Laconia


Laconia

:"For the Laconian dialect, see Doric Greek":"For the Ancient Kingdom, see Sparta":"For the laconic expression see Laconic"

Infobox Pref GR
name = Laconia
name_local = Νομός Λακωνίας


periph = Peloponnese
capital = Sparti
population = 100,871
population_as_of = 2005
pop_rank = 37th
pop_dens = 27.7
popdens_rank = 50th
area = 3,636
area_rank = 10th
postal_code = 23x xx
area_code = 273x0
licence = ΑΚ
provinces = 4
municip = 20
commun = 2
ISO = GR-16
website =

Laconia ("polytonic|Λακωνία"), also known as Lacedaemonia, is a prefecture in Greece. Laconia has the legal status of a prefecture, with Sparti (Sparta) its administrative capital. Its main towns and cities are Amyclae, Areopolis, Gytheion, Molaoi, Monemvasia, Mystras, Neapoli and Sellasia. It encompasses Cape Malea and Cape Tainaron and a large part of the Mani Peninsula.

Geography

It is bounded by the Taygetus mountains to the west with Messenia, Arcadia to the north and with the Parnon mountains to the northeast, the Myrtoan Sea to the east and the Gulf of Laconia and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The islands of Cythera and Antikythera lie to the south, but they administratively belong to the prefecture of Piraeus.

Climate

The area has hot summers and mild winters in most of the prefecture while in the mountains, especially Taygetus, snow is very common throughout the winter.

Provinces

*Province of Epidavros Limiras - Molai
*Province of Gytheio - Gytheio
*Province of Lacedaemonia - Sparti
*Province of Oitylo - Areopili

Municipalities and communities

ee also

*List of settlements in the Laconia prefecture
*List of traditional Greek place names

Population history

*1907: 87,106
*1991: 95,696 (+8,590 or +9.862% from 1907)
*2001: 94,918 (-778 or -0.81%)

About Laconia and Information

The Evrotas is the longest river in the prefecture. The valley of the Evrotas is predominantly an agricultural region that contains many citrus groves, olive groves and pasture lands and most of all, oranges. It is the location of the largest orange production in the Peloponnese and probably all of Greece. The brand of orange juice named after this prefecture Lakonia is based in Amyclae and sells fresh orange juice entirely from this region.

Taygetus (2,407 m), known as Pentadaktylos ("five-fingers") throughout the Middle Ages, is west of Sparta and the Evrotas valley. It is the highest mountain in Laconia and the Peloponnese, and mostly covered with pine trees. Two roads connect the adjoining prefectures of Messinia and Laconia: one is a tortuous mountain pass through Taygetus and the other bypasses the mountain via the Mani district to the south. The other major mountain is Parnon (1,961 m) to the east.

A stalactite cave in the southwest of the prefecture is located south of Areopolis. This famous cave is called Dirou and is a major tourist attraction.

The word "laconic" is derived from the name of the region by analogy - to speak in a concise way, as the Spartans were reputed by the Athenians to do.

History

In ancient Greece this was the principal region of the Spartan state. Throughout classical antiquity the Spartan sphere of influence expanded Messenia, whose inhabitants (the helots) were permanently enslaved. Laconia was at war with the Kingdom of Macedonia and saw several battles, while later, from the early-2nd century BC until 395 also a part of the Roman Empire. In the medieval period it formed part of the Byzantine Empire, and following the Crusades it was the home of the Byzantine Despotate of Morea, held by the penultimate Greek ruling dynasty, the Palaiologoi. Laconia fell into the hands of the Ottomans but the Mani peninsula was mainly autonomous. Laconia was finally liberated after the Greek War of Independence of 1821, and after victory in battle, Sparta was selected capital of the modern prefecture; its economy and agriculture expanded. The country and the prefecture extended beyond the Laconia of ancient times, to Elafonissos in 1864, separating it from the British Empire and dissolving United States of the Ionian Islands. The island never had full Turkish rule; it was part of the Venetian Empire from the 15th century until the Napoleonic Wars. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, its population began to decline somewhat, as people moved from the villages toward the larger cities of Greece and abroad.

Modern Laconia

In 1992, a devastating fire ruined the finest olive crops in the northern part of the prefecture, and affected the area of Sellasia along with Oinountas and its surrounding areas. Firefighters, helicopters and planes battled for days to put out the horrific fire.

