Diego de Saavedra Fajardo


Diego de Saavedra Fajardo
Portrait of Diego Saavedra Fajardo.

Diego de Saavedra Fajardo (6 May 1584(1584-05-06) – 1648) was a Spanish diplomat and man of letters.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Algezares, in what is now the province of Murcia.

After receiving a religious education at Salamanca, he took religious orders, and in 1606 was appointed secretary to Cardinal Gaspar de Borja y Velasco, the Spanish ambassador at Rome.[1]

Although he did not get to receive greater orders, he was named canon of Santiago in 1617, which was worth the importunations to him of town hall, since he never attended its position; but he did on the contrary to conclaves who chose the Popes Pope Gregory XV (1621) and Urban VIII (1623). From this date its diplomatic activity did not know rest, because the confidence he had gained of Philip IV of Spain and he was in charge to manage a very important part of his political and diplomatic relations during twenty-five years in Italy, Germany and Switzerland, during the decline of the Spanish political power in Europe.

He was ambassador in Rome (1631) and marched to Bavaria in 1633, territory then at the center of the bloodiest fights of Thirty Years War. Here, with the position of resident ambassador in the court of Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, leader of the Holy League, he pursued the union of the pro-Habsburg forces with the German Emperor Ferdinand II and with Catholic powers. In this year, the king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden died in the battle of Lützen; this settled down a tense calm only interrupted by the murder of the marshal Wallenstein, head of the armies of Ferdinand II, when being discovered his treason in favor of Sweden.

In 1634, the battle of Nördlingen took place between the Swedish armies and those of the German empire supported by Spanish troops, the latter being victorious. In 1636, Emperor Ferdinand II died, and Diet of Regensburg took place for the election of his successor, where Saavedra went like representative of Spain. His diplomatic activity intensified when Richelieu declared war to Spain in 1635, and with the successive defeats of the Spanish troops by the French armies.

In 1640 he published the anti-Machiavellian emblem book Empresas Políticas. Idea de un príncipe político cristiano ("Political Maxims. Idea of a Christian Political Prince"), a hundred short essays about the education of a prince. These sententious works were written primarily for the son of King Philip IV. It passed through a number of editions and was translated in several languages. An unfinished historical work, entitled Corona gótica, castellana, y austriaca políticamente ilustrada, appeared in 1646. Another work ascribed to Saavedra, the República literaria, was published posthumously in 1670; it is a satirical discussion on some of the leading characters in the ancient and modern world of letters.

After the signing of the Treaty of Münster, Saavedra retired into the Madrid convent of the Agustinos Recoletos. Here he died in 1648. He is buried at the Cathedral Church of Saint Mary in Murcia.

Works

The Idea of a Christian political prince.

Saavedra's Idea de un príncipe político cristiano ("The Idea of a Christian political prince", 1640) was a very erudite work that uses the literary sort of emblem, put by Andrea Alciato with his Emblemata translated in 1549 and that has a mainly moral and philosophical character. His work, however, was mainly inspired by the Emblemata política (1618), by Jakob Bruck Angermunt, being the intention of the author to compose a guide for the suitable political formation of a Christian prince. As a historian wrote Corona gótica, castellana y austríaca (1648), that tried to be a biographical repertoire of the Visigothic kings of Spain.

The style of Saavedra Fajardo is baroque and, sometimes ballast by a barren erudition and a meticulous style.

Legacy

A Spanish high school in the Infant Don Juan Manuel neighborhood of Murcia is named after him. In Algezares, its birthplace town, there is a school with his name. In addition, the main street of the town is also named after him.

Madrid has a street with his name in the 28011 postal code.

References


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  • Diego De Saavedra Fajardo — Diego de Saavedra Fajardo (né le 6 mai 1584 à Algezares, province de Murcie mort le 24 août 1648 à Madrid) était un écrivain, homme d État et diplomate espagnol du Siècle d or. Il est considéré comme le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diego de saavedra fajardo — Diego de Saavedra Fajardo (né le 6 mai 1584 à Algezares, province de Murcie mort le 24 août 1648 à Madrid) était un écrivain, homme d État et diplomate espagnol du Siècle d or. Il est considéré comme le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diego de Saavedra Fajardo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fajardo. Diego de Saavedra Fajardo Diego de Saavedra Fajardo (né le 6 mai 1584 à Algezares, province de Mu …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Diego De Saavedra Fajardo — Amor A mucho obliga el que, teniendo valor para hacerse temer, se hace amar. Duda Quien no duda no puede conocer la verdad. Edad Es un potro la juventud que con un cabezón duro se precipita y fácilmente se deja gobernar de un bocado blando.… …   Diccionario de citas

  • Fajardo Diego de Saavedra —     Fajardo Diego de Saavedra     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Fajardo Diego de Saavedra     Statesman and author, b. at Algezares, Murcia, Spain, in 1584; d. at Madrid in 1648. He made his studies at the University of Salamance where he received… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saavedra, Fajardo Diego de — • Statesman and author, b. at Algezares, Murcia, Spain, in 1584; d. at Madrid in 1648 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saavedra Fajardo —   [saa βeȓra fa xarȓo], Diego de, spanischer Schriftsteller, * Algezares (bei Murcia) 6. 5. 1584, ✝ Madrid 24. 8. 1648; zog sich nach glänzender diplomatischer Laufbahn zuletzt ins Kloster zurück. Sein satirisch allegorisches Jugendwerk »Juicio… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saavedra Fajardo — Saavedra Fajardo, Diego de …   Enciclopedia Universal


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