokavian with Ikavian reflex of yat but with massive Čakavian adstratum.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Middle Čakavian — (Croatian: srednječakavski dijalekt) is one of the dialects of the Čakavian Croatian dialect system. It is spoken on the territory lying between the Northern Čakavian and Southern Čakavian dialect: it covers the islands of Dugi otok, Kornati,… …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Čakavian — (Croatian: sjevernočakavski dijalekt) is one of the dialects of the Čakavian Croatian dialect system. It is spoken in the area northern of the Middle Čakavian area: eastern Istria, outskirts of Žminj and Pazin, Croatian Littoral up to Bakar, on… …   Wikipedia

  • Chakavian dialect — Chakavian čakavica Pronunciation Spoken in Croatia Native speakers 660,000 (2001) Language famil …   Wikipedia

  • South Slavic languages — South Slavic Geographic distribution: Eastern Europe Linguistic classification: Indo European …   Wikipedia

  • Shtokavian dialect — Shtokavian štokavica Pronunciation Spoken in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Romania, Hungary …   Wikipedia

  • Dalmatian language — This article is about the extinct Romance language. For the language of modern region of Dalmatia see Croatian language. For other uses, see Dalmatian. Dalmatian Spoken in Croatia, Montenegro Region Adriatic coast Extinct 10 June …   Wikipedia

  • Kajkavian dialect — Croatian Kajkavian dialect (Croatian: kajkavski , proper name: kajkavica or kajkavština ) is one of the three main dialects of the Croatian language. The name of the dialect, like those of its correspondents, Štokavian and Čakavian, is named… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbo-Croatian — srpskohrvatski, hrvatskosrpski српскохрватски, хрватскосрпски Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Buzet dialect — (Croatian: buzetski dijalekt ) is a Čakavian Croatian dialect spoken in the southern Istria, in the area around Buzet.Dialect is transitional to Slovenian and Kajkavian dialects. Some consider him a part of Kajkavian dialect area, and in the past …   Wikipedia

  • Croatian-language grammar books — This article lists books relevant to the study of Croatian grammar. The enumerated grammar books give description and prescription of Croatian language as it evolved throughout history. Croatian grammars before the 20th century Year Author Work… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.