Free file format


Free file format

A free file format is a file format whose full specification is freely available and for which there are no restrictions (e.g. legal or technical) on its use. [cite web
url=http://www.linfo.org/free_file_format.html
title=Free File Format Definition
publisher=LINFO.org
accessdate=February 11, 2007
] Users may design and use variations that suit their needs, and contribute enhancements for potential incorporation into the next official version of the format.Fact|date=July 2008

Free file formats are good for interoperability and to prevent vendor lock-in.Fact|date=July 2008 It is a cornerstone in open systems.Fact|date=July 2008

Archiving and compression

*7z — for both archiving and compression.
*SQX — for both archiving and compression.
*PAQ — for compression.
*bzip2 — for compression.
*gzip — for compression.
*tar — for archiving.
*ZIP — for both archiving and compression.

Multimedia

*PNGlossless compressed format. [ [http://www.w3.org/TR/2003/REC-PNG-20031110/ PNG Specification (Second Edition)] ]
*MNG — moving pictures, based on PNG.
*SVGvector graphics. [ [http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/ W3C SVG] ]
*Ogg (A container format).
**Vorbis — An audio codec.
***The Vorbis format was developed specifically to compete with the widely used, but patented MP3 audio compression format.
**Theora — A video codec.
**FLAC — Lossless audio codec.
**Speex — Speech codec.
**CMML — Timed metadata and subtitles.
*Matroska — (A container format).
*Musepack — An audio codec.
*WavPack — An audio codec.
*SMIL — A media playlisting format and multimedia integration language. [ [http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo W3C SMIL] ] [ [http://www.w3.org/TR/2005/PR-SMIL2-20050927/ SMIL 2.1 (W3C Recommendation)] ]
*XSPF — A playlist format for multimedia.

Text

*DVI — device independent (TeX).
*HTML/XHTMLmarkup language for web pages.
*LaTeX — document markup language.
*Office Open XML — a formatted text format (Ecma-376). [ [http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-376.htm Ecma 376] ]
*OpenDocument v1.0 — a formatted text format (ISO/IEC 26300:2006). [cite web
url=http://www.iso.org/iso/en/CatalogueDetailPage.CatalogueDetail?CSNUMBER=43485
title =ISO/IEC 26300:2006 Information technology -- Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0
publisher=ISO
]
*PostScript — a page description language and programming language.
*RTF — a formatted text format.
*TXT — a plain text file.

Other

*CSV — spreadsheet file formats.
*CSS — style sheet format.
*DjVu — for scanned images.
*EAS3 — binary file format for floating point data
*ELF — Executable and Linkable Format.
*Hierarchical Data Format — Multi-platform data format for storing multidimensional arrays, among other data structures.
*NZB — for multipart binary files on Usenet.
*NetCDF — for scientific data.
*SDXF — the Structured Data eXchange Format.
*SFV — checksum.
*XML — a general-purpose markup language. [ [http://www.w3.org/XML/ W3C XML] ]
**RSS — syndication.
*YAML — human readable data serialization format.

ee also

* Open format
* Open standard
* Free software
* Open source
* Open source codecs and containers
* Free protocol

References

External links

* [http://www.linfo.org/free_file_format.html Free File Format Definition]
* [http://freedomdefined.org/Definition Definition of Free Cultural Works]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • File format — A file format is a particular way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file. Since a disk drive, or indeed any computer storage, can store only bits, the computer must have some way of converting information to 0s and 1s and vice …   Wikipedia

  • ZIP (file format) — unzip redirects here. For the program, see Info ZIP. ZIP Filename extension .zip .zipx (newer compression algorithms) Internet media type application/zip Uniform Type Identifier com.pkware.zip archive Magic …   Wikipedia

  • tar (file format) — tar GNU tar 1.23 showing three common types of Tarballs (shown in red). Filename extension .tar Internet media type application/x tar …   Wikipedia

  • Audio file format — An audio file format is a file format for storing digital audio data on a computer system. This data can be stored uncompressed, or compressed to reduce the file size. It can be a raw bitstream, but it is usually a container format or an audio… …   Wikipedia

  • BMP file format — Windows Bitmap Filename extension .bmp or .dib Internet media type image/x ms bmp (unofficial) or image/x bmp (unofficial) Type code BMP BMPf BMPp Uniform Type Identifier com.microsoft.bmp …   Wikipedia

  • NRG (file format) — For other uses, see NRG. A .nrg file is a proprietary CD image file format used by Nero Burning ROM, a utility suite made by Nero AG, to create and burn ISO 9660 CD images. Other than Nero Burning ROM, a variety of software titles can use these… …   Wikipedia

  • Document file format — A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exist a multitude of incompatible document file formats. A rough consensus has been established that …   Wikipedia

  • ARC (file format) — Infobox file format name = ARC icon = caption = extension = .arc .ark .sue mime = application/octet stream type code = uniform type = magic = owner = System Enhancement Associates genre = Data compression container for = contained by = extended… …   Wikipedia

  • SNP File Format — Infobox file format name = Snapshot File icon = extension = .snp mime = owner = Microsoft type code = genre = Access report output, multi page, precise containerfor = EMF (contained pages) containedby = CAB (compression wrapper) extended from =… …   Wikipedia

  • Interchange File Format — (IFF), is a generic file format originally introduced by the Electronic Arts company in 1985 (in cooperation with Commodore Amiga) in order to ease transfer of data between software produced by different companies. IFF files do not have any… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.