List of birds of Costa Rica


List of birds of Costa Rica

Although Costa Rica is a small country, it is in the bird-rich neotropical region and has a huge number of species for its area. 893 bird species have been recorded in the country (including Cocos Island), more than in all of the United States and Canada combined. Of those species, seven are endemic and 19 are globally threatened. The Official List of the Asociación Ornitológica de Costa Rica contains 857 species. Over an area of 51,100 km2, an area smaller than West Virginia, this is the greatest density of bird species of any continental American country.

About 600 species are resident, with most of the other regular visitors being winter migrants from North America.

Part of the diversity stems from the wide array of habitats, which include mangrove swamps along the Pacific coast, the wet Caribbean coastal plain in the northeast, dry northern Pacific lowlands, and multiple mountain chains that form the spine of the country and rise as high as 3,500m. These mountain chains, the largest of which is the Cordillera de Talamanca, form a geographical barrier that has enabled closely related but different species to develop on either side of the chain. A good example of this speciation is the White-collared Manakin of the Caribbean side, which is now distinct from the Orange-collared Manakin of the Pacific slope.

In the past, higher sea levels left the mountains as highlands, and isolation again led to distinct species developing, with over thirty now endemic to the mountains, especially the Talamanca range which extends from southern Costa Rica into Panama.

Costa Rica's national bird is the ubiquitous Clay-colored Robin.

Tinamidae

* Great Tinamou "Tinamus major"
* Highland Tinamou "Nothocercus bonapartei"
* Little Tinamou "Crypturellus soui"
* Slaty-breasted Tinamou "Crypturellus boucardi"
* Thicket Tinamou "Crypturellus cinnamomeus"

Podicipedidae

* Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"
* Pied-billed Grebe "Podilymbus podiceps"
* Eared Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"

Diomedeidae

* Waved Albatross "Phoebastria irrorata" Outlying islands only Vulnerable

Procellariidae

* Black-capped Petrel "Pterodroma hasitata" Rare/Accidental Endangered
* Galapagos Petrel "Pterodroma phaeopygia"
* Parkinson's Petrel "Procellaria parkinsoni" Vulnerable
* Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea" Rare/Accidental
* Pink-footed Shearwater "Puffinus creatopus" Vulnerable
* Greater Shearwater "Puffinus gravis" Rare/Accidental
* Wedge-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus pacificus"
* Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
* Short-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus tenuirostris" Rare/Accidental
* Audubon's Shearwater "Puffinus lherminieri"

Hydrobatidae

* Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus"
* White-vented Storm-Petrel "Oceanites gracilis" Data deficient
* White-faced Storm-Petrel "Pelagodroma marina" Rare/Accidental
* Least Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma microsoma"
* Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma tethys"
* Band-rumped Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma castro" Rare/Accidental
* Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa"
* Markham's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma markhami" Rare/Accidental Data deficient
* Black Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma melania"

Phaethontidae

* Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"
* White-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon lepturus" Outlying islands only

Pelecanidae

* American White Pelican "Pelecanus erythrorhynchos" Rare/Accidental
* Brown Pelican "Pelecanus occidentalis"

Sulidae

* Blue-footed Booby "Sula nebouxii"
* Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
* Red-footed Booby "Sula sula"
* Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"

Phalacrocoracidae

* Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"

Anhingidae

* Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"

Fregatidae

* Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"
* Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor" Rare/Accidental

Ardeidae

* Great Blue Heron "Ardea herodias"
* Great Egret "Ardea alba"
* Reddish Egret "Egretta rufescens"
* Tricolored Heron "Egretta tricolor"
* Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea"
* Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
* Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
* Striated Heron "Butorides striata" Rare/Accidental
* Green Heron "Butorides virescens"
* Agami Heron "Agamia agami"
* Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
* Yellow-crowned Night-Heron "Nyctanassa violacea"
* Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
* Bare-throated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma mexicanum"
* Fasciated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma fasciatum"
* Rufescent Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma lineatum"
* Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
* Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"
* American Bittern "Botaurus lentiginosus" Rare/Accidental

Ciconiidae

* Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
* Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Threskiornithidae

* Green Ibis "Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
* White Ibis "Eudocimus albus"
* Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
* White-faced Ibis "Plegadis chihi" Rare/Accidental
* Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"

Anatidae

* Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
* White-faced Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna viduata"
* Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
* Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
* American Wigeon "Anas americana"
* Green-winged Teal "Anas carolinensis" Rare/Accidental
* Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos" Rare/Accidental
* Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
* Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
* Cinnamon Teal "Anas cyanoptera" Rare/Accidental
* Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
* Ring-necked Duck "Aythya collaris"
* Greater Scaup "Aythya marila" Rare/Accidental
* Lesser Scaup "Aythya affinis"
* Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"
* Ruddy Duck "Oxyura jamaicensis" Rare/Accidental

Cathartidae

* Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
* Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
* Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes burrovianus"
* King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"

Pandionidae

* Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Accipitridae

* Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
* Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
* Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
* White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus"
* Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
* Double-toothed Kite "Harpagus bidentatus"
* Mississippi Kite "Ictinia mississippiensis"
* Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
* Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
* Tiny Hawk "Accipiter superciliosus"
* Sharp-shinned Hawk "Accipiter striatus"
* Cooper's Hawk "Accipiter cooperii"
* Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
* Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
* Barred Hawk "Leucopternis princeps"
* Semiplumbeous Hawk "Leucopternis semiplumbeus"
* White Hawk "Leucopternis albicollis"
* Common Black-Hawk "Buteogallus anthracinus"
* Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
* Savanna Hawk "Buteogallus meridionalis"
* Harris's Hawk "Parabuteo unicinctus"
* Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
* Solitary Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
* Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
* Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
* Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus"
* Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
* Swainson's Hawk "Buteo swainsoni"
* White-tailed Hawk "Buteo albicaudatus"
* Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus"
* Red-tailed Hawk "Buteo jamaicensis"
* Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis" Near-threatened
* Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja" Near-threatened
* Black-and-white Hawk-eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
* Black Hawk-eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
* Ornate Hawk-eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"

