- Abel Streight
Abel D. Streight (June 17, 1828 – May 27, 1892) was a lumber merchant, publisher, and a
Union ArmyGeneral in the American Civil War, noted for his daring cavalry raid, Streight's Raid, in 1863. After the war, he served as a State Senatorin Indianafor two terms.
Early life and Civil War
After the start of the Civil War, he was appointed Colonel of the
51st Indiana Infantryregiment on December 12, 1861. This regiment was attached to the Union Army of the Cumberland.
During the first two years of the war, Streight and his regiment saw very limited action, which is said to have disappointed him greatly.
In 1863, he proposed a plan to Brigadier General
James A. Garfield(chief of staff of the Army of the Cumberland) that he be allowed to raise a force to make an incursion into the South on a raiding mission. Streight's intended target was the disruption of the Western & Atlantic Railroadfrom Chattanooga to Atlanta, which was supplying the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Army commander William S. Rosecransgave his permission to do so.
Union forces from Streight's own 51st Indiana, the
73rd Indiana Infantry, the 80th Illinois Infantry, and 3rd Ohio Infantryregiments were placed under Streight's command. This force encompassed approximately 1,700 troops. The original intent was to have this force mounted suitably for fast travel and attacks; however, due largely to wartime shortages, Streight's brigade were equipped with mules. This obvious disadvantage, combined with Streight's own inexperience, was to prove disastrous.
Steight led this force to Nashville, departed
Tuscumbia, Alabama, on April 26, 1863, and then to Eastport, Mississippi. From there, he decided to push to the southeast, initially screened by another Union force commanded by Brig. Gen. Grenville Dodge. On April 30, Streight's brigade arrived at Sand Mountain, where he was intercepted by a Confederate force under Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrestand harassed for several days. Eventually, Streight's force was routed at the Battle of Day's Gapand Streight himself was captured and taken to Libby Prisonas a prisoner of war.
After ten months of incarceration, Streight and 107 other soldiers escaped from prison by tunnelling from their barracks to freedom. Eventually, Streight was able to cross through enemy territory and, on his return, gave a debriefing report to his Union commanders.
Streight resigned his command and left the army in March 1865, having achieved the rank of brevet brigadier general. In 1866, he and his wife built a house on Washington Street in Indianapolis. In 1876, Streight ran successfully for a seat in the Indiana Senate, serving a two year term. In 1880, he ran unsuccessfully as the Republican candidate for governor of Indiana. In 1888, he was once again elected as State Senator. He died in Indianapolis four years later, in 1892. He is buried there in
Crown Hill Cemetery.
Streight was the author of "The Crisis of Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-one in the Government of the United States", published in 1861.
Streight's wife, Lovina ("née" McCarthy), joined her husband on his southern campaign, often ministering help to wounded men during the battle. She was captured three times and exchanged for prisoners. Lovina Streight was known as the "Mother of the 51st", and upon her death in 1910, her funeral was afforded full military honors.
*List of Amerian Civil War generals
*Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., "Civil War High Commands", Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
*Eicher, David J., "The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War", Simon & Schuster, 2001, ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
* [http://members.aol.com/rlwillett/civilwarbooks003.htm Review of book about Streight]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Battle of Day's Gap — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Day s Gap caption=Map of locations involved in Streight s Raid. partof=the American Civil War (Streight s Raid) date=April 30, 1863 place=Cullman County, Alabama result=Union victory in this first… … Wikipedia
Nathan Bedford Forrest — For the World War II General, see Nathan Bedford Forrest III. Nathan Bedford Forrest Born July 13, 1821(1821 07 13) Chapel … Wikipedia
Batalla de Day's Gap — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Day s Gap Parte de Guerra Civil Estadounidense Fecha 30 de abril de 1863 … Wikipedia Español
Cullman, Alabama — City Location in Cullman Count … Wikipedia
Western Theater of the American Civil War — Western Theater Overview (1861–1865) Confederate … Wikipedia
Emma Sansom — (June 2 1847 ndash; August 9 1900) was an Alabama farmgirl noted for her bravery during the American Civil War.Sansom was a native of Social Circle, Georgia, and moved with her family to just outside Gadsden, Alabama, in about 1852.In April 1863 … Wikipedia
Myrtle Hill Cemetery — U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Clarkson-Legg Covered Bridge — Infobox nrhp | name = Clarkson Legg CB nrhp type = caption = The Clarkson Legg Covered Bridge near Cullman, Alabama. nearest city = Bethel, AL lat degrees = 34 | lat minutes = 12 | lat seconds = 27.08 | lat direction = N long degrees = 86 | long… … Wikipedia
Clarkson–Legg Covered Bridge — Clarkson–Legg CB The Clarkson–Legg Covered Bridge near Cullman, Alabama. Carries pedestrian traffic (vehicles until 1962) Crosses Crooked Creek Locale … Wikipedia
Rome, Georgia — The Worst Place in the World City City of Rome … Wikipedia