Libro d'Oro


Libro d'Oro

The Libro d'Oro ( _it. Golden Book), once the formal directory of nobles in the Republic of Venice, is now a privately published catalogue of members of Italian nobility.

Following World War II and the fall of Fascism, democratic Italy officially abolished titles and hereditary honours in its republican Constitution. Titles bestowed after 28 October 1922 (i.e. after the rise to power of Fascism) were declared never to have existed. Those families bearing older titles were permitted to use them but as part of their surname. These laws did not apply to the nobility of Rome, insofar as they had been created by the Pope, when he was a sovereign head of state (i.e. until 20 September 1870). In reality, after a period of uncertainty the Italian aristocracy continued to use their titles in the same way as they had in previous centuries. [Heraldry in Italy] This behaviour was cemented by the continued publication of "Il Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Italiana", published as much to prevent self-styled aristocrats social climbing as to list the established nobility. It is not an official publication of the Italian state, which does not recognise titles of nobility or personal coats of arms.

The "Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Italiana" (Golden Book of the Italian Nobility) is regularly published by the Collegio Araldico of Rome. It lists most, but not all, of Italy's noble families and their cadet branches. First published in 1910, it includes some 2,500 families. Included are those listed in the earlier books the "Libro d’Oro della Consulta Araldica del Regno d’Italia" and the later "Elenchi Ufficiali Nobiliari" of 1921 and of 1933 which contained the most recently enobled families.

The book is a very comprehensive listing all members of a family who may be considered noble. The most recent and 22nd edition of "Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Italiana" was published in September 2000. [Collegio Araldico]

The Libro d'Oro should not be confused with a social register - wealth, status and social contacts are of no consideration on the decision as to whether a person may be included in the book, the only consideration is the blood or marital relationship to the head of a noble family. Nor is it a peerage reference such as those published in Great Britain.

In addition to the most famous "Libro d'oro" of Venice, such books had existed in many of the Italian states and cities before the unification of Italy. For example, the Venetian authorities compiled Golden Books on the Ionian Islands, possibly to assist in the collection of taxes rather than as a nobiliary. Another early example is the "Libro d'Oro" of Corfu which was first published in 1572. [ [http://users.otenet.gr/~psailasn/index6.htm The Voice of Corfu] retrieved 11 may 2008]

ee also

* Consulta araldica
* Nobility of Italy

Notes

References

* [http://www.collegio-araldico.it/italiano/librodoro.htm Collegio Araldico] retrieved 11 may 2007
* [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/national/italy.htm Heraldry in Italy] retrieved 11 may 2007
* [http://www.regalis.com/reg/titles.htm Explanation of Italian noble rank] retrieved 08 July 2007


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  • libro — sustantivo masculino 1. Uso/registro: literario. Conjunto de hojas impresas que forman un volumen adecuado para la lectura: Tienen muchos libros en su casa. libro de bolsillo. libro de caballerías Libro que narra aventuras de caballeros andantes …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • libro — (Del lat. liber, libri). 1. m. Conjunto de muchas hojas de papel u otro material semejante que, encuadernadas, forman un volumen. 2. Obra científica, literaria o de cualquier otra índole con extensión suficiente para formar volumen, que puede… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • oro — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Au. Elemento químico metálico, amarillo brillante, muy dúctil, maleable y resistente a la oxidación, que se usa en joyería: pendientes de oro, pepitas de oro, lingote de oro, reloj de oro, oro de ley, chapado …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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  • Libro — (Del lat. liber, bri.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 ARTES GRÁFICAS Conjunto de hojas escritas unidas o cosidas por uno de sus lados y cubiertas por tapas de cartón u otro material. SINÓNIMO volumen 2 Obra científica o literaria impresa, de bastante… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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