April 4


April 4

Events

*1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I.
* 1655 - The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.
*1660 - Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of England.
*1721 - Sir Robert Walpole enters office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I.
*1812 - U.S. President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.
*1814 - Napoleon abdicates for the first time.
*1818 - The United States Congress adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).
*1841 - William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and the one with the shortest term served.
*1850 - The Great Fire of Cottenham, a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground under suspicious circumstances.
* 1850 - Los Angeles, California is incorporated as a city.
*1859 - Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
*1865 - American Civil War: A day after Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate capital.
*1866 - Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
*1887 - Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
*1905 - In India, an earthquake near Kangra kills 20,000.
*1913 - The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
*1918 - World War I: Second Battle of the Somme ends.
*1930 - The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
*1939 - Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
*1945 - World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.
* 1945 - World War II: Soviet Army takes control of Hungary.
*1949 - Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
*1958 - The CND Peace Symbol displayed in public for the first time in London.
*1960 - Senegal independence day.
*1964 - The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart.
*1965 - The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.
*1967 - Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" speech in New York City's Riverside Church.
*1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
* 1968 - Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 6.
* 1968 - AEK Athens BC becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.
*1969 - Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
*1973 - The World Trade Center in New York is officially dedicated.
*1975 - Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
* 1975 - Vietnam War: Operation Baby Lift - A United States Air Force C-5A Galaxy crashes near Saigon, South Vietnam shortly after takeoff, transporting orphans - 172 die.
*1976 - Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.
*1979 - President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.
*1983 - Space Shuttle "Challenger" makes its maiden voyage into space (STS-6).
*1984 - President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.
*1988 - Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
*1991 - Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
*1994 - Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name "Mosaic Communications Corporation".
*1996 - Comet Hyakutake was imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.
*2002 - The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.
*2007 - 15 British Royal Navy personnel held in Iran are released by the Iranian President.
*2008 - The raid on the FLDS owned ranch called the YFZ Ranch in Texas, 401 children were taken into custody. 133 woman were taken into state custody also, the total number of woman and children is 534.

