Lake Tshangalele


Lake Tshangalele
Lake Tshangalele
Coordinates 10°52′50″S 26°59′33″E / 10.880556°S 26.9925°E / -10.880556; 26.9925Coordinates: 10°52′50″S 26°59′33″E / 10.880556°S 26.9925°E / -10.880556; 26.9925
Lake type artificial lake
Primary inflows Lufira River
Primary outflows Lufira River
Basin countries Democratic Republic of Congo
Max. length 25 km (16 mi)
Max. width 24 km (15 mi)
Surface area 362.5 km²
Average depth 2.6 m (8.5 ft)
Max. depth 14 m (46 ft)
Water volume 1063 km3
Surface elevation 1,105.75 m (3,627.8 ft)

Lake Tshangalele, also known as Lake Lufira or Mwadingusha Reservoir, is an artificial lake in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is located about 20 km east of the city of Likasi in the old province of Katanga. It lies at about 1,100 m above sea-level in a large depression surrounded by low mountains. It was created by a dam built on the Lufira River near Mwadingusha in 1926 to provide hydro-electric power. The area of open water is about 362.5 km2. During the wettest months of February and March, the area flooded reaches a maximum of 440 km2. The lake is shallow with a mean depth of only 2.6 m.

The lake holds a variety of fish including longfin tilapia (Oreochromis macrochir), redbelly tilapia (Tilapia zillii), thinface cichlid (Serranochromis angusticeps) and North African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). It supports an important commercial fishery with the tilapias the main species caught. Surrounding the lake, there are extensive swamps where Typha and Cyperus grow. The region is rich in birdlife such as the Lake Lufira Weaver (Ploceus ruweti) which is endemic to the area. The lake was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1982 and is classed as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of lakes — This list of major or noteworthy lakes is sorted alphabetically by continent. Once a main article exists for a country, that link will replace the list here for reasons of order and article organization.For rank order lists, see List of lakes by… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Lacs Du Monde — Liste de lacs, non exhaustive, ordonnée par continent : Sommaire 1 Afrique 1.1 Lacs partagés entre plusieurs pays 1.2 Algérie 1.3 Congo Kinshasa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste de lacs du monde — Liste des lacs du monde Liste de lacs, non exhaustive, ordonnée par continent : Sommaire 1 Afrique 1.1 Lacs partagés entre plusieurs pays 1.2 Algérie 1.3 Congo Kinshasa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des lacs — du monde Liste de lacs, non exhaustive, ordonnée par continent : Sommaire 1 Afrique 1.1 Lacs partagés entre plusieurs pays 1.2 Algérie 1.3 Congo Kinshasa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lagos del mundo — Anexo:Lagos del mundo Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Lista de lagos, no exhaustiva, ordenados por continentes : América Contenido 1 África 1.1 Lagos compartidos entre varios países 1.2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anexo:Lagos del mundo — Lista de lagos, no exhaustiva, ordenados por continentes : Contenido 1 África 1.1 Lagos compartidos entre varios países 1.2 República democrática del Congo 1.3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste des lacs du monde — Liste de lacs, non exhaustive, ordonnée par continent : Sommaire 1 Afrique 1.1 Lacs partagés entre plusieurs pays 1.2 Algérie 1.3 Congo Kinshasa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ruwet-Weber — Systematik Unterstamm: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata) Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeridae) Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.