- Dolores Huerta
Dolores Huerta at the University of Chicago, 2009.
Born April 10, 1930
Dawson, New Mexico
Occupation Labor leader
Her parents divorced when she was three years old. Her mother, Alicia Chavez, raised Dolores, along with her two brothers, and two sisters, in the central San Joaquin Valley farm worker community of Stockton, California. Her mother was a businesswoman who owned a restaurant and a 70-room hotel that often took in farm worker families for free.
Career as organizer
In 1955, Huerta co-founded the Stockton chapter of the Community Service Organization, and in 1960 co-founded the Agricultural Workers Association. In 1962, she co-founded the National Farm Workers Association with César Chávez, which would later become the Unit's Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee. In 1966, she negotiated a contract between the UFWOC and Schenley Wine Company, marking the first time that farm workers were able to successfully call effectively bargain with an agricultural enterprise.
In 1965 Huerta directed the UFW’s national grape boycott, taking the plight of the farm workers to the consumers. The boycott resulted in the entire California table grape industry signing a three-year collective bargaining agreement with the United Farm Workers in 1970.
She has been highly politically active, lobbying in favor of (and against) numerous California and federal laws. The laws that she supported included:
- A 1960 bill to permit people to take the California driver's examination in Spanish
- 1962 legislation repealing the Bracero Program
- 1963 legislation to extend Aid to Families with Dependent Children to California farmworkers
- The 1975 California Agricultural Labor Relations Act
As an advocate for farmworkers' rights, Huerta has been arrested twenty-two times for participating in non-violent civil disobedience activities and strikes. She remains active in progressive causes, and serves on the boards of For the American Way, Consumer Federation of California, and Feminist Majority Foundation.
On June 5, 1968, Huerta stood beside Robert F. Kennedy on a speaker's platform at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles as he delivered a victory statement to his political supporters shortly after winning the California Democratic presidential primary election. Only moments after the candidate finished his speech, Huerta was a safe distance behind Kennedy as he and five other people were wounded by gunfire inside the hotel's kitchen pantry. Only 15 minutes before the shooting, Huerta had walked through that pantry alongside the U.S. Senator from New York while Kennedy was on his way to deliver his victory speech. Kennedy died from his gunshot wounds on June 6.
In September 1988 in front of the Sir Francis Drake Hotel, Huerta was severely beaten by San Francisco Police officers during a peaceful and lawful protest of the policies/platform of then-candidate for president George H.W. Bush. The baton-beating caused significant internal injuries to her torso, resulting in several broken ribs and necessitating the removal of her spleen in emergency surgery. The beating was caught on videotape and broadcast widely on local television news, including the clear ramming of the butt end of a baton into Huerta's torso by one of the helmeted officers. Later, Huerta won a large judgment against the SFPD and the City of San Francisco, the proceeds of which were used in benefit of farm workers. The assault is credited with starting yet another movement to change SFPD crowd control policies, as well as the manner in which officer discipline is handled.
In recognition of her achievements, she received an honorary degree from Princeton University in May 2006. She was lauded in the ceremony: "Through her insatiable hunger of justice —La Causa— and her tireless advocacy, she has devoted her life to creative, compassionate, and committed citizenship".
She is the President of the Dolores Huerta foundation. The Dolores Huerta Foundation is a 501(c)(3) "non-profit organization whose mission is to build active communities working for fair and equal access to health care, housing, education, jobs, civic participation and economic resources for disadvantaged communities with an emphasis on women and youth."
In December 2008, Huerta was recognized by United Neighborhood Centers of America with its highest individual honor, the Jane Addams Distinguished Leadership Award at its National Policy Summit in Washington, DC. Her recent pro-choice activities have resulted in criticism from Catholic Latinos in the Central Valley. 
She currently serves on the Board of Directors of Equality California . On June 12, 2009, Huerta was awarded the UCLA Medal, UCLA's highest honor, during the UCLA College of Letters and Science commencement ceremony.
Pitzer College, in Claremont, California, named one of its student centers the Huerta Learning Circle Room in honor of the organizer.
Huerta had a long term romantic relationship with Richard Chavez, the brother of Cesar Chavez. Huerta and Chavez never married, but the couple had four children during their relationship. Richard Chavez died on July 27, 2011. Huerta has been married and divorced twice, and has eleven children.
- ^ García, Mario T. (2008). García. ed. A Dolores Huerta Reader. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-8263-4513-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=1FcyOOHKevAC&dq=subject:%22Huerta,+Dolores%22. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- ^ a b Biography.com. "Dolores Huerta". http://www.biography.com/articles/Dolores-Huerta-188850. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- ^ "Dolores Huerta Biography". Dhuerta.hostcentric.com. 1930-04-10. http://dhuerta.hostcentric.com/dh_bio.htm. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ "La Voz de Aztlan - Volume I Issue 6". Aztlan.net. http://www.aztlan.net/default7.htm. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ Community of Christ International Peace Award, Two Recipients Share This Year's Award , webpage, retrieved August 3, 2007
- ^ "Dolores Huerta Foundation". Doloreshuerta.org. http://www.doloreshuerta.org. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ "Kappa Delta Chi National - Honorary Members". Kappadeltachi.org. http://www.kappadeltachi.org/index.php/About-KDChi/Honorary-Members.html. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ Human Rights Leader Dolores Huerta Endorses Clinton, May 18, 2007, Clinton campaign news release.