Births

* 186 - Caracalla, Roman emperor (d. 217)
*1492 - Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)
*1572 - William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)
*1593 - Edward Nicholas, English statesman (d. 1669)
*1646 - Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)
*1648 - Grinling Gibbons Dutch woodcarver (d. 1721)
*1688 - Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer (d. 1768)
*1718 - Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
*1772 - Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut (d. 1810)
*1785 - Bettina von Arnim, German writer (d. 1859)
*1802 - Dorothea Dix, American social activist (d. 1887)
*1818 - Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (d. 1883)
*1819 - Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
*1821 - Linus Yale, Jr., American inventor and manufacturer (d. 1868)
*1826 - Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (d. 1901)
*1842 - Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
*1846 - Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (d. 1870)
*1853 - Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
*1858 - Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
*1875 - Pierre Monteux, French conductor (d. 1964)
*1876 - Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter (d. 1958)
*1882 - Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
*1884 - Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese naval commander (d. 1943)
*1888 - Tris Speaker, American baseball player (d. 1958)
* 1888 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
*1895 - Arthur Murray, American dance teacher (d. 1991)
*1896 - Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (d. 1955)
*1897 - Pierre Fresnay, French stage and film actor (d. 1975)
*1898 - Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
*1902 - Louise Leveque de Vilmorin, French actress (d. 1969)
* 1902 - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
*1905 - Eugene Bozza, French modern composer (d. 1991)
*1906 - Bea Benaderet, American actress (d. 1968)
* 1906 - John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (d. 1995)
*1908 - Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist ("Cheaper by the Dozen") (d. 2006)
*1911 - Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
*1913 - Frances Langford, American actress (d. 2005)
* 1913 - Jules Léger, Quebec diplomat and Governor general of Canada (d. 1980)
*1914 - Marguerite Duras, French writer (d. 1996)
*1915 - Muddy Waters, American musician (d. 1983)
*1916 - Nikola Ljubicic, Yugoslav general, Serbian communist politician (d. 2005)
* 1916 - Mickey Owen, American baseball player (d. 2005)
* 1916 - David White, American actor (d. 1990)
*1918 - George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe (d. 2007)
*1920 - Éric Rohmer, French film director
*1922 - Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
*1924 - Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)
*1925 - Claude Wagner, French-Canadian politician and judge (d. 1979)
* 1925 - Emmett Williams, American poet (d. 2007)
*1928 - Maya Angelou, American writer
*1931 - Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director
*1932 - Clive Davis, American record producer
* 1932 - Estelle Harris, American actress
* 1932 - Richard Lugar, American politician
* 1932 - Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
* 1932 - Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet film director (d. 1986)
*1933 - Bill France, Jr., NASCAR pioneer (d. 2007)
*1938 - A. Bartlett Giamatti, American university president and Commissioner of Baseball (d. 1989)
*1939 - JoAnne Carner, American golfer
* 1939 - Major Lance, American singer (d. 1994)
* 1939 - Hugh Masekela, South African musician
*1940 - Richard Attwood, British racing driver
* 1940 - Sharon Sheeley, American songwriter
*1942 - Jim Fregosi, American baseball player and manager
* 1942 - Kitty Kelley, American writer
*1944 - Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
* 1944 - Craig T. Nelson, American actor
*1945 - Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French political activist
* 1945 - Caroline McWilliams, American actress
*1946 - Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade)
* 1946 - Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist
*1947 - Ray Fosse, American baseball player and broadcaster
* 1947 - Luke Halpin, American actor
* 1947 - Wiranto, Indonesian general
*1948 - Michael Blassie, U.S. Air Force officer (d. 1972)
* 1948 - Berry Oakley, American bassist (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1972)
* 1948 - Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party
* 1948 - Dan Simmons, American writer
* 1948 - Derek Thompson, Northern Irish actor
*1949 - Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican singer (The Wailers) (d. 1999)
* 1949 - Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese mathematician
*1950 - Christine Lahti, American actress
*1951 - John Hannah, American football player
* 1951 - Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia
*1952 - Rosemarie Ackermann, German athlete
* 1952 - Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey coach
* 1952 - Gary Moore, Irish guitarist (Thin Lizzy)
* 1952 - Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and car racer (d. 1995)
*1953 - Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
* 1953 - Sammy Wilson, Northern Irish politician
*1956 - Tom Herr, American baseball player
* 1956 - David E. Kelley, American writer and TV producer
*1957 - Ali El Haggar, Egyptian singer and actor
* 1957 - Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish film director
* 1957 - Graeme Kelling, Scottish musician (Deacon Blue) (d. 2004)
* 1957 - Kelso, American racehorse (d. 1983)
* 1957 - Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese musician (Rats & Star)
*1958 - Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
* 1958 - Mary-Margaret Humes, American actress
*1960 - Jane Eaglin, English soprano
* 1960 - Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born English-Australian actor
*1962 - Craig Adams, English musician(The Sisters of Mercy, Mission UK)
*1963 - Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1963 - Graham Norton, Irish talk show host
*1964 - Branco, Brazilian footballer and coach
* 1964 - David Cross, American actor and comedian
* 1964 - Robbie Rist, American actor
*1965 - Robert Downey Jr., American actor
*1966 - Nancy McKeon, American actor
*1968 - Jennifer Lynch, American director
*1970 - Barry Pepper, Canadian actor
* 1970 - Michael Schwartz, American turntablist, known as Mix Master Mike, DJ for the Beastie Boys
*1971 - Yanic Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1971 - Josh Todd, American lead singer of rock band Buckcherry
* 1971 - John Zandig, American professional wrestler
*1972 - Jill Scott, American soul singer
* 1972 - Magnus Sveningsson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
*1973 - David Blaine, American illusionist
* 1973 - Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete
* 1973 - Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
*1974 - Dave Mirra, American athlete
*1975 - Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
* 1975 - Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier
* 1975 - Pamela Ribon, American author, actress
* 1975 - Scott Rolen, American baseball player
*1976 - Emerson, Brazilian footballer
* 1976 - Sébastien Enjolras, French racing driver (d. 1997)
*1977 - Adam Dutkiewicz, American guitarist and producer(Killswitch Engage)
* 1977 - Stephen Mulhern, British magician, CITV Presenter
* 1977 - Omarr Ali Hasan Smith, American Arena Football League defensive back
*1978 - Jason Ellison, American baseball player
* 1978 - Lemar, English R'n'B singer
* 1978 - Alan Mahon, Irish footballer
* 1978 - Sam Moran, Australian entertainer
* 1978 - Irene Skliva, Greek 1996 Miss World winner
* 1978 - Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer
*1979 - Heath Ledger, Australian/American Actor. (d.2008)
* 1979 - Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
* 1979 - Natasha Lyonne, American actress
* 1979 - Andy McKee, American musician
*1980 - Johnny Borrell, English singer (Razorlight)
* 1980 - Trevor Moore, American comedian
* 1980 - Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver
*1983 - Fabian Geiser, Swiss footballer
* 1983 - Doug Lynch, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1983 - Angelle Tymon, American journalist and TV game show host
* 1983 - Ben Gordon, American professional basketball player
*1984 - Arkady Vyatchanin, Russian swimmer
*1985 - Rudy Fernández, Spanish basketball player
*1986 - Aiden McGeady, Republic of Ireland and Celtic footballer,
* 1986 - Cameron Barker, Professional ice hockey player
*1987 - Devon Anderson, English actor
* 1987 - Sarah Gadon, Canadian actress
* 1987 - Cameron Maybin, American baseball player
*1988 - Frank Fielding, English footballer
*1991 - Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress
*1992 - Alexa Nikolas, American actress
*1994 - Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer

