House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Coat of Arms Kingdom of Portugal (1830).svg
Country Portugal
Ancestral house House of Braganza
Titles King of Portugal
Founder Ferdinand II and Maria II
Final sovereign Manuel II
Current head Extinct
Founding 9 April 1836
Deposition 5 October 1910

The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1] (also known as the House of Braganza-Coburg)[2] was a branch of the House of Braganza that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910.

The use of the designation Braganza-Coburg, however, is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, or in writings that are not contemporary to the rule of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha monarchs in Portugal. The reason for this is: the last four Kings of Portugal were descendants of Queen Maria II of Portugal, from the House of Braganza, and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and, technically, members of a cadet branch of the House of Wettin, by patrilineal descent. Nonetheless, they still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Contents

History

The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony.[3] On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established. Manuel II went into exile, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.[1]

Before his death, Manuel II was reconciled with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. So, with his death, the claim to the throne of Portugal passed to the pretender, Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.[4][5]

Today, the descendants of Princess Theresa Christine of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1902–1990), who was a granddaughter of Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, carry the surname Tasso of Saxe-Coburg and Braganza (Portuguese: Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança).[6] The Saxe-Coburg and Braganza surname was also used by Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, a woman who claimed to be a bastard daughter of King Carlos I.

Rulers

Family tree

 
 
 
 
 
Ferdinand II
 
Maria II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
 
Pedro V
 
Luís I
 
Maria Pia of Savoy
 
João
 
Maria Anna
 
Antónia
 
Augusto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amélie of Orléans
 
Carlos I
 
 
Afonso
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Luís Filipe
 
 
Manuel II
 
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
 
 
 
 
 

Patrilineal descent

Descent before Conrad the Great is taken from fabpedigree.com and may be inaccurate.

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

  1. Burkhard I, Duke of Thuringia, d. 870
  2. Burchard, Duke of Thuringia, 836 - 908
  3. (possibly) Burkhard III of Grabfeldgau, 866 - 913
  4. Dedi I, Count in the Hessegau, 896 - 957
  5. (probably) Dietrich I, Count of Wettin, d. 976
  6. (possibly) Dedi II, Count in the Hessegau, 946 - 1009
  7. Dietrich II, Margrave of Lower Lusatia, 991 - 1034
  8. Thimo I, Count of Wettin, d. 1099
  9. (possibly) Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
  10. Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098–1157
  11. Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125–1190
  12. Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162–1221
  13. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215 - 1288
  14. Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240–1314
  15. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257–1323
  16. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310–1349
  17. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332–1381
  18. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370–1428
  19. Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412–1464
  20. Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441–1486
  21. John, Elector of Saxony, 1468–1532
  22. John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503–1554
  23. Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530–1573
  24. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570–1605
  25. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601–1675
  26. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658–1729
  27. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697–1764
  28. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724–1800
  29. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750–1806
  30. Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1785–1851
  31. Ferdinand II of Portugal, 1815–1885
  32. Luís I of Portugal, 1838–1889
  33. Carlos I of Portugal, 1863–1908
  34. Manuel II of Portugal, 1889–1932

References

  1. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha (175th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1938. p. 112. 
  2. ^ Maclagan, Michael (2002). Lines of Succession. Tables by Jiri Louda. Time Warner Books. p. 187. ISBN 0316724289. 
  3. ^ Almanach de Gotha (146th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1909. p. 66. 
  4. ^ "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal". The New York Times: p. N1. 1930-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Successor Expects Throne". The New York Times: p. 19. 1932-07-06. 
  6. ^ McNaughton, Arnold (1973). The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy. Garnstone Press. p. 368. 

External links


House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza
Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarve.gif
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

1853–1910
Republic Established by Military Coup

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