Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887April 18, 1949) was an American linguist, whose influence dominated the development of structural linguistics in America between the 1930s and the 1950s. He is most especially known for his book "Language" (1933), describing the state of the art of linguistics at its time.

Bloomfield was the main founder of the Linguistic Society of America.

Bloomfield's thought was mainly characterized by its behavioristic principles for the study of meaning, its insistence on formal procedures for the analysis of language data, as well as a general concern to provide linguistics with rigorous scientific methodology. Its pre-eminence decreased in the late 1950s and 1960s, after the emergence of Generative Grammar.

Bloomfield also began the genetic examination of the Algonquian language family with his reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian; his seminal paper on the family remains a cornerstone of Algonquian historical linguistics today.

Publications

*1911: "The Indo-European Palatals in Sanskrit". in: "The American Journal of Philology" 32/1, pp. 36-57.
*1914: "Introduction to the Study of Language". New York: Henery Holt and Co. ISBN 90-272-1892-7.
*1914: "Sentence and Word". in: "Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association" 45, pp. 65-75.
*1916: "Subject and Predicate". in: "Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association" 47, pp. 13-22.
*1917: (with Alfredo Viola Santiago) "Tagalog texts with grammatical analysis". University of Illinois studies in language and literature, 3.2-4. Urbana, Illinois.
*1924: "Notes on the Fox language". in: "International Journal of American Linguistics" 3, pp. 219-232.
*1926: "A set of postulates for the science of language". in: "Language" 2, pp. 153-164 (reprinted in: Martin Joos (ed.), "Readings in Linguistics I", Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press 1957, pp. 26-31).
*1927: "Literate and illiterate speech". in: "American Speech" 2, pp. 432-441.
*1927: "On Some Rules of Pāṇini". in: "Journal of the American Oriental Society" 47, pp. 61-70.
*1928: "Menomini Texts". American Ethnological Society Publications 12. New York. ISBN 0-404-58162-5.
*1930: "Sacred stories of the Sweet Grass Cree". National Museum of Canada Bulletin, 60 (Anthropological Series 11). Ottawa. ISBN 0-404-11821-6.
*1933: "Language". New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-226-06067-5, ISBN 90-272-1892-7. [His "magnum opus"]
*1935: "Linguistic aspects of science". in: "Philosophy of Science" 2/4, pp. 499-517.
*1939: "Menomini morphophonemics". in: "Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague" 8, pp. 105-115.
*1939: "Linguistic aspects of science". Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
*1942: "Outline guide for the practical study of foreign languages". Baltimore.
*1956: "Eastern Ojibwa". Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. [posthumous; Charles F. Hockett (ed.)]
*1962: "The Menomini language". New Haven: Yale University Press. [posthumous; Charles F. Hockett (ed.)]
*1970: Charles F. Hockett (ed.), "A Leonard Bloomfield Anthology". Indiana University Press.ISBN 0-226-06071-3.

References

*Hall, Robert A. Jr. "Leonard Bloomfield: Essays on his life and work". Amsterdam: Benjamins 1987. ISBN 90-272-4530-4.
*Hockett, Charles F.. "Leonard Bloomfield : after fifty years". in: "Historiographia linguistica" (international journal for the history of the language sciences) 26/3 (1999), pp. 295-311. [http://www.ilx.nl/blonline/blonlinesearch2.php?ficheid=200000063411]
*Fought, John G. "Leonard Bloomfield’s linguistic legacy : later uses of some technical features". in: "Historiographie linguistica" 26/3 (1999), pp. 313-332. [http://www.ilx.nl/blonline/blonlinesearch2.php?ficheid=200000063412]
*Manaster Ramer, Alexis. "Ever since Bloomfield". in: "Proceedings of the international congress of linguists" 15/1 (1992-3), pp. 308-310. [http://www.ilx.nl/blonline/blonlinesearch2.php?ficheid=110021451474]

External links

* [http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/abcde/bloomfield_leonard.html A biography]
* [http://www.linguistlist.org/issues/16/16-2350.html A bibliographic list about Bloomfield's reputation as a linguist] in [http://linguistlist.org/ Linguist List] website.
* [http://www.benjamins.nl/jbp/series/HL/31-1/art/0005a.pdf Leonard Bloomfield "Linguistics and Mathematics" (Marcus Tomalin)]


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  • Leonard Bloomfield — (* 2. April 1887 Chicago; † 18. April 1949 New Haven) war ein US amerikanischer Linguist und der maßgebliche Vertreter des amerikanischen Strukturalismus in der Sprachwissenschaft. Sein Hauptwerk Language gilt als das bedeutendste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leonard Bloomfield — (Chicago 1 de abril de 1887 New Haven 18 de abril de 1949) fue un filólogo y lingüista estadounidense, uno de los representantes más importantes del estructuralismo estadounidense. Desarrolló trabajos en morfología y sintaxis. Fue el principal… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leonard Bloomfield — es uno de los representantes más importantes del estructuralismo estadounidense. Desarrolló trabajos en morfología y sintaxis. Falleció en 1949. Los profesores de lingüística de Noam Chomsky siguieron la escuela «post bloomfiediana» …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leonard Bloomfield — Traduction à relire Leonard Bloomfield → …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leonard Bloomfield — noun United States linguist who adopted a behavioristic approach to linguistics (1887 1949) • Syn: ↑Bloomfield • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑linguistic scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leonard Bloomfield Book Award — The Leonard Bloomfield Book Award is presented by the Linguistic Society of America to the recently published book which makes the most outstanding contribution to the development of our understanding of language and linguistics .… …   Wikipedia

  • BLOOMFIELD (L.) — BLOOMFIELD LEONARD (1887 1949) Homme réservé, à la personnalité austère et entière, L. Bloomfield marqua de façon déterminante le développement de la linguistique aux États Unis et dans le monde. Né à Chicago, il étudia la grammaire et la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Léonard — Leonard oder Léonard ist eine Form des Namens Leonhard. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname 1.3 Künstlername // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bloomfield — may refer to:Places; Australia * Bloomfield River, in Queensland;Canada * Bloomfield, Newfoundland and Labrador * Bloomfield, Prince Edward Island ** Bloomfield Provincial Park;Northern Ireland * Bloomfield (Bangor suburb) * Bloomfield, Belfast,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bloomfield — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler (1863–1927), österreichisch amerikanische Pianistin George Bloomfield (1930–2011), kanadischer Regisseur Joseph Bloomfield (1753–1823), US amerikanischer Politiker (New Jersey)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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