Voivodeship


Voivodeship

:"This article concerns both historical and contemporary voivodeships in various countries. For more on the divisions of modern and historical Poland, see Voivodeships of Poland."

A voivodeship, also spelled voivodship, voivodina or vojvodina (Polish: "województwo", Romanian: "voievodat", Serbian: "vojvodina" (војводина), "vojvodstvo" (војводство) or "vojvodovina" (војводовина), Hungarian: "vajdaság", Lithuanian: "vaivadija", Latin "Palatinatus" in Poland), is a type of administrative division dating to medieval Poland, Romania, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a voivode ("wojewoda", "voivod"). The voivode (literal meaning: "the one who leads the warriors", equivalent to Dux Exercituum or Herzog) was originally the military commander next to the ruler.

Contemporarily, the term (or its variant spelling "voivodship") is used for the "województwa" (provinces) of Poland, of which there are currently 16. There is also an autonomous province of Vojvodina in Serbia. The word "voivodeship" appears in some of the larger English dictionaries, such as the OED and Webster's Third New International Dictionary, although it is not in common usage. Depending on the context, historical voivodeships may also be referred to as duchies, provinces, palatinates, or administrative districts. The voivodeships of modern Poland are sometimes called provinces or regions.

List of Voivodeships

Modern

* Serbia:
** Vojvodina
* Poland:
** Greater Poland Voivodeship ("województwo wielkopolskie")
** Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship ("województwo kujawsko-pomorskie")
** Lesser Poland Voivodeship ("województwo małopolskie")
** Łódź Voivodeship ("województwo łódzkie")
** Lower Silesian Voivodeship ("województwo dolnośląskie")
** Lublin Voivodeship ("województwo lubelskie")
** Lubusz Voivodeship ("województwo lubuskie")
** Masovian Voivodeship ("województwo mazowieckie")
** Opole Voivodeship ("województwo opolskie")
** Podlaskie Voivodeship ("województwo podlaskie")
** Pomeranian Voivodeship ("województwo pomorskie")
** Silesian Voivodeship ("województwo śląskie")
** Subcarpathian Voivodeship ("województwo podkarpackie")
** Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship ("województwo świętokrzyskie")
** Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship ("województwo warmińsko-mazurskie")
** West Pomeranian Voivodeship ("województwo zachodniopomorskie")

Historical

* Historical voivodeships in the territory of modern Romania and Moldova:
** Wallachia
** Moldavia
* Historical voivodeships in the territory of modern Serbia:
** Voivodeship of Salan (9th-10th century)
** Voivodeship of Sermon (11th century)
** Voivodeship of Syrmia of Radoslav Čelnik (1527-1530)
** Serbian Voivodina (1848-1849)
** Voivodina of Serbia and Tamiš Banat (1849-1860)
* Historical voivodeships in the territory of modern Romania and Serbia:
** Voivodeship of Glad (9th-10th century)
** Voivodeship of Ahtum (11th century)
* Voivodeships in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1795)
**Poznań Voivodeship
**Kalisz Voivodeship
**Gniezno Voivodeship
**Sieradz Voivodeship
**Łęczyca Voivodeship
**Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship
**Inowrocław Voivodeship
**Chełmno Voivodeship
**Malbork Voivodeship
**Pomeranian Voivodeship
**Płock Voivodeship
**Rawa Voivodeship
**Masovian Voivodeship
**Kraków Voivodeship
**Sandomierz Voivodeship
**Lublin Voivodeship
**Podlasie Voivodeship
**Ruthenian Voivodeship
**Bełz Voivodeship
**Wolhynia Voivodeship
**Podole Voivodeship
**Bracław Voivodeship
**Kijów Voivodeship
**Czernihów Voivodeship
* Voivodeships in the historical Grand Duchy of Lithuania:
** Vilnius Voivodeship
** Trakai Voivodeship
** Nowogródek Voivodeship
** Brest-Litovsk Voivodeship
** Minsk Voivodeship
** Mścisław Voivodeship
** Smolensk Voivodeship
** Vitebsk Voivodeship
** Połock Voivodeship
* Voivodeships in the historical Duchy of Livonia:
** Wenden Voivodship (1598-1620)
** Dorpat Voivodship (1598-1620)
** Parnava Voivodship (1598-1620)
** Livonian Voivodship (since 1620s)
* Voivodeships of Poland (1921-1939):
**Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship
**Białystok Voivodeship (1919-1939)
**Kielce Voivodeship
**Kraków Voivodeship
**Łódź Voivodeship
**Lublin Voivodeship
**Lwów Voivodeship
**Nowogródek Voivodeship
**Polesie Voivodeship
**Pomeranian Voivodeship
**Poznań Voivodeship
**Stanisławów Voivodeship
**Tarnopol Voivodeship
**Volhynian Voivodeship
**Warsaw Voivodeship
**Wilno Voivodeship
* Voivodeships of Poland (1945-1975):
**Białystok Voivodeship
**Bydgoszcz Voivodeship
**Gdańsk Voivodeship
**Katowice Voivodeship
**Kielce Voivodeship
**Koszalin Voivodeship
**Kraków Voivodeship
**Łódź Voivodeship
**Lublin Voivodeship
**Olsztyn Voivodeship
**Opole Voivodeship
**Poznań Voivodeship
**Rzeszów Voivodeship
**Szczecin Voivodeship
**Warsaw Voivodeship
**Wrocław Voivodeship
**Zielona Góra Voivodeship
* Voivodeships of Poland (1975-1998):
**Biała Podlaska Voivodeship
**Białystok Voivodeship (1975-1998)
**Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship
**Bydgoszcz Voivodeship
**Chełm Voivodeship
**Ciechanów Voivodeship
**Częstochowa Voivodeship
**Elbląg Voivodeship
**Gdańsk Voivodeship
**Gorzów Voivodeship
**Jelenia Góra Voivodeship
**Kalisz Voivodeship
**Katowice Voivodeship
**Kielce Voivodeship
**Konin Voivodeship
**Koszalin Voivodeship
**Kraków Voivodeship
**Krosno Voivodeship
**Legnica Voivodeship
**Leszno Voivodeship
**Łódź Voivodeship
**Łomża Voivodeship
**Lublin Voivodeship
**Nowy Sacz Voivodeship
**Olsztyn Voivodeship
**Opole Voivodeship
**Ostrołęka Voivodeship
**Piotrków Voivodeship
**Piła Voivodeship
**Poznań Voivodeship
**Przemyśl Voivodeship
**Płock Voivodeship
**Radom Voivodeship
**Rzeszów Voivodeship
**Siedlce Voivodeship
**Sieradz Voivodeship
**Skierniewice Voivodeship
**Suwałki Voivodeship
**Szczecin Voivodeship
**Słupsk Voivodeship
**Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship
**Tarnów Voivodeship
**Toruń Voivodeship
**Warsaw Voivodeship
**Wałbrzych Voivodeship
**Wrocław Voivodeship
**Włocławek Voivodeship
**Zamość Voivodeship
**Zielona Góra Voivodeship

ee also

* Voivode
* Voivodeships of Poland
* Vojvodina


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