Aḥmad al-Musta‘lī ( _ar. احمد المستعلى d. 1101) was the ninth
Al-Musta‘lī was made caliph by Regent
al-Afdal Shahanshah(1094-1121) as the successor to al-Mustansir. By and large, al-Musta‘lī was subordinate to Malik al-Afdal.
One complication of the selection of al-Musta‘lī was that his brother an-Nizār was considered the rightful heir to the throne. This led to a power struggle within the Fatimids, and although an-Nizār's revolt was unsuccessful (ending with his death in prison), the break from the rules of succession caused a schism amongst the Ismā‘ilī Shī‘a. In Saljūq
Syriaand Persia, the Nizārī sect developed, one branch of which is known to history as the Assassins.
During al-Musta‘lī's reign, the
First Crusade(1099) established the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the County of Tripoliand the Principality of Antioch, which further reduced Fatimid power in Syria and Palestine.
Al-Musta‘lī was succeeded by his son al-Amīr (1101-1130).
* The Musta‘liyyah
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