Falconidae

* Red-throated Caracara "Ibycter americanus"
* Crested Caracara "Caracara cheriway"
* Yellow-headed Caracara "Milvago chimachima"
* Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
* Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
* Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon "Micrastur mirandollei"
* Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
* American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
* Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis" Rare/Accidental
* Merlin "Falco columbarius"
* Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
* Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus" Rare/Accidental
* Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Cracidae

* Plain Chachalaca "Ortalis vetula"
* Grey-headed Chachalaca "Ortalis cinereiceps"
* White-bellied Chachalaca "Ortalis leucogastra"
* Crested Guan "Penelope purpurascens"
* Black Guan "Chamaepetes unicolor" Near-threatened
* Great Curassow "Crax rubra" Near-threatened

Odontophoridae

* Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge "Dendrortyx leucophrys"
* Crested Bobwhite "Colinus cristatus"
* Marbled Wood-Quail "Odontophorus gujanensis"
* Black-eared Wood-Quail "Odontophorus melanotis"
* Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus erythrops"
* Black-breasted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus leucolaemus"
* Spotted Wood-Quail "Odontophorus guttatus"
* Tawny-faced Quail "Rhynchortyx cinctus"

Aramidae

* Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"

Rallidae

* Ocellated Crake "Micropygia schomburgkii" Rare/Accidental
* Ruddy Crake "Laterallus ruber" Rare/Accidental
* White-throated Crake "Laterallus albigularis"
* Gray-breasted Crake "Laterallus exilis"
* Black Rail "Laterallus jamaicensis"
* Rufous-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides axillaris"
* Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
* Uniform Crake "Amaurolimnas concolor"
* Sora "Porzana carolina"
* Yellow-breasted Crake "Porzana flaviventer"
* Paint-billed Crake "Neocrex erythrops" Rare/Accidental
* Spotted Rail "Pardirallus maculatus"
* Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
* Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
* American Coot "Fulica americana"

Heliornithidae

* Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"


=Eurypygidae=

* Sunbittern "Eurypyga helias"

Jacanidae

* Northern Jacana "Jacana spinosa"
* Wattled Jacana "Jacana jacana" Rare/Accidental

Haematopodidae

* American Oystercatcher "Haematopus palliatus"

Recurvirostridae

* Black-necked Stilt "Himantopus mexicanus"
* American Avocet "Recurvirostra americana" Rare/Accidental

Burhinidae

* Double-striped Thick-knee "Burhinus bistriatus"

Charadriidae

* Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis" Rare/Accidental
* American Golden Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
* Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
* Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
* Wilson's Plover "Charadrius wilsonia’‘
* Killdeer "Charadrius vociferus"
* Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus" Rare/Accidental
* Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"

Scolopacidae

* Wilson's Snipe "Gallinago delicata"
* Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus"
* Long-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus scolopaceus"
* Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica" Rare/Accidental
* Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica" Rare/Accidental
* Marbled Godwit "Limosa fedoa"
* Eskimo Curlew "Numenius borealis" Rare/Accidental Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
* Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
* Long-billed Curlew "Numenius americanus" Near-threatened
* Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
* Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
* Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
* Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
* Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
* Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus"
* Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus"
* Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
* Surfbird "Aphriza virgata"
* Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
* Sanderling "Calidris alba"
* Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla"
* Western Sandpiper "Calidris mauri"
* Least Sandpiper "Calidris minutilla"
* White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
* Baird's Sandpiper "Calidris bairdii"
* Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
* Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea" Rare/Accidental
* Dunlin "Calidris alpina" Rare/Accidental
* Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus"
* Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis" Near-threatened
* Ruff "Philomachus pugnax" Rare/Accidental
* Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor"
* Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
* Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius" Rare/Accidental

Stercorariidae

* South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki"
* Great Skua "Stercorarius skua" Rare/Accidental
* Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus" Rare/Accidental
* Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
* Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus" Rare/Accidental

Laridae

* Gray Gull "Larus modestus" Rare/Accidental
* Heermann's Gull "Larus heermanni" Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
* Ring-billed Gull "Larus delawarensis"
* American Herring Gull "Larus smithsonianus"
* Bonaparte's Gull "Larus philadelphia" Rare/Accidental
* Laughing Gull "Larus atricilla"
* Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan"
* Sabine's Gull "Xema sabini"
* Swallow-tailed Gull "Creagrus furcatus" Outlying islands only

Sternidae

* Gull-billed Tern "Gelochelidon nilotica"
* Caspian Tern "Hydroprogne caspia"
* Elegant Tern "Sterna elegans" Near-threatened
* Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
* Royal Tern "Sterna maxima"
* Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
* Forster's Tern "Sterna forsteri" Rare/Accidental
* Least Tern "Sternula antillarum"
* Bridled Tern "Onychoprion anaethetus"
* Sooty Tern "Onychoprion fuscata" Rare/Accidental
* Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
* Black Noddy "Anous minutus" Rare/Accidental
* Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"
* White Tern "Gygis alba" Rare/Accidental

Rhynchopidae

* Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Columbidae

* Rock Pigeon "Columba livia" Introduced species
* White-crowned Pigeon "Patagioenas leucocephala" Rare/Accidental
* Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
* Band-tailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
* Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
* Red-billed Pigeon "Patagioenas flavirostris"
* Short-billed Pigeon "Patagioenas nigrirostris"
* Ruddy Pigeon "Patagioenas subvinacea"
* Mourning Dove "Zenaida macroura"
* White-winged Dove "Zenaida asiatica"
* Common Ground Dove "Columbina passerina"
* Plain-breasted Ground Dove "Columbina minuta"
* Ruddy Ground Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
* Inca Dove "Columbina inca"
* Blue Ground Dove "Claravis pretiosa"
* Maroon-chested Ground Dove "Claravis mondetoura"
* White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
* Grey-headed Dove "Leptotila plumbeiceps"
* Grey-chested Dove "Leptotila cassini"
* Purplish-backed Quail Dove "Geotrygon lawrencii"
* Buff-fronted Quail Dove "Geotrygon costaricensis"
* Rufous-breasted Quail Dove "Geotrygon chiriquensis"
* Olive-backed Quail Dove "Geotrygon veraguensis"
* Violaceous Quail Dove "Geotrygon violacea"
* Ruddy Quail Dove "Geotrygon montana"

