Sierra Nevada (Spain)


Sierra Nevada (Spain)

Geobox|Range
name=Sierra Nevada


image_caption=Sierra Nevada general view from the West
country=Spain
region_type=Communities
region=Andalusia
unit= |border=
area= | length= | length_orientation=
width= | width_orientation=
highest=Mulhacén
highest_elevation=3478
highest_lat_d=37|highest_lat_m=03|highest_lat_s=12|highest_lat_NS=N
highest_long_d=03|highest_long_m=18|highest_long_s=41|highest_long_EW=E
geology= |period=Tertiary| orogeny=Alpine



map_caption=Situation of Sierra Nevada in the Iberian Peninsula

The Sierra Nevada, meaning "snowy range" in Spanish, is a mountain range in the region of Andalusia in Spain. It contains the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at convert|3479|m|ft|0.

It is a popular tourist destination, as its high peaks make skiing possible in Europe's most southern ski resort in an area along the Mediterranean Sea predominantly known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. At its foothills is found the city of Granada and, a little farther, Málaga and Almería.

Parts of the range have been included in the Sierra Nevada National Park. The range has also been declared a biosphere reserve. The Sierra Nevada Observatory is located on the northern slopes at 2800 m.

Formation

The Sierra Nevada were formed during the Alpine Orogeny, a mountain-building event that also formed the European Alps to the east and the Atlas Mountains of northern Africa across the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Sierra as observed today formed during the Tertiary Period (65 to 1.8 million years ago) from the collision of the African and Eurasian continental plates.

Geography

Central to the mountain range is a ridge running broadly west-south-west - east-north-east. For a substantial distance, the watershed stays consistently above 3000m in altitude.

On the southern side of the range, several long but narrow river valleys lead off towards the south-west, separated by a number of subsidiary ridges.

On the steeper and craggier northern side, the valleys have less regular orientations. This side is dominated by the Rio Genil which starts near Mulhacén and into which many of the other rivers flow.

Highest peaks

* Mulhacén
* Veleta
* Alcazaba

port

*Sierra Nevada Ski Resort

See also

* Alpujarras
* Geography of Spain

External links

* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Granada,+Spain&ll=37.058465,-3.183975&spn=0.395104,0.726677&t=h&hl=en Google Maps Satellite Photo]
* [http://www.maps.data-spain.com/autonomous_communities/andalucia/ Maps of the Sierra Nevada]
* [http://www.nevasport.com/nevablogs/d/la-xvii-semana-deportiva-en-sierra-nevada/1402 XVII sport week -Old Pictures -]
* [http://www.cetursa.com/ Sierra Nevada Official Website (In Spanish)]
*es [http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/medioambiente/servtc5/ventana/mostrarFicha.do?idEspacio=7418 Natural Park Sierra Nevada]
* [http://www.costatropicalnews.com English language magazine for the region]

References

*cite web | url=http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=17169 | title=Sierra Nevada, Spain | publisher=NASA Earth Observatory | accessdate=2006-04-28
* [http://www.costatropicalnews.com English language magazine for the region]

Bibliography

* Francisco Pérez Raya, Joaquín Molero Mesa, Francisco Valle Tendero, 1992: "Parque Natural de Sierra Nevada. Paisaje, fauna, flora, itinerarios". Ed. Rueda. Madrid. ISBN 84-7207-067-0 (Spanish)
* "Flora de la Tundra de Sierra Nevada". Pablo Prieto Fernández, Ed. Universidad de Granada. ISBN ISBN 84-600-1810-5 (Spanish)
* "Sierra Nevada: Guía de Montaña". Aurelio del Castillo y Antonio del Castillo. Ed. Penibética, 2003. ISBN 84-932022-3-1 (Spanish)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sierra Nevada — in Spanish means snow covered mountain range ( sierra literally means saw). It may refer to any of the following:* mountain ranges: ** Sierra Nevada (Spain) ** Sierra Nevada de Lagunas Bravas, a volcanic complex in Chile and Argentina ** Sierra… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra Nevada (España) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Sierra Nevada (desambiguación). Sierra Nevada Sierra Nevada desde la Vega de Granada, 29 de enero de 2006 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sierra nevada (station de ski) — Sierra Nevada Station de Sierra Nevada Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra Nevada (station de ski) — Sierra Nevada Station de Sierra Nevada Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sierra Nevada — Sierra Ne|va|da 1.) the Sierra Nevada also the Sierras a mountain ↑range in California 2.) a mountain ↑range in southern Spain …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Sierra Nevada — /see er euh neuh vad euh, vah deuh/; for 2 also Sp. /syerdd rddah ne vah dhah/. 1. a mountain range in E California. Highest peak, Mt. Whitney, 14,495 ft. (4420 m). 2. a mountain range in S Spain. Highest peak, Mulhacén, 11,420 ft. (3480 m). * *… …   Universalium

  • Sierra Nevada National Park (Spain) — The Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada (known as the Sierra Nevada National Park in English) is located in the Granada and Almería provinces (SE Spain). It stretches from Alpujarra to the Marquesado and the Lecrin Valley. Some of the mountain peaks… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra Nevada — noun 1. a mountain range in southern Spain along the Mediterranean coast to the east of Granada • Instance Hypernyms: ↑range, ↑mountain range, ↑range of mountains, ↑chain, ↑mountain chain, ↑chain of mountains • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sierra Nevada Observatory — The Observatorio de Sierra Nevada (Sierra Nevada Observatory, OSN) is located at Loma de Dilar (2896 m altitude) in the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in the province of Granada, established in 1981. It is operated and maintained by the Instituto… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra Nevada National Park — There are at least two national parks named Sierra Nevada:* Sierra Nevada National Park (Spain) in the autonomous community of Andalusia * Sierra Nevada National Park (Venezuela) in the states of Mérida and Barinas …   Wikipedia


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