- Shasta (tribe)
The Shasta (or Chasta) are an indigenous people of
Northern Californiaand Southern Oregonin the United States. They spoke one of the Shastan languages.
The Shasta were originally located in the greater
Shasta Valley area of Siskiyou Countynear such modern communities as Yreka, California.
Generally included with the Shasta tribe proper, are a number of adjacent smaller tribes who spoke a related Shastan language. These related tribes include the
Konomihu, New River Shastaand the Okwanuchutribes.
The Shasta tribe is not a federally recognized tribe, though the Chasta of Oregon are part of the
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon. Many former members of the Shasta tribe have since been inducted into the Karukand Alturastribes. Current members are petitioning the government to again recognize their tribal status.
Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. "(See
Population of Native California.)" Alfred L. Kroeber(1925:883) put the 1770 population of the Shasta proper as 2,000 and the New River, Konomihu, and Okwanuchu groups, along with the Chimariko, as 1,000. In the 1940s, Sherburne F. Cookarrived at a similar estimate of about 3,300, but he subsequently raised the figure to 5,900 (Cook 1976a:177, 1976b:6).
Kroeber estimated the population of the Shasta proper in 1910 as 100.
Shasta traditional narratives
State of Jefferson, an historical region with significant overlap with the lands of the Shasta.
* Cook, Sherburne F. 1976a. "The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization". University of California Press, Berkeley.
* Cook, Sherburne F. 1976b. "The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970". University of California Press, Berkeley.
* Kroeber, A. L. 1925. "Handbook of the Indians of California". Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
* [http://www.californiaprehistory.com/tribmap.html Native Tribes, Groups, Language Families and Dialects of California in 1770] (after Kroeber)
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