…And Justice for All (album)


…And Justice for All (album)

Infobox Album
Name = …And Justice for All
Type = studio
Artist = Metallica


Released = August 25, 1988 [http://www.metallica.com/Media/Albums/albums.asp?album_id=5 Metallica.com - ...and Justice for All]
Recorded = January–May 1988 at "One On One" Studios in Los Angeles, California [ [http://www.vh1.com/artists/interview/1473275/06252003/metallica.jhtmlHetfield interview mentioning One on One studios.] ]
Length = 65:34
Label = Elektra
Producer = Metallica with Flemming Rasmussen
Reviews =
*Allmusic rating|4.5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:o6j4eae04xu7 link]
*Robert Christgau C+ [http://www.robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?name=metallica link]
*"Kerrang!" rating|5|5
*"Metal Hammer" rating|10|10
*"Rolling Stone" rating|4|5 [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/metallica/albums/album/111633/rid/5943099/ link]
*"Q" rating|5|5
Last album = "Master of Puppets"
(1986)
This album = "…And Justice for All"
(1988)
Next album = "Metallica"
(1991)

"…And Justice for All" is the fourth studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica. Elektra Records released the album on August 25, 1988. This is the first Metallica studio album to feature bassist Jason Newsted, since it is the first after the tragic death of the former bassist Cliff Burton.

The album's dark subject material, featuring references to nuclear apocalypse, injustice in the law system, limited freedom, war, insanity and hate, is accompanied by the most complex song structures to this date in Metallica's discography. The album is also noted for its near lack of bass guitar and dry production and therefore has been called a "slightly flawed masterpiece and the pinnacle of Metallica's progressive years" by allmusic.com's reviewer. cite web |title= ...And Justice for All |publisher=allmusic.com |url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:f9foxqq5ldte |accessdate=2008-02-23 ]

The front cover depicts the statue of Lady Justice cracked and bound by ropes, with both of her scales filled with dollars and both of her breasts exposed. The words "…And Justice for All" are written in graffiti to the right. The cover is made by Stephen Gorman after a concept by James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich. ["...And Justice for All" CD cover booklet.]

The album has sold over 8 million copies in the US alone according to the RIAA and was the best selling Metallica record upon its release. Metallica released four singles from "…And Justice for All", "Eye of the Beholder", "Harvester of Sorrow", "…And Justice for All" and "One".

Production

Recording

The production of the album is noted for its unusual, and at times "one-dimensional", post-production mix. The quality of the album's sound has been described as "cold", "thin" and "flat", due in part to the way the instruments were recorded. The bass drums don't "thud" so much as "click", while the guitars "buzz thinly". cite web |title= ...And Justice for All |publisher=allmusic.com |url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:f9foxqq5ldte |accessdate=2008-02-23 ] And, in one of the more famous of Hetfield and Ulrich's controversies with bassist Jason Newsted, the album's production almost completely lacks identifiable bass in most songs. This has been attributed to various reasons, such as Newsted's doubling of Hetfield's guitar parts, cite web |title= JASON NEWSTED, FORMER METALLICA BASSIST, TO FORM SUPERNOVA ON ROCKSTAR: SUPERNOVA! |publisher=rockstargohome.com |url=http://www.rockstargohome.com/rock-star-jason-newsted-supernova-metallica-bass.php |accessdate=2008-02-29 ] his absence from the mixing sessions (where he might have asserted his opinion) and the lingering issue of his "newness" within the band following the tragic death of Cliff Burton in September 1986. As said by the band in their magazine "SO WHAT!", they wish that they could re-mix the entire album because the drums and guitar overpower the bass completely. Fact|date=July 2008 The album was released on two LPs at the usual single-LP price, since the band thought that putting the album on a single record would have diminished its fidelity. cite web |title= ...And Justice for All: Metallica :Review |publisher=rollingstone.com |url=http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/album/111633/review/5943099/andjusticeforall |accessdate=2008-02-28 ]

Lyrical themes

The lyrics on "…And Justice for All" discuss politics and social issues; however, lyricist James Hetfield is more direct than ever before in his views. At the same time, and despite Hetfield's aggressive singing style, the lyrics refrain from overt confrontation or ringing calls for revolutionary change. Instead, as drummer Lars Ulrich explained it, the ideas expressed in the lyrics merely represented "interests" [ Richard Harrington, "Metallica’s Platinum Overdrive: The Band and Its High-Decibel Departure From the Heavy Metal Mind-Set," "The Washington Post", Thursday, 9 March 1989, Style section, p. C1.] of the band, and were meant largely to be "documentary" [Phil Nicholls, "The Terminator Race," "Melody Maker", Vol. 64 no. 35 (27 July 1988), pp. 36. ] in nature. Important themes in the songs include destruction of Earth in "Blackened", injustice in the law system in "…And Justice for All", limited freedom in "Eye of the Beholder", war and locked-in syndrome in "One", cheating and lieing in "The Shortest Straw", insanity in "Harvester of Sorrow" and "The Frayed Ends of Sanity", the death of Cliff Burton in "To Live Is to Die" and hate in "Dyers Eve".

