- 123rd Outram's Rifles
The 123rd Outram's Rifles was an
infantry regimentof the British Indian Army.
It traced its origins to the
12th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry, part of the British East India Company's Bombay Army. It fought in the Battle of Khadkion 5 November 1817in the Third Anglo-Maratha Warand became the regiment's 1st Battalion in 1820. It was made a separate regiment in 1824, titled the 23rd Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry.
The regiment took part in the
First Anglo-Afghan Warin 1839 and was renamed as the 23rd Regiment of Bombay Native Light Infantry in 1841 . Just before the Indian Mutinybegan in 1857, the 23rd took part in the Anglo-Persian Warbetween 1856-1857. During the Indian Mutiny, the regiment remained loyal, like nearly all of the Bombay Army.
The regiment took part in the
Second Anglo-Afghan Warfrom 1879 and the Third Anglo-Burmese Warfrom 1885 to the end of the war in 1887. It dropped "native" from its title in 1885 and was designated a rifle regimentin 1889, to become the 23rd Regiment (2nd Rifle Regiment) of Bombay Infantry.
In the early 1900s the regiment saw service against Mohammed bin Abdullah (known as the "Mad Mullah" to the British) and his followers in
British Somaliland, while a company was sent to Adenin 1903. The 1900s also brought change to its title. It became the 23rd Bombay Rifles in 1901 and after the Kitchener reformsof the Indian force, it became the 123rd Outram's Rifles in 1903. The renaming was in honour of Lieutenant-General Sir James Outram who had served with the regiment as its first adjutant.
First World War
The regiment raised further battalions during the course of
World War I, seeing extensive service in the Middle East, with some soldiers attached to other units. Many of the regiment's soldiers also saw service on the Western Front while attached to other units.
After the Palestine campaign began in 1917, the regiment joined the 234th Brigade, 75th Division. Outram's Rifles were involved in, among others, the
Third Battle of Gaza, begun on 31 October 1917, and the Megiddo Offensive in September 1918. War came to an end in the Middle East with the signing of an Armisticewith the Ottomans on 30 October 1918.
After the war ended, the regiment was involved in efforts to quell an
Arabrebellion that broke out in 1920 in the British Mandate of Iraqagainst the British administration.
As part of the reforms of the Indian forces, Outram's Rifles were amalgamated in 1922 with five other regiments, including the
125th Napier's Rifles, to form the 6th Rajputana Rifles. The 123rd became the 4th Battalion (Outram's).
Famous Soldiers of the battalion
*Lieutenant Ved Prakash
* [http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/indianinfantry/123rdoutram.htm Britishempire.co.uk - 123rd Outram's Rifles]
* [http://www.regiments.org/regiments/southasia/inf/1903-123.htm Regiments.org - 123rd Outram's Rifles]
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