Hayden Island, Portland, Oregon

Hayden Island, Portland, Oregon

Infobox Neighborhood Portland OR
neighborhood_name = Hayden Island
association_name = Hayden Island Neighborhood Network
association_website = http://haydenisland.org/
coalition_name = North Portland Neighborhood Services
coalition_website = http://www.portlandonline.com/northportland/index.cfm?c=35546
area = 4.38
portlandmaps_x = 7645320.799
portlandmaps_y = 716686.588
censusyear = 2000
pop_total = 2130
pop_density = 486
households_total = 1224
occupancy = 84
households_owned = 1012
households_owned_pct = 83
households_rented = 212
households_rented_pct = 17
household_size = 1.74
footnotes =

Hayden Island is an island in the Columbia River between Vancouver, Washington and Portland, Oregon. The wide main channel of the Columbia (and the Washington/Oregon state line) passes north of the island. To the south, sheltered by the island, is a smaller channel known as North Portland Harbor. Much of Hayden Island (and connected Tomahawk Island to the east) is within Portland city limits, and recognized as one of its 95 neighborhoods. [Most of the neighborhood lies within Portland's North section, though the eastern end is in the city's Northeast section.]

Interstate 5 connects the island, via the northernmost Oregon exit, to the rest of North Portland and, with the Interstate Bridge, to Vancouver to the north. The east end of the island, often called Jantzen Beach, has highly developed retail areas near the freeway, hotels, offices and condominium complexes. Further east there are several houseboat moorages and marinas.

The island is of historic interest for its past ferries and amusement parks. Until the Interstate Bridge opened in 1917 ferries provided service between Portland and Vancouver from landings on the island's north shore. After the opening of the bridge, streetcar service opened Hayden Island to amusement park developments due to its beaches and strategic location. Jantzen Beach, the last operating amusement park, closed in 1970. Tomahawk Island, just off the east tip of Hayden Island, became another amusement park—Lotus Isle—for a few years in the 1930s.

Because Oregon does not have a state sales tax, and Washington has one of the higher state sales taxes, it is common practice for people in Southwest Washington to travel to Oregon for larger taxable purchases. The Jantzen Beach Shopping Center and many hotels populate this part of the island. A narrow neck of land connects Hayden Island to Tomahawk Island (not an independent island since construction of the linkage), which has numerous marinas and yacht clubs.

The west side of the island (in unincorporated Multnomah County) is as yet undeveloped, though it was added to the urban growth boundary by voters in 1983. The Port of Portland purchased the land in 1993 with the intention of building a large cargo facility. Environmental activists have successfully blocked this development for the time being, and the Port of Portland is currently looking for alternative sites.


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