Connections with other Metallica albums

The album continues the trends set by the previous albums "Ride the Lightning" and "Master of Puppets" by having a fast paced, striking song with a melodic, slow intro as the first track, the title track as the second track, a slower, heavier track as the third track, a heavy metal ballad as the fourth track, a fast-paced track as the fifth track, a track slower than the fifth track as the sixth track, and an instrumental or mostly instrumental track as well as a fast, heavy song as the final tracks. However, in the case of this album, a song is added onto the structure ("The Frayed Ends of Sanity"). [cite web|url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:f9foxqq5ldte|title = Song pacing|accessdate=2008-09-18]

It has been noted by several people that the complexity of the songs on "…And Justice for All" was a direct reason for the more simple structures on Metallica's next album, The Black Album. [cite web|url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:g9foxqq5ldte|title = Allmusic.com's review of The Black Album|accessdate=2008-09-18] Allmusic.com's reviewer Steve Huey also pointed out that "…And Justice for All's" unusual production may have led Metallica to a more "professional" producer, Bob Rock. It can be said that "…And Justice for All" marked the end of Metallica's thrash metal period, at least until their newest album, "Death Magnetic", which again has some thrash elements.

Critical response

"...And Justice for All" was Metallica's breakthrough album and reached #6 in the Billboard charts. cite web |title=...And Justice For All |publisher=Billboard.com |url=http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/discography/index.jsp?pid=5199&aid=11548 |accessdate=2008-01-04 ] Though it would soon be over-shadowed commercially by the band's following album (1991's "Metallica"), this album nevertheless confirmed Metallica's large-scale arena status.

The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance in 1989, but with much controversy, it lost to Jethro Tull's "Crest of a Knave". In 2007, the win was named one of the 10 biggest upsets in Grammy history by "Entertainment Weekly". [cite web | author= | year=2007| title="Grammy's 10 Biggest Upsets" | format=http | work=EW.com | url=http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,1567466_20010834_20010795_0,00.html | accessdate=February 13 | accessyear=2007]

In 1990, "One" received the first-ever Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance, as well as being Metallica's first Grammy Award. cite web |title=Grammy Awards:Best Metal Performance |publisher=rockonthenet.com |url=http://www.rockonthenet.com/grammy/metal.htm |accessdate=2008-01-04 ]

The guitar solo of "One" was ranked #7 in Guitar World's compilation of the [http://guitar.about.com/library/bl100greatest.htm 100 Greatest Guitar Solos of all time] .

The album was ranked at number nine in IGN's Top 25 Metal Albums. [ [http://music.ign.com/articles/755/755929p5.html IGN Advertisement ] ]

Metallica released their first music video for "One", after years of resisting pressure to release videos for their tracks cite web |title=Metallica Timeline September 1988 |publisher=rockonthenet.com |url=http://www.rockonthenet.com/artists-m/metallica_main.htm |accessdate=2008-02-23 ] . The video incited controversy among their fans, who had valued the band's apparent opposition to MTV and other forms of mainstream commercial metal. "One" entered the Top 40 on March 25, 1989 at #35. cite web |title=The ARC Weekly Top 40 Archives, March 25, 1989 |publisher=rockonthenet.com |url=http://www.rockonthenet.com/archive/1989/03-25.htm |accessdate=2008-02-23 ]

Live performances

Hammett noted the length of the songs being problematic for fans and the band. "Touring behind it, we realized that the general consensus was that songs were too fucking long," he said. "One day after we played 'Justice' and got off the stage one of us said, 'we're never fucking playing that song again.'" cite web |title= The Black Album James, Kirk, Lars |publisher=metallicaworld.co.uk |url=http://www.metallicaworld.co.uk/Interviews/black_album_1991.htm |accessdate=2008-02-23]

In spite of this, the song "One" quickly gained a permanent fixture in the band's live playlist since the release of the album cite web |title= Metlists, Inc. - One |publisher=metlists.com |url=http://metlists.com/songs/one.htm |accessdate=2008-01-31] . The only other song off of "…And Justice For All" that has come close to this is "Harvester of Sorrow," a song that was played live heavily after the album's release but has only begun to be played again recently.

