- Katholische Academische Verbindung Lovania Leuven
Katholische Academische Verbindung (K.A.V.) Lovania Leuven is a Catholic academic fraternity, founded in 1896 at the
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. It is a German Studentenverbindungand is an affiliated member of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. Her mottois "Semper Excelsius!" and "Der Geist lebt in uns allen!". Its official coulours ( Couleur) are green, white and red.
The Catholic university of Louvain, founded in 1425, was closed down during the occupation of the
Low Countriesin 1797 after the French revolutionaries occupied the country. After the defeat of the revolutionaries the university was refounded in 1834 and was able to attract quite a number of Catholic students from Germany, Austriaand Switzerlandwho were fleeing the Kulturkampf.
At first a Swiss Catholic student fraternity was founded, Helvetia Lovaniensis. It existed from 1872 to 1875. It was succeeded by an all German Catholic student fraternity, Tungria Lovaniensis, that existed from 1877 until 1879. In 1888 a regional student fraternity was founded by students from Luxemburg. Only the last fraternity survived. Out of the ashes of the demise of the Swiss and German fraternities, a new fraternity was founded.
This event was triggered by a public allocution of Prof. Dr. Dr. Dr.
Armand Thiéry, a professor in thomistic philosophy at the university, on student life at Germanic universities on January 21 1896. During his student years in Bonn, Thiery had become a member of the prestigious student fraternity K.D.St. V. Bavaria Bonn, the oldest Catholic student fraternity in the world. This speech motivated a number of Germanic students to such an extent that they decided to establish a fraternity that same evening. It was called Lovania, which is Latin for Leuven (Louvain). The fraternity quickly expanded and Prof. Thiéry became honorary president. Lovania continued to blossom until the outbreak of the First World War. In 1914 the fraternity was suspended due to the commencement of fighting. At that moment the fraternity already had more than 160 active and inactive members. Numerous members died on both sides of the war.
In post war Belgium it was impossible to re-establish a German student fraternity in 1918. Promising efforts were made during 1927 and 1928 but failed after a short period of time. The Second World War made a quick re-establishment even more impossible. It took until 1996 until the political situation was stable enough to reconstitute the fraternity. At that moment many students who belonged to fraternities were members of the Cartellverband and studied in Louvain. The idea then arose to re-establish the fraternity. The last surviving member gave his blessing to this undertaking and on
April 19, 1996the reactivation became a reality. In 1999 the friendly affiliation to the Cartellverband was formally re-established. Today the fraternity flourishes and has 97 members to date, originating from Flanders, The Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Poland, United Kingdom, Irelandand the United States.
Lovania is founded upon three guiding principles:
*religio: the fraternity and all its members publicly adhere to the Roman Catholic faith
*scientia: the pursuit of an academic education of all of its members
*amicitia: a lifelong friendship between all the members of the fraternity as long as they live whilst demonstrating a strong
esprit de corps
The members of Lovania do not practice
academic fencing(Mensur) because it is forbidden by the Roman Catholic Church. Academic fencing is common with the more liberal student fraternities that already existed in Germanic countries. Due to this restriction, Catholic students had to organize themselves in separate fraternities. Lovania only accepts men into the organization.
The fraternity has a
legislative(the power to make laws), executive (the power to implement laws) and judiciary(the power to judge and apply punishment when laws are broken) body. All full members make up the legislative body, which elects the executive body. The legislative body also functions as a judiciary body. In this case it assumes the function of an honorary senate.
The official dress symbols, that are worn by each member, consist of a vertical green-white-red triband bordered with a golden thread and a green
kepi, the historical military cap as worn during the American Civil War.
During official ceremonies and special occasions, the
praesidiumwears a dress uniform, a traditional Polish military uniform called a Vollwichswhich consists mainly of a bekiesza.
Famous members (selection)
* Prof. Dr. Dr. John Dudley, former professor at the priestly seminary at
Wigratzbad(Bavaria, Germany) en 's-Hertogenbosch( North-Brabant, the Netherlands) and currently visiting professor at Divine Word Collegein Iowa
Stephen Klimczukformer director and board member of the World Economic Forum Geneva, Switzerland
* Prof. Dr. Mr.