Psittacidae

* Military Macaw "Ara militaris" Vulnerable
* Great Green Macaw "Ara ambigua" Vulnerable
* Scarlet Macaw "Ara macao"
* Crimson-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga finschi"
* Olive-throated Parakeet "Aratinga nana"
* Orange-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga canicularis"
* Sulphur-winged Parakeet "Pyrrhura hoffmanni"
* Barred Parakeet "Bolborhynchus lineola"
* Orange-chinned Parakeet "Brotogeris jugularis"
* Red-fronted Parrotlet "Touit costaricensis" Vulnerable
* Brown-hooded Parrot "Pionopsitta haematotis"
* Blue-headed Parrot "Pionus menstruus"
* White-crowned Parrot "Pionus senilis"
* White-fronted Amazon "Amazona albifrons"
* Red-lored Amazon "Amazona autumnalis"
* Yellow-crowned Amazon "Amazona ochrocephala"
* Yellow-naped Amazon "Amazona auropalliata"
* Mealy Amazon "Amazona farinosa"

Cuculidae

* Black-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
* Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
* Mangrove Cuckoo "Coccyzus minor"
* Cocos Island Cuckoo "Coccyzus ferrugineus" Cocos Islands only Vulnerable
* Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
* Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
* Groove-billed Ani "Crotophaga sulcirostris"
* Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
* Pheasant Cuckoo "Dromococcyx phasianellus"
* Lesser Ground-Cuckoo "Morococcyx erythropygus"
* Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo "Neomorphus geoffroyi"

Tytonidae

* Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Strigidae

* Western Screech-Owl "Megascops kennicottii"
* Pacific Screech-Owl "Megascops cooperi"
* Tropical Screech-Owl "Megascops choliba"
* Bare-shanked Screech-Owl "Megascops clarkii"
* Guatemalan Screech-Owl "Megascops guatemalae"
* Vermiculated Screech-Owl "Megascops vermiculatus"
* Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
* Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata"
* Black-and-white Owl "Ciccaba nigrolineata"
* Crested Owl "Lophostrix cristata"
* Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata'
* Costa Rican Pygmy-owl "Glaucidium costaricanum"
* Central American Pygmy-owl "Glaucidium griseiceps"
* Ferruginous Pygmy-owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
* Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia" Rare/Accidental
* Unspotted Saw-whet Owl "Aegolius ridgwayi"
* Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
* Stygian Owl "Asio stygius" Rare/Accidental
* Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus" Rare/Accidental

Steatornithidae

* Oilbird "Steatornis caripensis" Rare/Accidental

Nyctibiidae

* Great Potoo "Nyctibius grandis"
* Northern Potoo "Nyctibius jamaicensis"
* Common Potoo "Nyctibius griseus"

Caprimulgidae

* Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
* Lesser Nighthawk "Chordeiles acutipennis"
* Common Nighthawk "Chordeiles minor"
* Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
* Ocellated Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus ocellatus"
* Chuck-will's-widow "Caprimulgus carolinensis"
* Rufous Nightjar "Caprimulgus rufus"
* Whip-poor-will "Caprimulgus vociferus" Rare/Accidental
* Dusky Nightjar "Caprimulgus saturatus"
* White-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus cayennensis"

Apodidae

* Black Swift "Cypseloides niger"
* Spot-fronted Swift "Cypseloides cherriei" Data deficient
* White-chinned Swift "Cypseloides cryptus"
* Chestnut-collared Swift "Streptoprocne rutila"
* White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
* Gray-rumped Swift "Chaetura cinereiventris"
* Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica"
* Vaux's Swift "Chaetura vauxi"
* Great Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila sanctihieronymi" Rare/Accidental
* Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift "Panyptila cayennensis"
* Costa Rican Swift "Chaetura fumosa"

