- Feuillant (political group)
The Feuillants were a political grouping that emerged during the
French Revolution. It came into existence from a split within the Jacobins from those opposing the overthrow of the king and proposing a constitutional monarchy. The deputies publicly split with the Jacobins when they published a pamphlet on July 16, 1791. Initially the group had 264 ex-Jacobin deputies as members.
The group held meetings in a former monastery of the Feuillants on the Rue Saint-Honoré and came to be popularly called the "Club des Feuillants". They called themselves the "Amis de la Constitution". The group was led by Antoine Barnave. In March 1792 in retaliation for their opposition to war with Austria the Feuillant ministers were forced out by the
Girondins. Labelled by their opponents as royalists they were targeted after the fall of the monarchy. In August 1792 a list of 841 members was published and they were arrested and tried for treason. Barnave was guillotined on November 29, 1793.
The name survived for a few months as an insulting label for moderates, royalists and aristocrats.
Liberalism and radicalism in France
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