Short stature


Short stature

Infobox_Disease
Name = PAGENAME


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 18756
ICD10 = ICD10|E|34|3|e|20
ICD9 = ICD9|783.43
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus = 003271
eMedicineSubj = ped
eMedicineTopic = 2087
MeshID =

Short stature refers to a height of a human being which is below expected. Shortness is a vague term without a precise definition and with significant relativity to context. Because of the lack of preciseness, there is often disagreement about the degree of shortness that should be called "short".

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists defines "short stature" as the shortest 2.3%.cite web |url=http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/answers/2003/ans01242.html |title=FDA Approves Humatrope for Short Stature |format= |work= |accessdate=]

Causes

Shortness in children and young adults nearly always results from below-average growth in childhood, while shortness in older adults usually results from loss of height due to kyphosis of the spine or collapsed vertebrae from osteoporosis.

From a medical perspective, severe shortness can be a variation of normal, resulting from the interplay of multiple familial genes. It can also be due to one or more of many abnormal conditions, such as chronic (prolonged) hormone deficiency, malnutrition, disease of a major organ system, mistreatment, treatment with certain drugs, chromosomal deletions, inherited diseases, birth defect syndromes, bone structures fusing earlier than intended or many other causes.

Increasing final height in children with short stature may be beneficial and could enhance HRQoL outcomes barring troublesome side effects and excessive cost of treatments.cite web |url=http://gghjournal.com/volume24/1/ab09.cfm |title=Height and Health-related Quality of Life |format= |work= |accessdate=]

Cultural issues

From a social perspective shortness can be a problem independently of the cause. In many societies there are advantages associated with taller stature and disadvantages associated with shorter stature, and vice versa. See heightism.

See also

* List of shortest people
* Pygmy
* National Organization of Short Statured Adults
* Idiopathic short stature

References

External links

* [http://www.height-increasing.com/causes-for-short-stature/ Causes for short stature]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • short stature — /ʃɔt ˈstætʃə/ (say shawt stachuh) noun 1. less than average height for a person. 2. severely reduced height for a person, resulting from dwarfism. –short statured, adjective …   Australian English dictionary

  • short stature — in pediatric growth assessment, reduced length or height, defined variously as being below the third or the fifth percentile for age when plotted on a growth chart. Cf. dwarfism …   Medical dictionary

  • Short stature homeobox gene — or SHOX is a gene on the X chromosome and Y chromosome which is associated with short stature in humans if mutated or present in only one copy (haploinsufficiency). PathologyThe gene was first found during a search for the cause of short stature… …   Wikipedia

  • Idiopathic short stature — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Idiopathic short stature ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|783.43 Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to extreme short stature that does not have a diagnostic explanation ( idiopathic designates a condition that is unexplained… …   Wikipedia

  • familial short stature — genetic short stature a syndrome of short stature (q.v.) with normal growth velocity, normal onset and progression of puberty, normal skeletal age, and short stature in close relatives such as parents …   Medical dictionary

  • psychosocial short stature — deprivation dwarfism …   Medical dictionary

  • SHORT — stature, hyperextensibility of joints or hernia or both, ocular depression, Rieger anomaly, teething delayed …   Medical dictionary

  • short-FRAME — short stature facial anomalies Rieger anomaly midline anomalies enamel defects [syndrome] …   Medical dictionary

  • SHORT — • short stature, hyperextensibility of joints or hernia or both, ocular depression, Rieger anomaly, teething delayed …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • short-FRAME — • short stature facial anomalies Rieger anomaly midline anomalies enamel defects [syndrome] …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations


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