Trochilidae

* White-tipped Sicklebill "Eutoxeres aquila"
* Bronzy Hermit "Glaucis aenea"
* Band-tailed Barbthroat "Threnetes ruckeri"
* Green Hermit "Phaethornis guy"
* Long-billed Hermit, "Phaethornis longirostris"
* Stripe-throated Hermit "Phaethornis striigularis"
* Green-fronted Lancebill "Doryfera ludovicae"
* Scaly-breasted Hummingbird "Phaeochroa cuvierii"
* Violet Sabrewing "Campylopterus hemileucurus"
* White-necked Jacobin "Florisuga mellivora"
* Brown Violet-ear "Colibri delphinae"
* Green Violet-ear "Colibri thalassinus"
* Green-breasted Mango "Anthracothorax prevostii"
* Violet-headed Hummingbird "Klais guimeti"
* Rufous-crested Coquette "Lophornis delattrei" Rare/Accidental
* Black-crested Coquette "Lophornis helenae"
* White-crested Coquette "Lophornis adorabilis"
* Green Thorntail "Discosura conversii"
* Garden Emerald "Chlorostilbon assimilis"
* Fiery-throated Hummingbird "Panterpe insignis"
* White-tailed Emerald "Elvira chionura"
* Coppery-headed Emerald "Elvira cupreiceps" Endemic
* Stripe-tailed Hummingbird "Eupherusa eximia"
* Black-bellied Hummingbird "Eupherusa nigriventris"
* Violet-crowned Woodnymph "Thalurania colombica"
* Violet-bellied Hummingbird "Damophila julie"
* Sapphire-throated Hummingbird "Lepidopyga coeruleogularis" Rare/Accidental
* Blue-throated Goldentail "Hylocharis eliciae"
* Rufous-tailed Hummingbird "Amazilia tzacatl"
* Cinnamon Hummingbird "Amazilia rutila"
* White-bellied Emerald "Agyrtria candida" Rare/Accidental
* Blue-chested Hummingbird "Polyerata amabilis"
* Charming Hummingbird "Polyerata decora"
* Mangrove Hummingbird "Polyerata boucardi" Endemic Endangered
* Steely-vented Hummingbird "Saucerottia saucerrottei"
* Indigo-capped Hummingbird "Saucerottia cyanifrons" Rare/Accidental
* Snowy-bellied Hummingbird "Saucerottia edward"
* Blue-tailed Hummingbird "Saucerottia cyanura" Rare/Accidental
* Snowcap "Microchera albocoronata"
* White-vented Plumeleteer "Chalybura buffonii"
* Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer "Chalybura urochrysia"
* White-bellied Mountain-gem "Lampornis hemileucus"
* Purple-throated Mountain-gem "Lampornis calolaema"
* Gray-tailed Mountain-gem "Lampornis cinereicauda" Endemic
* Green-crowned Brilliant "Heliodoxa jacula"
* Magnificent Hummingbird "Eugenes fulgens"
* Purple-crowned Fairy "Heliothryx barroti"
* Plain-capped Starthroat "Heliomaster constantii"
* Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
* Magenta-throated Woodstar "Calliphlox bryantae"
* Ruby-throated Hummingbird "Archilochus colubris"
* Scintillant Hummingbird "Selasphorus scintilla"
* Volcano Hummingbird "Selasphorus flammula"
* Alfaros Hummingbird "Saucerottia alfaroana" Endemic

Trogonidae

* Black-headed Trogon "Trogon melanocephalus"
* Baird's Trogon "Trogon bairdii" Near-threatened
* Violaceous Trogon "Trogon violaceus"
* Mountain Trogon "Trogon mexicanus"
* Collared Trogon "Trogon collaris"
* Elegant Trogon "Trogon elegans"
* Orange-bellied Trogon "Trogon aurantiiventris"
* Black-throated Trogon "Trogon rufus"
* Slaty-tailed Trogon "Trogon massena"
* Lattice-tailed Trogon "Trogon clathratus"
* Resplendent Quetzal "Pharomachrus mocinno" Near-threatened

Alcedinidae

* Belted Kingfisher "Ceryle alcyon"
* Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
* Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
* Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
* Green-and-rufous Kingfisher "Chloroceryle inda"
* American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea"

Momotidae

* Tody Motmot "Hylomanes momotula"
* Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"
* Rufous Motmot "Baryphthengus martii"
* Keel-billed Motmot "Electron carinatum" Vulnerable
* Broad-billed Motmot "Electron platyrhynchum'
* Turquoise-browed Motmot ‘"‘Eumomota superciliosa"

Galbulidae

* Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"
* Great Jacamar "Jacamerops aureus"

Bucconidae

* White-necked Puffbird "Notharchus macrorhynchos"
* Pied Puffbird "Notharchus tectus"
* White-whiskered Puffbird "Malacoptila panamensis"
* Lanceolated Monklet "Micromonacha lanceolata"
* White-fronted Nunbird "Monasa morphoeus"

Capitonidae

* Red-headed Barbet "Eubucco bourcierii"
* Prong-billed Barbet "Semnornis frantzii"

Ramphastidae

* Collared Aracari "Pteroglossus torquatus"
* Fiery-billed Aracari "Pteroglossus frantzii"
* Yellow-eared Toucanet "Selenidera spectabilis"
* Keel-billed Toucan "Ramphastos sulfuratus"
* Chestnut-mandibled Toucan "Ramphastos swainsonii"
* Emerald Toucanet "Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis"

Picidae

* Olivaceous Piculet "Picumnus olivaceus"
* Acorn Woodpecker "Melanerpes formicivorus"
* Golden-naped Woodpecker "Melanerpes chrysauchen"
* Black-cheeked Woodpecker "Melanerpes pucherani"
* Red-crowned Woodpecker "Melanerpes rubricapillus"
* Hoffmann's Woodpecker "Melanerpes hoffmannii"
* Yellow-bellied Sapsucker "Sphyrapicus varius"
* Hairy Woodpecker "Picoides villosus"
* Smoky-brown Woodpecker "Veniliornis fumigatus"
* Red-rumped Woodpecker "Veniliornis kirkii"
* Rufous-winged Woodpecker "Piculus simplex"
* Golden-green Woodpecker "Piculus chrysochloros"
* Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
* Cinnamon Woodpecker "Celeus loricatus"
* Chestnut-colored Woodpecker "Celeus castaneus"
* Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
* Pale-billed Woodpecker "Campephilus guatemalensis"

Furnariidae

* Pale-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albescens"
* Slaty Spinetail "Synallaxis brachyura"
* Red-faced Spinetail "Cranioleuca erythrops"
* Spotted Barbtail "Premnoplex brunnescens"
* Ruddy Treerunner "Margarornis rubiginosus"
* Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
* Streaked Xenops "Xenops rutilans"
* Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia variegaticeps"
* Buffy Tuftedcheek "Pseudocolaptes lawrencii"
* Streak-breasted Treehunter "Thripadectes rufobrunneus"
* Lineated Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla subalaris"
* Striped Woodhaunter "Hyloctistes subulatus"
* Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner "Philydor rufus"
* Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner "Automolus ochrolaemus"
* Ruddy Foliage-gleaner "Automolus rubiginosus"
* Tawny-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus mexicanus"
* Gray-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus albigularis"
* Scaly-throated Leaftosser "Sclerurus guatemalensis"