Deaths

* 397 - St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan (b. circa 338)
* 636 - Saint Isidore of Seville, Church Father and the proposed patron of Internet (b. cira 560)
* 896 - Pope Formosus (b. 816)
*1284 - King Alfonso X of Castile (b. 1221)
*1292 - Pope Nicholas IV (b. 1227)
*1305 - Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France (b. circa 1217)
*1536 - Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
*1588 - King Frederick II of Denmark (b. 1534)
*1609 - Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
*1617 - John Napier, Scottish mathematician (b. 1550)
*1643 - Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (b. 1583)
*1661 - Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
*1701 - Joseph Haines, entertainer and author
*1743 - Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
*1761 - Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
*1766 - John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
*1774 - Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1728)
*1792 - James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
*1807 - Joseph Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande, French astronomer (b. 1732)
*1817 - André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
*1841 - William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (b. 1773)
*1846 - Solomon Sibley, American senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
*1861 - John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)
*1863 - Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
*1864 - Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
*1870 - Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
*1874 - Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
*1878 - Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
*1879 - Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)
*1883 - Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
*1884 - Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian artist and diarist (b. 1860)
*1890 - Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Quebec politician (b. 1820)
* 1890 - Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)
*1919 - William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
*1923 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
*1929 - Karl Benz, German engine designer, inventor, and automobile engineer (b. 1844)
*1931 - André Michelin, French industrialist (b. 1853)
*1932 - Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
*1947 - William O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. ?)
*1951 - Al Christie, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1881)
* 1951 - George Albert Smith, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (b. 1870)
*1953 - King Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
*1957 - E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
*1958 - Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (b. 1925)
*1961 - Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
*1962 - James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)
*1967 - Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
* 1967 - Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
*1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
*1972 - Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American politician (b. 1908)
* 1972 - Stefan Wolpe, German composer (b. 1902)
*1976 - Harry Nyquist, Swedish contributor to information theory (b. 1889)
*1979 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1928)
* 1979 - Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
*1980 - Red Sovine, American country music singer (b. 1917)
*1983 - Gloria Swanson, American actress (b. 1897)
*1984 - Oleg Antonov, Soviet airplane engineer (b. 1906)
*1985 - Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (b. 1891)
*1987 - C.L. Moore, American writer (b. 1911)
* 1987 - Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master (b. 1939)
*1991 - Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
* 1991 - Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911)
* 1991 - H. John Heinz III, U.S. Senator (b. 1938)
* 1991 - Forrest Towns, American hurdler (b. 1914)
*1992 - Yvette Brind'Amour, French Canadian stage actress and artistic director (b. 1918)
* 1992 - Arthur Russell, American cellist (b. 1951)
*1993 - Alfred Butts, American architect and inventor (Scrabble) (b. 1899)
*1995 - Kenny Everett, British radio DJ and television entertainer (b. 1944)
* 1995 - Priscilla Lane, American singer and actress (b. 1915)
*1996 - Barney Ewell, American athlete (b. 1918)
* 1996 - Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (b. 1913)
*1999 - Faith Domergue, American actor (b. 1924)
* 1999 - Early Wynn, American baseball player (b. 1920)
*2001 - Ed "Big Daddy" Roth, American custom car designer (b. 1932)
*2002 - Harry L. O'Connor, Czech film stuntman
*2003 - Anthony Caruso, American actor (b. 1916)
* 2003 - Resortes, Mexican comedian (b. 1916)
*2004 - Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist (b. 1919)
* 2004 - Casey Sheehan, American soldier, son of Cindy Sheehan (b. 1979)
*2005 - Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman (b. 1924)
* 2005 - Pope John Paul II, Polish Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1920)
*2007 - Bob Clark, American film director (b. 1941)
* 2007 - Terry Hall, English ventriloquist (b. 1927)
*2008 - Francis Tucker, South African Rally Driver (b. 1923)

