Mesopotamia, Argentina


Mesopotamia, Argentina
The Mespotamia shown in light green, and the Litoral, showed in light and dark green.
Regions of
Argentine Northwest
Gran Chaco
Mesopotamia
Cuyo
Pampas
Patagonia
Antártida Argentina
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La Mesopotamia, Región Mesopotámica is the humid and verdant area of north-east Argentina, comprising the provinces of Misiones, Entre Ríos and Corrientes. The region called Litoral (Spanish for littoral) consists of the Mesopotamia and the provinces of Chaco, Formosa and Santa Fe. The landscape and its characteristics are dominated by two rivers, the Paraná River and the Uruguay River. This area is also a distinct physiographic province of the larger Paraná-Paraguay Plain division.

The long parallel courses of the two rivers, and the verdant areas between them, drove comparisons to the region in modern-day Iraq called Mesopotamia (Greek: Μεσοποταμία "land between rivers"), from which the Argentine region draws its name. Parts of the neighboring provinces of Formosa, Chaco and Santa Fe share Mesopotamia's features, as do the neighboring regions of nearby Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Mesopotamia has some of the most popular tourist attractions in Argentina, mainly the Iguazú Falls, the Iguazú National Park and the Jesuit monasteries in Misiones. The Iberá Wetlands in Corrientes are an extensive area of flooded forest similar to Brazil's Pantanal.

The region is part of the Brazilian central plateau. The whole region has high rainfall, particularly in August and September, up to 2,000 mm annually. Misiones, in the northern part of Mesopotamia, is largely covered by subtropical forest, with caiman, toucans and monkeys. Fast decomposition of organic matter gives the area a red soil with only a thin fertile layer that can easily be washed away. Corrientes is marshy and wooded, with low hills. Entre Ríos is covered with fertile pasture land stretching into Uruguay.

The flora of Mesopotamia includes the yatay palm (Syagrus yatay, Butia yatay), which is a protected species in the El Palmar National Park, and the Araucaria angustifolia (Paraná pine tree). Tree ferns, orchids and large trees can also be found.

Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) is grown largely in Mesopotamia; 1,800 square kilometres of Misiones are devoted to its production. The region is also important for cattle and sheep, poultry, linseed, tobacco, citrus and rice.

Gualeguaychú in Entre Ríos is popular for its carnival at the beginning of Lent. Corrientes is also known for its carnival celebrations and is a centre of music and festivals generally: the chamamé music style has recently seen a resurgence in popularity.

San Roque Gonzalez Bridge, linking Posadas, Argentina and Encarnación, Paraguay

References



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  • Mesopotamia argentina — Para otros usos de este término, véase Mesopotamia. Ubicación de la Mesopotamia argentina La Mesopotamia (del griego meso: medio y potamos: río) es una región geográfica de la República Argentina que abarca las provincias de Misiones, Corrientes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mesopotamia (Argentina) — La Mesopotamia es una de las regiones geográficas en que se divide la República Argentina. También se la llama Litoral. Comprende las provincias de Misiones, Corrientes y Entre Ríos. Se encuentra delimitada por los ríos Paraná, Uruguay, Iguazú,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mesopotamia Argentina — ► Región de Argentina comprendida entre los ríos Paraná, Iguazú y Uruguay. Comprende las prov. de Entre Ríos, Corrientes y Misiones; 196 781 km2 y 2 382 000 h. Mate (su principal riqueza), té, cereales, arroz y cítricos. Ganadería vacuna.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mesopotamia argentina — Mesopotạmia argentina   [ arxen tina], Bezeichnung für das Zwischenstromland in Argentinien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mesopotamia (disambiguation) — Mesopotamia may refer to: historical Mesopotamia, the region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in ancient history geographically, the Tigris Euphrates river system Upper Mesopotamia Lower Mesopotamia Mesopotamia (Roman province), a Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Argentina — Para otros usos de este término, véase Argentina (desambiguación). «Argentino» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Argentino (desambiguación). «Argentinos» redirige aquí. Para el club de fútbol, véase Argentinos Juniors …   Wikipedia Español

  • Argentina — /ahr jeuhn tee neuh/; Sp. /ahrdd hen tee nah/, n. a republic in S South America. 35,797,536; 1,084,120 sq. mi. (2,807,870 sq. km). Cap.: Buenos Aires. Also called the Argentine. Official name, Argentine Republic. * * * Argentina Introduction… …   Universalium

  • Mesopotamia (desambiguación) — El término Mesopotamia puede referirse a: Historia y geografía histórica Mesopotamia, la región histórica de Oriente Medio. Alta Mesopotamia, subdivisión de la región histórica coincidente, principalmente, con la influencia de la antigua Asiria.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mesopotamia — Mesopotamian, adj., n. /mes euh peuh tay mee euh/, n. an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq. * * * Region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East, constituting the greater part of …   Universalium

  • Argentina — Argentine Pour les articles homonymes, voir Argentine (homonymie). « Argentina » redirige ici. Pour le genre de poisson, voir Argentina (genre) …   Wikipédia en Français


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