Dendrocolaptidae

* Tawny-winged Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla anabatina"
* Plain-brown Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla fuliginosa"
* Ruddy Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla homochroa"
* Long-tailed Woodcreeper "Deconychura longicauda"
* Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
* Wedge-billed Woodcreeper "Glyphorynchus spirurus"
* Strong-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
* Northern Barred-Woodcreeper ‘"‘Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae"
* Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
* Cocoa Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus susurrans"
* Ivory-billed Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus flavigaster"
* Black-striped Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus"
* Spotted Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus erythropygius"
* Streak-headed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes souleyetii"
* Spot-crowned Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes affinis'
* Brown-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus pusillus"

Thamnophilidae

* Fasciated Antshrike "Cymbilaimus lineatus"
* Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
* Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
* Black-hooded Antshrike "Thamnophilus bridgesi"
* Western Slaty-Antshrike "Thamnophilus atrinucha"
* Russet Antshrike "Thamnistes anabatinus"
* Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
* Streak-crowned Antvireo "Dysithamnus striaticeps"
* Spot-crowned Antvireo "Dysithamnus puncticeps"
* Checker-throated Antwren "Myrmotherula fulviventris"
* White-flanked Antwren "Myrmotherula axillaris"
* Slaty Antwren "Myrmotherula schisticolor"
* Dot-winged Antwren "Microrhopias quixensis"
* Rufous-rumped Antwren "Terenura callinota"
* Dusky Antbird "Cercomacra tyrannina"
* Bare-crowned Antbird "Gymnocichla nudiceps"
* Chestnut-backed Antbird "Myrmeciza exsul"
* Dull-mantled Antbird "Myrmeciza laemosticta"
* Immaculate Antbird "Myrmeciza immaculata"
* Bicolored Antbird "Gymnopithys leucaspis"
* Wing-banded Antbird "Myrmornis torquata"
* Spotted Antbird "Hylophylax naevioides"
* Ocellated Antbird "Phaenostictus mcleannani"

Formicariidae

* Black-headed Antthrush "Formicarius nigricapillus"
* Black-faced Antthrush "Formicarius analis"
* Rufous-breasted Antthrush "Formicarius rufipectus"
* Black-crowned Antpitta "Pittasoma michleri"
* Scaled Antpitta "Grallaria guatimalensis"
* Streak-chested Antpitta "Hylopezus perspicillatus"
* Fulvous-bellied Antpitta "Hylopezus dives"
* Ochre-breasted Antpitta "Grallaricula flavirostris"

Rhinocryptidae

* Silvery-fronted Tapaculo "Scytalopus argentifrons"

Cotingidae

* Sharpbill "Oxyruncus cristatus"
* Rufous Piha "Lipaugus unirufus"
* Lovely Cotinga "Cotinga amabilis"
* Turquoise Cotinga "Cotinga ridgwayi" Vulnerable
* Yellow-billed Cotinga "Carpodectes antoniae" Endangered
* Snowy Cotinga "Carpodectes nitidus"
* Purple-throated Fruitcrow "Querula purpurata"
* Bare-necked Umbrellabird "Cephalopterus glabricollis Vulnerable
* Three-wattled Bellbird "Procnias tricarunculata" Vulnerable

Pipridae

* White-collared Manakin "Manacus candei"
* Orange-collared Manakin "Manacus aurantiacus"
* White-ruffed Manakin "Corapipo altera"
* Lance-tailed Manakin "Chiroxiphia lanceolata"
* Long-tailed Manakin "Chiroxiphia linearis"
* White-crowned Manakin "Dixiphia pipra"
* Blue-crowned Manakin "Lepidothrix coronata"
* Red-capped Manakin "Pipra mentalis"
* Gray-headed Piprites "Piprites griseiceps"
* Thrush-like Schiffornis "Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrannidae

* Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet "Ornithion semiflavum"
* Brown-capped Tyrannulet "Ornithion brunneicapillus"
* Northern Beardless Tyrannulet "Camptostoma imberbe"
* Southern Beardless Tyrannulet "Camptostoma obsoletum"
* Cocos Island Flycatcher "Nesotriccus ridgwayi" Outlying islands only Vulnerable
* Yellow Tyrannulet "Capsiempis flaveola"
* Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet "Tyrannulus elatus"
* Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
* Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
* Lesser Elaenia "Elaenia chiriquensis"
* Mountain Elaenia "Elaenia frantzii"
* Torrent Tyrannulet "Serpophaga cinerea"
* Ochre-bellied Flycatcher "Mionectes oleagineus"
* Olive-striped Flycatcher "Mionectes olivaceus"
* Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
* Slaty-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon superciliaris"
* Rufous-browed Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes superciliaris"
* Rough-legged Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias burmeisteri"
* Mistletoe Tyrannulet "Zimmerius vilissimus"
* Northern Scrub-Flycatcher "Sublegatus arenarum"
* Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant "Myiornis atricapillus"
* Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant "Lophotriccus pileatus"
* Northern Bentbill "Oncostoma cinereigulare"
* Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant "Poecilotriccus sylvia"
* Common Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum cinereum"
* Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher "Todirostrum nigriceps"
* Eye-ringed Flatbill "Rhynchocyclus brevirostris"
* Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
* Yellow-margined Flycatcher "Tolmomyias assimilis"
* Stub-tailed Spadebill "Platyrinchus cancrominus"
* Golden-crowned Spadebill "Platyrinchus coronatus"
* White-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus mystaceus"
* Northern Royal-Flycatcher "Onychorhynchus mexicanus"
* Bran-colored Flycatcher "Myiophobus fasciatus"
* Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher "Terenotriccus erythrurus"
* Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher "Myiobius sulphureipygius"
* Black-tailed Flycatcher "Myiobius atricaudus"
* Tawny-chested Flycatcher "Aphanotriccus capitalis" Vulnerable
* Tufted Flycatcher "Mitrephanes phaeocercus"
* Olive-sided Flycatcher "Contopus cooperi"
* Dark Pewee "Contopus lugubris" Endemic
* Ochraceous Pewee "Contopus ochraceus"
* Western Wood-Pewee "Contopus sordidulus"
* Eastern Wood-Pewee "Contopus virens"
* Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
* Yellow-bellied Flycatcher "Empidonax flaviventris"
* Acadian Flycatcher "Empidonax virescens"
* Alder Flycatcher "Empidonax alnorum"
* Willow Flycatcher "Empidonax traillii"
* White-throated Flycatcher "Empidonax albigularis"
* Least Flycatcher "Empidonax minimus" Rare/Accidental
* Yellowish Flycatcher "Empidonax flavescens"
* Black-capped Flycatcher "Empidonax atriceps"
* Black Phoebe "Sayornis nigricans"
* Long-tailed Tyrant "Colonia colonus"
* Bright-rumped Attila "Attila spadiceus"
* Speckled Mourner "Laniocera rufescens"
* Rufous Mourner "Rhytipterna holerythra"
* Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
* Panama Flycatcher "Myiarchus panamensis"
* Ash-throated Flycatcher "Myiarchus cinerascens" Rare/Accidental
* Nutting's Flycatcher "Myiarchus nuttingi"
* Great Crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus crinitus"
* Brown-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
* Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
* Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
* Rusty-margined Flycatcher "Myiozetetes cayanensis" Rare/Accidental
* Social Flycatcher "Myiozetetes similis"
* Grey-capped Flycatcher "Myiozetetes granadensis"
* White-ringed Flycatcher "Conopias albovittata"
* Golden-bellied Flycatcher "Myiodynastes hemichrysus"
* Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
* Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher "Myiodynastes luteiventris"
* Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
* Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
* Couch's Kingbird "Tyrannus couchii"
* Western Kingbird "Tyrannus verticalis"
* Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
* Gray Kingbird "Tyrannus dominicensis" Rare/Accidental
* Scissor-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus forficatus"
* Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
* Barred Becard "Pachyramphus versicolor"
* Cinnamon Becard "Pachyramphus cinnamomeus"
* White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
* Black-and-white Becard "Pachyramphus albogriseus"
* Rose-throated Becard "Pachyramphus aglaiae"
* Masked Tityra "Tityra semifasciata"
* Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"

Hirundinidae

* Brown-chested Martin "Progne tapera" Rare/Accidental
* Purple Martin "Progne subis"
* Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
* Tree Swallow "Tachycineta bicolor"
* Mangrove Swallow "Tachycineta albilinea"
* Violet-green Swallow "Tachycineta thalassina" Rare/Accidental
* Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
* Northern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx serripennis"
* Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
* Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
* Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
* Cave Swallow "Petrochelidon fulva" Rare/Accidental
* Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Ptilogonatidae

* Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher "Phainoptila melanoxantha"
* Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher "Ptilogonys caudatus"

Bombycillidae

* Cedar Waxwing "Bombycilla cedrorum"

Cinclidae

* American Dipper "Cinclus mexicanus"

Troglodytidae

* Band-backed Wren "Campylorhynchus zonatus"
* Rufous-naped Wren "Campylorhynchus rufinucha"
* Rock Wren "Salpinctes obsoletus"
* Black-throated Wren "Thryothorus atrogularis"
* Black-bellied Wren "Thryothorus fasciatoventris"
* Spot-breasted Wren "Thryothorus maculipectus"
* Rufous-breasted Wren "Thryothorus rutilus'
* Riverside Wren "Thryothorus semibadius"
* Bay Wren "Thryothorus nigricapillus"
* Stripe-breasted Wren "Thryothorus thoracicus"
* Banded Wren "Thryothorus pleurostictus"
* Rufous-and-white Wren "Thryothorus rufalbus"
* Plain Wren "Thryothorus modestus"
* House Wren "Troglodytes aedon"
* Ochraceous Wren "Troglodytes ochraceus"
* Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"
* Timberline Wren "Thryorchilus browni"
* White-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucosticta"
* Gray-breasted Wood-Wren "Henicorhina leucophrys"
* Nightingale Wren "Microcerculus philomela"
* Scaly-breasted Wren "Microcerculus marginatus"
* Song Wren "Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus"

Mimidae

* Gray Catbird "Dumetella carolinensis"
* Tropical Mockingbird "Mimus gilvus"

Turdidae

* Black-faced Solitaire "Myadestes melanops"
* Orange-billed Nightingale-thrush "Catharus aurantiirostris"
* Slaty-backed Nightingale-thrush "Catharus fuscater"
* Black-billed Nightingale-thrush "Catharus gracilirostris"
* Ruddy-capped Nightingale-thrush "Catharus frantzii"
* Black-headed Nightingale-thrush "Catharus mexicanus"
* Spotted Nightingale-thrush "Catharus dryas"
* Veery "Catharus fuscescens"
* Gray-cheeked Thrush "Catharus minimus"
* Swainson's Thrush "Catharus ustulatus"
* Wood Thrush "Hylocichla mustelina"
* Sooty Robin "Turdus nigrescens"
* Mountain Robin "Turdus plebejus"
* Pale-vented Thrush "Turdus obsoletus"
* Clay-colored Robin "Turdus grayi"
* White-throated Thrush "Turdus assimilis"

Polioptilidae

* Tawny-faced Gnatwren "Microbates cinereiventris"
* Long-billed Gnatwren "Ramphocaenus melanurus"
* White-lored Gnatcatcher "Polioptila albiloris"
* Tropical Gnatcatcher "Polioptila plumbea"

