Cast net


Cast net
A fisherman casting a net in Kerala, India

A cast net, also called a throw net, is a net used for fishing. It is a circular net with small weights distributed around its edge.

The net is cast or thrown by hand in such a manner that it spreads out on the water and sinks. This technique is called net casting or net throwing. Fish are caught as the net is hauled back in.[1] This simple device is particularly effective for catching small bait or forage fish, and has been in use, with various modifications, for thousands of years.

Contents

Construction and technique

Contemporary cast nets have a radius which ranges from 4 to 12 feet (1.2 to 3.6 metres). Only strong people can lift the larger nets once they are filled with fish. Standard nets for recreational fishing have a four foot hoop. Weights are usually distributed around the edge at about one pound per foot (1.5 kilograms per metre). Attached to the net is a landline, one end of which is held in the hand as the net is thrown. When the net is full, a retrieval clamp, which works like a wringer on a mop, closes the net around the fish. The net is then retrieved by pulling on the landline. The net is lifted into a bucket and the clamp is released, dumping the caught fish into the bucket.[2]

Cast nets work best in water no deeper than their radius. Casting is best done in waters free of obstructions. Reeds cause tangles and branches can rip nets. The net caster stands with one hand holding the landline, and with the net draped over the other arm, so the weights dangle. The line is then thrown out to the water, using both hands, in a circular motion rather as in hammer throwing. The net can be cast from a boat, or from the shore, or by wading. [1]

There are also optional net throwers that can make casting easier. These look like a lid from a trash can, including the handle on top. The outside circumference has a deep gutter. The net is loaded along the gutter and the weights are placed inside the gutter. The net is then tossed into the water using the thrower.

History

Mosaic, 4th century BC, showing a retiarius or "net fighter", with a trident and cast net, fighting a secutor.

In Norse mythology the sea giantess Rán cast a fishing net to trap lost sailors. In Ancient Rome, in a parody of fishing, a type of gladiator called a retiarius or "net fighter" was armed with a trident and a cast net. The retiarius was traditionally pitted against a secutor.[3]

Between 177 and 180 the Greek author Oppian wrote the Halieutica, a didactic poem about fishing. He described various means of fishing including the use of nets cast from boats. References to cast nets can also be found in the New Testament.[4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Dunbar
  2. ^ Burnley, pp 63–64.
  3. ^ * Auguet, Roland [1970] (1994). Cruelty and Civilization: The Roman Games. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-10452-1.
  4. ^ Luke 5:4-6; John 21:3-7a

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cast net — noun also casting net : a circular or conical weighted net designed to be cast mouth downward by hand and withdrawn by lines attached to its margin compare dip net, setnet * * * n. Fishing a net that is thrown out and immediately drawn in again,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cast net — noun a (usually weighted) fishing net that is thrown and then pulled back via an attached line …   Wiktionary

  • cast net — noun Fishing a net that is thrown out and drawn in again, as opposed to one that is set up and left …   English new terms dictionary

  • cast-net — castnet …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • cast net wide — cast (your) net wide/wider to think about a large number of things or people when choosing the thing or person that you want. If we don t get many interesting candidates this time round we may have to cast our net a little wider …   New idioms dictionary

  • cast net wider — cast (your) net wide/wider to think about a large number of things or people when choosing the thing or person that you want. If we don t get many interesting candidates this time round we may have to cast our net a little wider …   New idioms dictionary

  • supported cast net — a cast net too heavy to be used by hand and so is operated from a boat with supports …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • cast — v. & n. v. (past and past part. cast) 1 tr. throw, esp. deliberately or forcefully. 2 tr. (often foll. by on, over) a direct or cause to fall (one s eyes, a glance, light, a shadow, a spell, etc.). b express (doubts, aspersions, etc.). 3 tr.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • net — I 1. noun 1) fishermen mending their nets Syn: fishing net, dragnet, drift net, trawl (net), landing net, gill net, cast net, seine 2) a dress of green net Syn: netting, meshwork, webbing …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • Cast-iron cookware — Cast iron is used for cookware because it is non toxic, has excellent heat retention and diffusion properties, and is easy to mold. Cast iron cookware is either bare or enameled. Bare cast ironBare cast iron vessels have been used for cooking for …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.