Holidays and observances

* International Day for Landmine Awareness and Assistance
* Lesotho - Heroes' Day
* Taiwan and Hong Kong - Children's Day
* Saint Isidore of Seville

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/4 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Apr&day=04 On This Day in Canada] ----


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • April — is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC.… …   Wikipedia

  • APRIL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • April — April: Der Name des vierten Monats des Kalenderjahres, ahd. abrello, mhd. aberelle, abrille, beruht wie z. B. entsprechend it. aprile, frz. avril und engl. April auf lat. Aprilis (mensis). Die weitere Herkunft des lat. Wortes ist nicht sicher… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • April — A pril, n. [L. Aprilis. OE. also Averil, F. Avril, fr. L. Aprilis.] 1. The fourth month of the year. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • April — Sm std. (12. Jh.), mhd. aprille, ahd. abrello Entlehnung. Das aus l. Aprīlis (mensis) entlehnte Wort verdrängt älteres ahd. ōstarmānōd Ostermonat . Die Herkunft der lateinischen Monatsbezeichnung ist umstritten (vielleicht zu gr. Aphrodite, l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • April — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Bsp.: • Sehr gut. 8:15 Uhr am Donnerstag, den sechzehnten April. • April ist der vierte Monat des Jahres …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • April — (nach Ein. v. lat. aperire, öffnen [weil die Erde sich im April zum Wachsthum öffnet]; nach And. von aper, weil in diesem Monat Schweine geopfert wurden; unter Kaiser Nero Neroneus, von Karl d. Gr. Oster , sonst wohl auch Grasmonat genannt); der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • April — (lat. Aprīlis, nach Ovid von aperire, öffnen, »weil der Frühling alles öffnet«), im julianischen Kalender der vierte, im altrömischen der zweite Monat, von Karl d. Gr. Ostermonat genannt, weil Ostern gewöhnlich in ihn fällt. Er hat jetzt 30 Tage …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • April — April, der vierte Monat im Jahre, soll nach Varro seinen Namen von der Göttin Aphrodite herleiten, weil er dieser Göttin geweiht war, während Andere ihn von dem Schweizerworte »appern« (thauen) abstammen lassen. Die jetzt nochwenig gebräuchliche… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • april — àprīl m <G apríla> DEFINICIJA četvrti mjesec u godini; travanj SINTAGMA prvi april razg. prvoaprilska šala: aprilili, u dijaloškoj situaciji kada se koga prevari, namagarči i sl. na 1. aprila (travnja) (kada se zbijaju šale) ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • april — april; april·i·an; …   English syllables


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