Corvidae

* White-throated Magpie-Jay "Calocitta formosa"
* Black-chested Jay "Cyanocorax affinis"
* Brown Jay "Cyanocorax morio"
* Azure-hooded Jay "Cyanolyca cucullata"
* Silvery-throated Jay "Cyanolyca argentigula"

Vireonidae

* White-eyed Vireo "Vireo griseus" Rare/Accidental
* Mangrove Vireo "Vireo pallens"
* Yellow-throated Vireo "Vireo flavifrons"
* Blue-headed Vireo "Vireo solitarius" Rare/Accidental
* Yellow-winged Vireo "Vireo carmioli"
* Warbling Vireo "Vireo gilvus" Rare/Accidental
* Brown-capped Vireo "Vireo leucophrys"
* Philadelphia Vireo "Vireo philadelphicus"
* Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
* Yellow-green Vireo "Vireo flavoviridis"
* Black-whiskered Vireo "Vireo altiloquus" Rare/Accidental
* Scrub Greenlet "Hylophilus flavipes"
* Tawny-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
* Lesser Greenlet "Hylophilus decurtatus"
* Green Shrike-Vireo "Vireolanius pulchellus"
* Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"

Parulidae

* Blue-winged Warbler "Vermivora pinus"
* Golden-winged Warbler "Vermivora chrysoptera"
* Tennessee Warbler "Vermivora peregrina"
* Orange-crowned Warbler "Vermivora celata" Rare/Accidental
* Nashville Warbler "Vermivora ruficapilla" Rare/Accidental
* Flame-throated Warbler "Parula gutturalis"
* Northern Parula "Parula americana" Rare/Accidental
* Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
* Yellow Warbler "Dendroica petechia"
* Chestnut-sided Warbler "Dendroica pensylvanica"
* Magnolia Warbler "Dendroica magnolia"
* Cape May Warbler "Dendroica tigrina"
* Black-throated Blue Warbler "Dendroica caerulescens" Rare/Accidental
* Yellow-rumped Warbler "Dendroica coronata"
* Black-throated Green Warbler "Dendroica virens"
* Townsend's Warbler "Dendroica townsendi"
* Hermit Warbler "Dendroica occidentalis" Rare/Accidental
* Blackburnian Warbler "Dendroica fusca"
* Yellow-throated Warbler "Dendroica dominica"
* Pine Warbler "Dendroica pinus" Rare/Accidental
* Prairie Warbler "Dendroica discolor"Rare/Accidental
* Palm Warbler "Dendroica palmarum"
* Bay-breasted Warbler "Dendroica castanea"
* Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata" Rare/Accidental
* Cerulean Warbler "Dendroica cerulea"
* Black-and-white Warbler "Mniotilta varia"
* American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
* Prothonotary Warbler "Protonotaria citrea"
* Worm-eating Warbler "Helmitheros vermivorus"
* Ovenbird "Seiurus aurocapilla"
* Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
* Louisiana Waterthrush "Seiurus motacilla"
* Kentucky Warbler "Oporornis formosus"
* Connecticut Warbler "Oporornis agilis" Rare/Accidental
* Mourning Warbler "Oporornis philadelphia"
* MacGillivray's Warbler "Oporornis tolmiei"
* Common Yellowthroat "Geothlypis trichas"
* Olive-crowned Yellowthroat "Geothlypis semiflava"
* Masked Yellowthroat "Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
* Gray-crowned Yellowthroat "Geothlypis poliocephala"
* Hooded Warbler "Wilsonia citrina"
* Wilson's Warbler "Wilsonia pusilla"
* Canada Warbler "Wilsonia canadensis"
* Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus"
* Collared Redstart "Myioborus torquatus"
* Golden-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus culicivorus"
* Rufous-capped Warbler "Basileuterus rufifrons"
* Black-cheeked Warbler "Basileuterus melanogenys"
* Three-striped Warbler "Basileuterus tristriatus"
* Buff-rumped Warbler "Basileuterus fulvicauda"
* Wrenthrush "Zeledonia coronata"
* Yellow-breasted Chat "Icteria virens"

Coerebidae

* Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"

Thraupidae

* Common Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
* Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus pileatus"
* Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus canigularis"
* Black-and-yellow Tanager "Chrysothlypis chrysomelaena"
* Rosy Thrush-Tanager "Rhodinocichla rosea"
* Dusky-faced Tanager "Mitrospingus cassinii"
* Olive Tanager "Chlorothraupis carmioli"
* Gray-headed Tanager "Eucometis penicillata"
* White-throated Shrike-Tanager "Lanio leucothorax"
* Sulphur-rumped Tanager "Heterospingus rubrifrons"
* White-shouldered Tanager "Tachyphonus luctuosus"
* Tawny-crested Tanager "Tachyphonus delatrii"
* White-lined Tanager "Tachyphonus rufus"
* Red-crowned Ant-Tanager "Habia rubica"
* Red-throated Ant-Tanager "Habia fuscicauda"
* Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager "Habia atrimaxillaris" Endemic Endangered
* Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
* Scarlet Tanager "Piranga olivacea"
* Summer Tanager "Piranga rubra"
* Western Tanager "Piranga ludoviciana"
* Flame-colored Tanager "Piranga bidentata"
* White-winged Tanager "Piranga leucoptera"
* Crimson-collared Tanager "Ramphocelus sanguinolentus"
* Passerini's Tanager "Ramphocelus passerinii"
* Cherrie's Tanager "Ramphocelus costaricensis" Endemic
* Blue-gray Tanager "Thraupis episcopus"
* Yellow-winged Tanager "Thraupis abbas" Rare/Accidental
* Palm Tanager "Thraupis palmarum"
* Blue-and-gold Tanager "Bangsia arcaei" Near-threatened
* Scrub Euphonia "Euphonia affinis"
* Yellow-crowned Euphonia "Euphonia luteicapilla"
* Thick-billed Euphonia "Euphonia laniirostris"
* Yellow-throated Euphonia "Euphonia hirundinacea"
* Elegant Euphonia "Euphonia elegantissima"
* Spot-crowned Euphonia "Euphonia imitans"
* Fulvous-vented Euphonia "Euphonia fulvicrissa"
* Olive-backed Euphonia "Euphonia gouldi"
* White-vented Euphonia "Euphonia minuta"
* Tawny-capped Euphonia "Euphonia anneae"
* Golden-browed Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia callophrys"
* Plain-colored Tanager "Tangara inornata"
* Emerald Tanager "Tangara florida"
* Silver-throated Tanager "Tangara icterocephala"
* Speckled Tanager "Tangara guttata"
* Bay-headed Tanager "Tangara gyrola"
* Rufous-winged Tanager "Tangara lavinia"
* Golden-hooded Tanager "Tangara larvata"
* Spangle-cheeked Tanager "Tangara dowii"
* Scarlet-thighed Dacnis "Dacnis venusta"
* Blue Dacnis "Dacnis cayana"
* Green Honeycreeper "Chlorophanes spiza"
* Shining Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes lucidus"
* Red-legged Honeycreeper "Cyanerpes cyaneus"