The Mani portion along with Gytheio became famous in Greece for filming episodes of "Vendetta", broadcast on Mega Channel throughout Greece and abroad on Mega Cosmos.

Flooding ruined olive and citrus crops along the Evrotas river, as well as properties and villages there in early 2006. In the summer of 2006, a terrible fire devastated a part of the Mani Peninsula, ruining tens of its villages and crops, along with its forests. In recent memory, the fire lasted for several days, turning stone-built houses into a rubble-like area, and occurred again a year later, devastating some properties but was smaller than last year's fire. Another one in the last days of July 2007, in the vicinity of Skourta, once more, in the same peninsula, ruined some groves and forest; it was a minor fire and lasted for a day only.

Transport

*Greece Interstate 37, N, Cen., S
*Greece Interstate 82, W
*Greece Interstate 86, S, E, SE, Gytheio - Monemvasia
*Molaoi to Leonidi Road, E, NE

Communications


=Radio=

*FLY FM 89,7 (Sparta). This is a popular radio station of Lakonia. Its website is www.flyradio.gr
*Lakonia FM - 91.1 FM (Sparta)
*Politeia FM - 90.7 FM & 91.5 FM
*Radio Sparti - 92.7 FM (Sparta)
*Radiofonias Notias Lakonias (Southern Laconia Radio) - 93.5 (Gytheio)
*Star FM - 94.7

Television

*Ellada TV - UHF 43, Sparta
*TV Notias Lakonias - Molaoi

List of newspapers

*Λακωνικός Τύπος
*Ελεύθερη Άποψη
* [http://www.lakonia.org/gr/gr_nea_sparth.htm Νέα Σπάρτη]
*Παρατηρητής της Λακωνίας

External links

* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=9455 GTP - Lagkadia]
* [http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=8565 GTP - Lagkadia municipality]
* [http://www.myrtidiotissa.gr Velanidia, Βελανίδια Βοιών Λακωνίας]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Laconia — Laconia, NH U.S. city in New Hampshire Population (2000): 16411 Housing Units (2000): 8554 Land area (2000): 20.278985 sq. miles (52.522328 sq. km) Water area (2000): 6.300647 sq. miles (16.318600 sq. km) Total area (2000): 26.579632 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Laconia, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 29 Housing Units (2000): 18 Land area (2000): 0.049723 sq. miles (0.128781 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.049723 sq. miles (0.128781 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Laconia, NH — U.S. city in New Hampshire Population (2000): 16411 Housing Units (2000): 8554 Land area (2000): 20.278985 sq. miles (52.522328 sq. km) Water area (2000): 6.300647 sq. miles (16.318600 sq. km) Total area (2000): 26.579632 sq. miles (68.840928 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Laconia — (Λακωνία), también conocida como Lacedaemonia, fue en la antigua Grecia una porción del Peloponeso cuya ciudad más importante fue Esparta. En la actualidad, Laconia es una prefectura de Grecia con Esparta como capital administrativa. * * * ►… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laconĭa — Laconĭa, Hauptort der Grafschaft Belknap des nordamerikan. Unionsstaates New Hampshire, am Winnepesaukee River, nahe dem See Winnisquam, hat Fabriken von Strumpfwaren, Flanell, Eisenbahnwagen und (1900) 8042 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laconia — [lə kō′nē ə] 1. ancient country on the SE coast of the Peloponnesus, Greece: dominated by the city of Sparta: see GREECE 2. department of modern Greece in the same general area: also sp. Lakonia Laconian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Laconia — Para las localidades estadounidenses homónimas, véase Laconia (Indiana) y Laconia (Nuevo Hampshire). Para otros usos de este término, véase Lacedemonia. Unidad periférica de Laconia Laconia Unidad periférica de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laconia — /leuh koh nee euh/, n. 1. an ancient country in the S part of Greece. Cap.: Sparta. 2. a city in central New Hampshire. 15,575. * * * ▪ New Hampshire, United States       city, seat of Belknap county, central New Hampshire, U.S., on the… …   Universalium

  • Laconia — Laconie Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Laconia (homonymie). Nome de Laco …   Wikipédia en Français


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