Palisade


Palisade

or wall of variable height, usually used as a defensive structure.

Typical construction

Typical construction consisted of small or mid sized trunks of trees aligned vertically, with no spacing in between. The trunks would be sharpened or pointed at the top end, and be driven into the ground on the other end. They would sometimes be reinforced with additional construction. The height of a palisade can range from a few feet or more to nearly ten feet. As a defensive structure, palisades were often used in conjunction with earthworks.

Palisades were an excellent option for small forts or other hastily constructed fortifications. Since they were wood, they could be quickly and easily built from materials readily available. They proved to be effective protection for short-term conflicts, and were an effective deterrent against small forces. However, due to their wooden construction, they were also very vulnerable to fire and siege weapons.

Often, a palisade would be constructed around a castle as a temporary wall until a permanent stone wall could be erected. They were frequently used in New France.

Precolumbian North America

Many settlements of the Mississippian culture of the Southeastern United States also made use of palisades. The most prominent example is the Cahokia Mounds site in Collinsville, Illinois. A wooden stockade with a series of watchtowers or bastions at regular intervals formed a two-mile long enclosure around Monk's Mound and the Grand Plaza. Archaeologists found evidence of the stockade during excavation of the area and indications that it was rebuilt several times, in slightly different locations. The stockade seems to have separated Cahokia's main ceremonial precinct from other parts of the city, as well as being a defensive structure. [cite web |url = http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/archaeology/sites/northamerica/cahokia.html | title = Archaeological Sites - Cahokia| acces date = 2008-09-16 ]

Other examples include the Angel Mounds Site in Southern Indiana, the Kincaid Site in Illinois, the Parkin Site and the Nodena Sites in Southeastern Arkansas and the Etowah Site in Georgia.

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Palisade — Palisade, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 386 Housing Units (2000): 188 Land area (2000): 0.356859 sq. miles (0.924260 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.356859 sq. miles (0.924260… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palisade — Pal i*sade , n. [F. palissade, cf. Sp. palizada, It. palizzata, palizzo, LL. palissata; all fr. L. palus a stake, pale. See {Pale} a stake.] 1. (Fort.) A strong, long stake, one end of which is set firmly in the ground, and the other is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Palisade, CO — U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 2579 Housing Units (2000): 1117 Land area (2000): 1.074809 sq. miles (2.783743 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.010805 sq. miles (0.027986 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.085614 sq. miles (2.811729 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palisade, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 118 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 0.454019 sq. miles (1.175903 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.454019 sq. miles (1.175903 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palisade, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 386 Housing Units (2000): 188 Land area (2000): 0.356859 sq. miles (0.924260 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.356859 sq. miles (0.924260 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • palisade — [pal΄ə sād′, pal′ə sād΄] n. [Fr palissade < Prov palisada < palisa, a pale < L palus, a stake, PALE2] 1. any one of a row of large pointed stakes set in the ground to form a fence used for fortification or defense 2. a fence of such… …   English World dictionary

  • Palisade — Pal i*sade , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Palisaded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Palisading}.] [Cf. F. palissader.] To surround, inclose, or fortify, with palisades. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Palisade — Palisade,die:Pfahlwerk·Schanzpfahl;auch⇨Sperre(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • palisade — (n.) a fence of stakes, c.1600, from Fr. palissade, from Prov. palissada, from palissa a stake or paling, from Gallo Romance *palicea, from L. palus stake (see PALE (Cf. pale) (n.)). Military sense is attested from 1690s. The Palisades, along the …   Etymology dictionary

  • Palisade — »Schanzpfahl; Pfahlzaun«: Das Fremdwort wurde Ende des 16. Jh.s aus gleichbed. frz. palissade entlehnt. Dies ist – wie entsprechend span. palizada und it. palizzata – eine zu lat. palus »Pfahl« (vgl. das Lehnwort ↑ Pfahl) gehörende… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • palisade — ► NOUN 1) a fence of stakes or iron railings forming an enclosure or defence. 2) (palisades) US a line of high cliffs. ORIGIN French palissade, from Latin palus stake …   English terms dictionary


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