Emberizidae

* Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
* Slate-colored Seedeater "Sporophila schistacea"
* Variable Seedeater "Sporophila corvina"
* White-collared Seedeater "Sporophila torqueola"
* Yellow-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila nigricollis"
* Ruddy-breasted Seedeater "Sporophila minuta"
* Nicaraguan Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus nuttingi"
* Thick-billed Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus funereus"
* Blue Seedeater "Amaurospiza concolor"
* Yellow-faced Grassquit "Tiaris olivacea"
* Cocos Island Finch "Pinaroloxias inornata' Outlying islands only Vulnerable
* Slaty Finch "Haplospiza rustica"
* Peg-billed Finch "Acanthidops bairdii"
* Slaty Flowerpiercer "Diglossa plumbea"
* Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola" Rare/Accidental
* Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch "Emberizoides herbicola"
* Sooty-faced Finch "Lysurus crassirostris"
* Yellow-thighed Finch "Pselliophorus tibialis"
* Large-footed Finch "Pezopetes capitalis"
* White-naped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes albinucha"
* Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch "Buarremon brunneinucha"
* Stripe-headed Brush-Finch "Buarremon torquatus"
* Orange-billed Sparrow "Arremon aurantiirostris"
* Olive Sparrow "Arremonops rufivirgatus"
* Black-striped Sparrow "Arremonops conirostris"
* Prevost's Ground-Sparrow "Melozone biarcuatum"
* White-eared Ground-Sparrow "Melozone leucotis"
* Stripe-headed Sparrow "Aimophila ruficauda"
* Botteri's Sparrow "Aimophila botterii"
* Rusty Sparrow "Aimophila rufescens"
* Chipping Sparrow "Spizella passerina" Rare/Accidental
* Savannah Sparrow "Passerculus sandwichensis" Rare/Accidental
* Grasshopper Sparrow "Ammodramus savannarum"
* Lincoln's Sparrow "Melospiza lincolnii" Rare/Accidental
* Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"
* Volcano Junco "Junco vulcani"

Cardinalidae

* Streaked Saltator "Saltator striatipectus"
* Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
* Buff-throated Saltator "Saltator maximus"
* Black-headed Saltator "Saltator atriceps"
* Slate-colored Grosbeak "Saltator grossus"
* Black-faced Grosbeak "Caryothraustes poliogaster"
* Black-thighed Grosbeak "Pheucticus tibialis"
* Rose-breasted Grosbeak "Pheucticus ludovicianus"
* Black-headed Grosbeak "Pheucticus melanocephalus" Rare/Accidental
* Blue Bunting "Cyanocompsa parellina" Outlying islands only
* Blue-black Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa cyanoides"
* Blue Grosbeak "Passerina caerulea"
* Indigo Bunting "Passerina cyanea"
* Painted Bunting "Passerina ciris"
* Dickcissel "Spiza americana"

Icteridae

* Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
* Red-winged Blackbird "Agelaius phoeniceus"
* Red-breasted Blackbird "Sturnella militaris"
* Eastern Meadowlark "Sturnella magna"
* Yellow-headed Blackbird "Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus" Rare/Accidental
* Melodious Blackbird "Dives dives"
* Great-tailed Grackle "Quiscalus mexicanus"
* Nicaraguan Grackle "Quiscalus nicaraguensis"
* Bronzed Cowbird "Molothrus aeneus"
* Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
* Yellow-backed Oriole "Icterus chrysater"
* Yellow-tailed Oriole "Icterus mesomelas"
* Spot-breasted Oriole "Icterus pectoralis"
* Streak-backed Oriole "Icterus pustulatus"
* Baltimore Oriole "Icterus galbula"
* Bullock's Oriole "Icterus bullockii" Rare/Accidental
* Black-backed Oriole "Icterus abeillei" Rare/Accidental
* Orchard Oriole "Icterus spurius"
* Black-cowled Oriole "Icterus prosthemelas"
* Yellow-billed Cacique "Amblycercus holosericeus"
* Scarlet-rumped Cacique "Cacicus uropygialis"
* Crested Oropendola "Psarocolius decumanus" Rare/Accidental
* Chestnut-headed Oropendola "Psarocolius wagleri"
* Montezuma Oropendola "Gymnostinops montezuma"

Fringillidae

* Yellow-bellied Siskin "Carduelis xanthogastra"
* Lesser Goldfinch "Carduelis psaltria"

Passeridae

* House Sparrow "Passer domesticus" Introduced species

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region

References

*"Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists" - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323

External links

* [http://www.zeledonia.org/files/aves.html Official List of the Birds of Costa Rica]
** [http://avesdecostarica.org/pdfs/Lista_oficial.pdf Update of list (pdf)]


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