- ^ "2008 Democratic National Convention: Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Dolores Huerta, Civil Rights Leader". Prnewswire.com. 2008-08-27. http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/08-27-2008/0004874758&EDATE=. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ "California Catholic Daily - “I’m paying for a Catholic education and that’s what I expect to get”". Calcatholic.com. http://www.calcatholic.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?id=1ae4e900-ba0b-44ef-ad83-3c4207e0fe4f. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- ^ Elizabeth Kivowitz Boatright-Simon, UCLA's main commencement ceremony, UCLA Newsroom, June 10, 2009
- ^ a b c Quinones, Sam (2011-07-28). "Richard Chavez dies at 81; brother of Cesar Chavez (He helped Cesar Chavez build the United Farm Workers into a political and agricultural force. He organized the California grape boycott in the late 1960s.)". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/obituaries/la-me-richard-chavez-20110728,0,3713759.story. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
- Amsler, T.R. (2007 Summer). 'Si, Se Puede': Hayward teachers gain concessions and a valuable ally. Rethinking Schools, 21(4), 11.
- Felner, J. (Jan/Feb 1998). Dolores Huerta. Ms, 8(4), 48-49.
- Huerta, D. (Spring 2007). One more child left behind . Ms, 17(2), 79.
- Perez, F (1996). Dolores Huerta. Austin, TX: Raintree.
- Rose, M. (2004). Dolores Huerta: The United Farm Workers Union. In Arnesen, E (Ed.). Human tradition in American labor history. (pp. 211–229). Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc.
- Rosenburg, R. (Editor & Director). (1996). Women of hope [Videocassette]. Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities.
- Schiff, K.G. (2005). Lighting the way: Nine women who changed modern America. New York, NY: Hyperion.
- Telles, R & Tejada-Flores, R. (Directors). (1997). Fight in the fields [videocassette]. San Francisco, CA: Paradigm Productions.
- Vogel, N. (2005, Sept. 7). Legislature OKs gay marriage; Assembly action sends the bill to the governor, who has signaled that he will veto the measure. Los Angeles Times, p. A1.
- Dolores Huerta Foundation
- Dolores Huerta Celebrates 80th Birthday with Call for "Weaving Movements Together" - video report by Democracy Now!
- Biography at Las Culturas
Chicano and Mexican American topics Terms Pre-Chicano Movement Chicano Movement Supreme Court cases Culture ListsCategory:Mexican Americans · Category:Mexican-American organizations
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dolores Huerta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dolores Huerta Nacim … Wikipedia Español
Dolores Huerta — Dolores C. Huerta (* 10. April 1930 Dawson, New Mexico) war Mitbegründerin und Erste Vizepräsidentin der Vereinigten Landarbeiter von Amerika, en:United Farm Workers (UFW), AFL CIO . Biografie Ihre Eltern ließen sich scheiden, als sie drei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Huerta (disambiguation) — Huerta, from huerta (Spanish orchard or garden), is also a Spanish toponym and surname.Places named Huerta include: * Huerta, Salamanca, a town in Spain * the Cistercian abbey of Huerta, also in SpainPeople with the surname Huerta include: *… … Wikipedia
Huerta — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolfo de la Huerta (1881–1955), mexikanischer Politiker und 1920 Präsident von Mexiko Cris Huerta (1935–2006), portugiesischer Schauspieler Dolores Huerta (* 1930), US amerikanische Gewerkschaftlerin,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dolores (given name) — Dolores Nuestra Señora de los Dolores. El Viso del Alcor (Seville, Spain) Pronunciation doh LOR iss Gender Female … Wikipedia
Dolores, Alicante — Dolores Municipality Coat of arms … Wikipedia
Dolores Damián Flores — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dolores Damián Flores General Dolores Damián Flores General Años de servicio 11 años … Wikipedia Español
Huerta, Dolores — ▪ American labour leader and activist née Dolores Fernández born April 10, 1930, Dawson, N.M., U.S. American labour leader and activist whose work on behalf of migrant farmworkers led to the establishment of the United Farm Workers of… … Universalium
María de los Dolores de Borbón-Dos Sicilias — y Orleans Princesa de las Dos Sicilias, Princesa de la Casa de Borbón con las mismas dignidades y honores que los infantes de España (concesión de Alfonso XIII al nacer). María de los Dolores con su primer esposo, y su primogénito, Adam Karol … Wikipedia Español
Los Dolores de Beniaján — Los Dolores Bandera … Wikipedia Español