Billboard (magazine)


Billboard (magazine)

:"See Billboard (Turkish magazine)""Billboard" is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. It maintains several internationally recognized music charts that track the most popular songs and albums in various categories on a weekly basis. Among the two most important charts, the "Billboard" Hot 100, ranks the top 100 songs regardless of genre and is frequently used as the standard measure for ranking songs in the United States, while the "Billboard" 200 survey is the corresponding chart for album sales.

History

When founded in Cincinnati in 1894, "Billboard Advertising" magazine was a trade paper for the bill posting industry, hence the magazine's name. Within a few years of its founding, it began to carry news of outdoor amusements, a major consumer of billboard space. Eventually Billboard became the paper of record for circuses, carnivals, amusement parks, fairs, vaudeville, minstrels, whale shows and other live entertainment. The magazine began coverage of motion pictures in 1909 and of radio in the 1920s.

It was the development of the juke box industry during the 1930s which led "Billboard" to begin publishing the music charts for which it ultimately became famous. This also began the process which would lead the magazine to gradually cede coverage of other parts of the entertainment industry to such publications as "Variety" and "The Hollywood Reporter". It continued to carry news of fairs, carnivals, theme parks and other outdoor entertainments until 1961 when these departments were transferred to a new weekly magazine called "Amusement Business".

From 1961 until 2005, "Billboard" was devoted entirely to the music industry. In 2005, the magazine and its web sites were repositioned to provide coverage of all forms of digital and mobile entertainment. "Amusement Business" prospered for a few decades, but was struggling by the beginning of the new century. Shortly after that its frequency of publication was reduced to monthly, and it finally ceased publication altogether following its May, 2006 issue.

Billboard charts

On January 4, 1936 "Billboard" magazine published its first music hit parade and on July 20, 1940 the first "Music Popularity Chart" was calculated. Since 1958 the Hot 100 has been published, combining single sales and radio airplay.

"Billboard" currently puts out over 100 charts each week, the most popular ones being Hot 100, Billboard 200, and Hot 100 Airplay.

Radio countdown programs

For many years, the weekly syndicated radio program "American Top 40", hosted by Casey Kasem (July 4, 1970 to August 6, 1988), and Shadoe Stevens (August 13, 1988 to January 28, 1995), played the top 40 songs on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in reverse order; in late November 1991, it switched to using the top 40 portion of the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Later, in early 1993, it began using the Top 40 Mainstream chart until it temporarily went off the air in 1995. When the show returned in 1998, it no longer used "Billboard" charts as its source.

A country music version of "American Top 40", called "American Country Countdown", has been on the air since October 1973. The show is hosted each week by Kix Brooks of the country duo Brooks & Dunn, who replaced radio legend Bob Kingsley in January 2006. "American Country Countdown" uses the top 40 songs of the Hot Country Songs chart.

"Billboard" today

"Billboard" magazine covers every aspect of the music business, from radio and television to CD, DVD and video cassette sales and internet music downloads. It features news stories and opinion articles. For the most part, "Billboard" is intended for music professionals, such as record label executives and DJs. It is generally not intended for the general public, although it can occasionally be found at bookstores. However, despite their extensive coverage of the entertainment business, they remain best known for their charts. The editorial coverage and broader strategy is guided by its editorial director, Scott A. McKenzie

Online videoBillboard.com carries a 60-second news video about the world of music hosted by Danielle Flora called "Billboard In Sixty". [ [http://billboard.com/sixty http://billboard.com/sixty] "Billboard.com" Retrieved on 05-03-07 ] Another program is "Billboard Underground" [ [http://billboard.com/underground http://billboard.com/underground] "Billboard.com" Retrieved on 05-03-07 ] which is artist interviews, performances and out-takes. Artists have included Ace Young, Wes Hutchinson, and Ryan Starr.

Corporate ownership

As of 2007, "Billboard" is owned by the Dutch conglomerate The Nielsen Company.

References

Further reading

*Durkee, Rob. "American Top 40: The Countdown of the Century". Schriner Books, New York City, 1999.
*Battistini, Pete, "American Top 40 with Casey Kasem The 1970s". Authorhouse.com, January 31, 2005. ISBN 1-4184-1070-5.

ee also

*American Top 40

External links

* [http://www.billboard.com Official "Billboard" website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Billboard (magazine) — Billboard magazine Cet article a pour sujet le magazine américain Billboard. Pour une définition du mot « billboard », voir l’article billboard du Wiktionnaire. Billboard magazine est un magazine hebdomadaire améric …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billboard Magazine — Cet article a pour sujet le magazine américain Billboard. Pour une définition du mot « billboard », voir l’article billboard du Wiktionnaire. Billboard magazine est un magazine hebdomadaire améric …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billboard magazine — Cet article a pour sujet le magazine américain Billboard. Pour une définition du mot « billboard », voir l’article billboard du Wiktionnaire. Billboard magazine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billboard Magazine — Das Billboard Magazine ist das bedeutendste Fach und Branchenblatt für Musik und Entertainment in den USA. Es wurde bereits 1894 gegründet. Der Hauptsitz befindet sich in New York. Weitere Büros werden in Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., London und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Billboard Magazine — …   Википедия

  • Billboard — magazine Cet article a pour sujet le magazine américain Billboard. Pour une définition du mot « billboard », voir l’article billboard du Wiktionnaire. Billboard magazine est un magazine hebdomadaire améric …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Billboard Radio Monitor — is a now merged weekly music trade publication that followed the radio industry and tracked the monitoring of current songs by format, station and audience cumes. The magazine was a spinoff of Billboard magazine and was mostly available through… …   Wikipedia

  • Billboard Comprehensive Albums — is a weekly albums chart produced by Billboard magazine that ranks the biggest selling albums in the United States regardless of the product s age or method of sales.Billboard Comprehensive Albums includes any album, old or new, sold anywhere,… …   Wikipedia

  • Billboard (disambiguation) — Billboard can refer to:*Billboard, a large outdoor sign usually used for advertising * Billboard (magazine), devoted to the music industry **Billboard charts, inspired by the magazine **Billboard Music Award, sponsored by the magazine *Billboard… …   Wikipedia

  • Billboard Year-End — charts are a cumulative measure of a single or album s performance in the United States, based upon the Billboard magazine charts during any given chart year. Billboard s chart year runs from the first week of December to the final week in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.