- ROF Thorpe Arch
ROF Thorpe Arch was one of sixteen
World War II, UK government-owned Royal Ordnance Factory, which produced munitions. It was a medium-sized filling factory (Filling Factory No. 9).
It was located on the banks of the
River Wharfe, north east of the two villagesof Boston Spaand Thorp Arch; and four miles south east of the townof Wetherby, West Yorkshirein England. It was linked to the London & North Eastern Railwayline, which was used in its construction, for supplying raw materialsand for transporting away filled munitions.
It was constructed for the Ministry of Supply, with the
Ministry of Worksacting as s. Thorpe Arch opened in March 1940and produced munitions for both the Armyand the Royal Air Force. It was divided into a number of different Filling Groups which occupied different areas of the site. It is believed to have had 619 buildings.
In World War II it produced light gun ammunition, medium gun ammunition, heavy ammunition, mines and trench mortar ammunition for the Army; medium and large
bombsfor the RAF; and, 20 mm and other small arms ammunitionfor all three services. Some of these were produced in quantities measured in millionsand hundreds of millions of items.
ROF Thorpe Arch closed twice; once after World War II and then finally after the
Korean War, in April 1958, as a result of the 1957Defence White Paper.
The ROF site has been described in detail in two articles by Mike Christensen, illustrated with
official photographs taken whilst it was still open.
Part of the site is now in use as the
Thorp Arch Trading Estate; other parts are used to house the Northern Reading Room, Northern Listening Service and Document Supply Centre of the British Library; and another part is a prison, originally HMP Thorp Arch, now HMP Wealstun.
List of prisons in the United Kingdom
List of Royal Ordnance Factories
* [http://www.multimap.com/map/photo.cgi?client=public&X=445000.280462507&Y=447000.913073086&scale=25000&width=500&height=300&gride=443687.280462507&gridn=445928.913073086&lang=&db=GB&coordsys=gb Aerial view]
* [http://www.thorparchestate.co.uk/ Thrope Arch Trading Estate]
*Christensen, Mike (1999). "ROF Thorp Arch. Part One - World War Two". In: "Archive", Issue 22, Pages 14 - 30. Lydney: Lightmoor Press. ISSN 1352-7991.
*Christensen, Mike (1999). "ROF Thorp Arch. Part Two - The Korean War, and after". In: "Archive", Issue 23, Pages 14 - 25. Lydney: Lightmoor Press. ISSN 1352-7991.
*Cocroft, Wayne D., (2000). "Dangerous Energy: The archaeology of gunpowder and military explosives manufacture". Swindon:
English Heritage. ISBN 1-85074-718-0.
* Kohan, C.M. (1952). "Works and Buildings. ()". London:
Her Majesty's Stationery Officeand Longmans, Green and Co.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Thorp Arch Trading Estate — occupies major part of a former Royal Ordnance Factory, (ROF) ROF Thorpe Arch, in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England close to Wetherby. The trading estate is now divided into industrial and retail space. There is… … Wikipedia
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