City Rovaniemi (1960) Administrative Province Province of Lapland Historical Province Lappland Area- Total - Land - Water Ranked 5th (municipalities), and 1st (cities) 8,016 km² 7,601 km² 415 km² Population- Total (01/2006) - Density Ranked 13th 58,500 7.6 / km² Rovaniemi (Audio|Fi-Rovaniemi.ogg|pronunciation, _sm. Ruávinjargâ, _se. Roavenjárga and "Roavvenjárga", _sm. Ruäˊvnjargg) is the administrative capitaland the centre of commerce of Finland's northernmost Province, Lapland. It is situated close to the Arctic Circleand between the hills of Ounasvaaraand Korkalovaara, at the confluence of the KemijokiRiver and its tributary, the OunasjokiRiver. The city and the surrounding Rovaniemen maalaiskunta(Rural municipality of Rovaniemi) were merged into one on January 1, 2006. The new municipality has an area of 8,016 km² and an approximate population of 60,000. It is one of the largest cities in the world by area - though much of it is covered by forests.
The word Rovaniemi has often been considered to be of Lappish origin, as "roavve" in Sami denotes a forested ridge or hill or the site of an old forest fire. In the dialects of southern Lapland, however, "rova" means a heap of stones, a rock or a group of rocks in a stretch of rapids, or even a sauna stove.
There has probably been continuous settlement in the Rovaniemi area since the
Stone Age. Periodic clearance of new land for agricultureand the practice of slash-and-burn cultivation began around 750-530 B.C. Artifacts found in the area suggest that an increasing number of travellers from Kareliain the east, Häme in the south and the Arctic Oceancoast in the north must have come there from 500 A.D. onwards. The Sami are considered to be Lapland's own indigenous population.
The exploitation of Lapland's
natural resourcesin the 1800s boosted Rovaniemi's growth. Extensive logging sites and gold fever attracted thousands of people to Lapland. As the miningof natural resources was increased, Rovaniemi became the business centre of the Province of Lapland.
Lapland War, during the Second World War, approximately 90% of the total property in the town was destroyed by German troops. The rebuilding of Rovaniemi began in 1946. Several public and private buildings designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aaltohave been erected in the town. One example is the Administrative and Cultural Centre, which comprises the City Hall, the Lappia Hall (housing the City Theatre, Orchestra and Congress Hall), and the Provincial Library.
Because of the unspoilt nature and numerous recreational opportunities,
tourismis an important industryin Rovaniemi. The city has a number of hotels and restaurants located both in the centre and on the outskirts of the town.
Since Rovaniemi represents the
capitalof the Province of Lapland, many government institutions have their offices there. About 10,000 of the inhabitants are students. Rovaniemi is home to not only the University of Laplandbut also the Rovaniemi Polytechnic(also known as the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences), which comprises institutes of information and traditional technology, business, health and social care, culinary studies, forestry, rural studies and sports.Local newspapers include the Lapin Kansa, Uusi Rovaniemiand ROI-press.
Rovaniemi is the northernmost point of VR's
electric railwaysystem, with direct daytime and overnight passenger trains from Rovaniemi station to Oulu, Tampere, Helsinkiand Turku. Diesel-powered passenger trains operate north-east of Rovaniemi to Kemijärvi.
Rovaniemi's most prominent landmarks include the Jätkänkynttilä bridge with its eternal flame over the Kemijoki river, the Arktikum House which rises out of the bank of the Ounasjoki river, the Rovaniemi Town Hall, the Lappia House which serves as a theatre, concert hall and congress centre, and the library. The last three mentioned buildings are by the famous Finnish architect
Alvar Aalto. Claimed to be the residence of Santa Claus[http://www.the-north-pole.com/history History of Santa Claus] ] [http://www.santaclausvillage.info/eng/main.htm Santa Claus' Village on the Arctic Circle in Rovaniemi in Lapland in Finland] ] [http://www.santaclauslive.com/main.php?link=joulupukin_kammari&kieli=eng Joulupukin Kammari - Santa Claus Office - Joulupkki, Lapland, Finland, Rovaniemi] ] , Santa Claus Villageand [http://www.santapark.com Santapark] , is located 8 km north of the centre. Rovaniemi is also home to the world's most northernbranch of McDonald's. The [http://www.arktikum.com Arktikum] is a very comprehensive museum of Finland's Arctic region.
Directly across the river from the town is the Ounasvaara ski center. The top of the Ounasvaara hill bears the site of some of the earliest known human settlements in the area.
A phenomenon also attracting numerous tourists is the
Aurora Borealisor "Northern Lights". In Finnish Lapland the number of auroral displays can be as high as 200 a year whereas in southern Finland the number is usually fewer than 20.
Drvar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Johann in Tirol, Austria
Facts and Figures
*average temperature: + 0.2 °C
*annual rainfall: 535 mm/annum
*snow stays on the grounds 183 days a year on average
*lowest temperature ever recorded: –47.5 °C, recorded on January 28, 1999
*highest temperature ever recorded: + 30.6°C
*the midnight sun can be seen from June 6 to July 7
("figures December 31, 2005")
*primary production: 1.6 %
*manufacturing in industry: 14.9 %
*private services: 36.8 %
*public services: 44.4 %
*unknown: 2.3 %
*The popular Finnish author
Jari Tervois a native of Rovaniemi and his novels describe the town in an unforgettable manner.
*The important Finnish writer
Timo K. Mukkadied in Rovaniemi in 1974.
*Snowboarder and 2005 Winter
X Gamesgold medalist Antti Auttiis a Rovaniemi native, and in April 2005 he received his own piece of land in the city for being named to the 2006 Finnish Olympic team.
Tanja Poutiainenis a Rovaniemi native.
*World champion snowcross winner
Janne Tapiois a Rovaniemi native.
Tomi Putaansuu, better known as Mr. Lordilead singer of the Hard rock band and 2006 Eurovision Song Contestwinner Lordi.
Progressive rockband Absoluuttinen Nollapiste
*Santa Claus Village in Rovaniemi is said to be the residence of
External links and references
* [http://www.rovaniemi.fi/ City of Rovaniemi] – official website
* [http://www.laplandfinland.com/ Information about Finnish Lapland]
* [http://www.ulapland.fi/ University of Lapland]
* [http://www.ramk.fi/ Rovaniemi Polytechnic]
* [http://www.rovaniementeatteri.com/ Rovaniemi Theatre and Congress Hall Lappia]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=66.50,25.70&spn=0.1,0.1&t=k Satellite view of Rovaniemi]
*Rikkinen, K. "A Geography of Finland". Lahti: University of Helsinki (1992)
*"Rovaniemi: Arctic Circle - Finland". Helsinki: Oy Sevenprint Ltd (1998)
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Rovaniemi — Original name in latin Rovaniemi Name in other language RVN, Roavvenjarga, Roavvenjrga, Robaniemi, Ronianemi, Rovaniehmi, Rovaniemi, Rovaniemi linn, Rovaniemis, Rovanieni, Rovanijemi, lobaniemi, luo wa nie mi, rovuRovaniemianiemi, rwbnyymy,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Rovaniemi — /rddaw vah nye mee/, n. a city in N Finland, near the Arctic Circle. 30,800. * * * ▪ Finland city, northern Finland, at the junction of the Kemi (Kemi River) and Ounas rivers, northeast of Tornio, on the Arctic Circle. Incorporated in 1929 … Universalium
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