16 years after "Dyers Eve" was recorded, on March 5, 2004, the band performed the song in its entirety for the first time ever on the Madly in Anger with the World Tour, at the Great Western Forum in Los Angeles, California cite web |title= March 5th, 2004; Great Westen Forum, Los Angeles, California, POR|publisher=livemetallica.com |url=http://www.livemetallica.com/live-music/0,3/Metallica-mp3-flac-download-3-5-2004-The-Forum-Los-Angeles-CA.html |accessdate=2008-03-01] .

On June 28, 2007, Metallica played the title track for the first time since October 1989, in Lisbon on the first show of their Sick of the Studio '07 tour cite web |title= June 28, 2007; Super Bock Super Rock Festival, Lisbon, POR|publisher=livemetallica.com |url=http://www.livemetallica.com/live-music/0,153/Metallica-mp3-flac-download-6-28-2007-Super-Bock-Super-Rock-Festival-Lisbon-POR.html |accessdate=2008-03-01] and made it a set-fixture for the remainder of that routing. In 2008, "...And Justice for All" was played again during their 2008 Tour.

To date, "The Frayed Ends of Sanity" and "To Live Is to Die" remain the only songs from the album that have never been performed live in their entirety. Instead, the band played segments of them during solos or impromptu jams.

Along with "Dyers Eve", "To Live Is to Die" is one of the most demanded songs to be played live of Metallica's catalogue, it is unknown if Metallica will play this song live, due to the song being made up of deceased bassist Cliff Burton's final riff tapes.

Personnel

*James Hetfield – lead vocals, rhythm guitar
*Lars Ulrich – drums, percussion
*Kirk Hammett – lead guitar
*Jason Newsted – bass guitar, backing vocals

*Flemming Rasmussen - producer

Track listing

tracklist
lyrics_credits = yes
music_credits = yes
title1 = Blackened
lyrics1 = James Hetfield
music1 = Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Jason Newsted
length1 = 6:41
title2 = …And Justice for All
lyrics2 = Hetfield
music2 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Kirk Hammett
length2 = 9:47
title3 = Eye of the Beholder
lyrics3 = Hetfield
music3 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett
length3 = 6:30
title4 = One
lyrics4 = Hetfield
music4 = Hetfield, Ulrich
length4 = 7:28
title5 = The Shortest Straw
lyrics5 = Hetfield
music5 = Hetfield, Ulrich
length5 = 6:36
title6 = Harvester of Sorrow
lyrics6 = Hetfield
music6 = Hetfield, Ulrich
length6 = 5:46
title7 = The Frayed Ends of Sanity
lyrics7 = Hetfield
music7 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett
length7 = 7:44
title8 = To Live Is to Die
lyrics8 = Cliff Burton
music8 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton
length8 = 9:49
title9 = Dyers Eve
lyrics9 = Hetfield
music9 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett
length9 = 5:13

tracklist
headline = Bonus tracks (iTunes and Amazon MP3)
lyrics_credits = yes
music_credits = yes
title10 = One
note10 = Live Version
lyrics10 = Hetfield
music10 = Hetfield, Ulrich
length10 = 7:59
title11 = …And Justice For All
note11 = Live version
lyrics11 = Hetfield
music11 = Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett
length11 = 10:05

tracklist
headline = Bonus track (Japanese edition)
writing_credits = yes
title10 = The Prince
note10 = Diamond Head cover
writer10 = Sean Harris, Brian Tatler
length10 = 4:26

"The Prince" was also released on the "Harvester of Sorrow" CD single, and later on the "Garage Inc." covers album.

ingles

*" Eye of the Beholder" - 1988
*"…And Justice for All" - 1988
*"Harvester of Sorrow" - 1988 (UK)
*"One" - 1989

Charting positions

Album

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ...And Justice for All (álbum) — And Justice for All Álbum de Metallica Publicación 25 de agosto de 1988 Grabación Enero Mayo de 1988 en One On One Studios, California[1] …   Wikipedia Español

  • ...And Justice for All (album) — And Justice for All Studio album by Metallica Released …   Wikipedia

  • ...And Justice For All —  Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ...and justice for all —  Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • And Justice For All —  Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • And Justice for All —  Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • And justice for all (chanson) — And Justice for All  Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • …And Justice for All — may refer to:* The last four words of the Pledge of Allegiance, an oath of loyalty to the country and flag of the United States of America * …And Justice for All (film), a 1979 film by Norman Jewison * …And Justice for All (album), a 1988 album… …   Wikipedia

  • ...And Justice for All — se puede referir a: ...And Justice for All (película), una película de 1979 dirigida por Norman Jewison y protagonizada por Al Pacino. ...And Justice for All (álbum), un álbum de Metallica de 1988. ...And Justice for All (canción) …   Wikipedia Español

  • ...And Justice for All — Pour le film de Norman Jewison avec Al Pacino, voir Justice pour tous. ...And Justice for All Album par Metallica Sortie 25 août 1988 …   Wikipédia en Français


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