Matthias Storme(6. juni 1959), professor at the Catholic University of Leuven and the Universiteit Antwerpen, member of the Bar of Brussels
* Prof. Dr. Prosper Vicount Poullet (
December 9 1871- December 23 1935) former prime minister of Belgium and Minister of State
Pierre Prüm( July 9 1886– February 1 1950) former prime minister of Luxemburg
* Alexander Count von Kolowrat (
January 29 1886– December 4 1927) founder of the Austrian movie industry
Mon De Goeyse( October 1 1907- December 21 1998), Flemish student leader, author of the clubcodex
* Prof. Dr.
Albert Carnoy( November 7 1878- January 12 1961), Belgian minister of internal affairs and health
Charles Cartuyvels( February 27 1835), vice-rector of the Catholic University of Louvain
* Mr. Georges Baron Holvoet (
August 16 1874- April 23 1964), governor of the (Belgian) province of Antwerpen and chef de cabinet of the Prince-regent Charles of Belgium
Paul Lebeau( June 29 1908- October 18 1982) Flemish author
* Prof. Dr. Albert Michotte (1881 - 1965), experimental psychologist
* Etienne Baron Orban de Xivry (
February 18 1885- July 23 1953), Belgische senator
Jef van den Eynde( December 21 1879- April 12 1929), Flemish student leader
* Prof. Dr.
Adam van Kan( July 18 1877- June 6 1944), Dutch scientist
* Prof. Dr. Dr. Dr. Ir Can.
Armand Thiery(6. augustus 1868 - 12. januari 1955), priest and founder of the fraternity
* Mr. Charles Baron Woeste (
February 26 1837- April 5 1922), Belgian Minister of State
* Wehr, Florian, Geschichte des CV, 2. Auflage, Berlin, 1900
* Thiery Armand, Chansonnier des étudiants Belges publié par la Studentenverbindung Lovania, Breitkopf et Härtel, Brüssel, 1901
* Lovania - 10 Jahre deutschsprechenden Studententums in Löwen 1895-1905, Leuven, 1906
* 15. Vereinsjahr - Academische Studenten Verbindung Lovania 1895-1910, Leuven, 1910
* Wils J., Les étudiants des régions comprises dans la Nation germanique de l'Université de Louvain, 2, Leuven, 1910
* Katholische Academische Studentenverbindung Lovania - Jahresbericht 1910-1912, Druck. F. Giele, Leuven, 1912
* Wolf Otto, Geschichte der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindung Bavaria 1844-1914, Bonn, 1914
* Contzen Hans, Lovania - Zwanzig Jahre deutschsprechenden Studententums in Belgien, Studentenbibliothek 24), Mönchengladbach, 1916
* Schulze, Friedrich, Ssymank, Paul, Das deutsche Studententum von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart, 1932, Verlag für Hochschulkunde, München (Nachdruck), ISBN 3923621906
* Doergé Robert., 75 Jahre katholische deutsche Studentenverbindung Franconia an der Rheinisch-Westfälischen technischen Hochschule Aachen 1898-1973, Aachen, 1974
* de Bruyne, Arthur (Ed.), Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van een generatie - Een liber amicorum voor mr. Willem Melis, Rinda, 1977, Kemzeke
* de Goeyse Mon., O Vrij-Studentenheerlijkheid, Leuvense Universitaire Pers, Leuven, 1987, ISBN 90-6186-251-5
* Schieweck-Mauk S., Lexikon der CV- und ÖCV-Verbindungen, Gemeinschaft für deutsche Studentengeschichte, Würzburg, 1997, ISBN 3894980400
* Bodman, Ernst-Michael, 100 Jahre K.D.St.-V. Franconia Aachen, Aachen, 1999
* Uytterhoeven R., Nostalgia Lovaniensis, Universitaire Pers Leuven, Leuven, 2000, ISBN 9058670651
* Vos Louis, Weets Wilfried, (Ed.), Vlaamse vaandels, rode petten, Uitgeverij Pelckmans, Kapellen, 2002, ISBN 9028932046
* Hartmann, Gerhard, Für Gott und Vaterland - Geschichte und Wirken des CV in Österreich, Lahn-Verlag, Wien, 2006, ISBN 3784033628
* Huys, Jan, Van de Weyer Stefan, De studentikoze erfenis van Rodenbach, Acco Drukkerij, Leuven, 2006
* [http://www.lovania.org/ Website of K.A.V. Lovania Leuven]
* [http://couleurkarten.ooecv.at/Ausland/Lovania-Loewen.htm Historical postcards of K.A.V. Lovania zu Löwen]
* [http://www.cartellverband.de Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen]
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