- Gabino Ezeiza
Infobox Musical artist
Name = Gabino Ezeiza
Birth_name = Gabino Ezeiza
Born = birth date|1858|2|3
Died = death date and age|1916|10|12|1858|10|12 Córdoba Province,
Genre = payador
Occupation = Musician, Songwriter
Gabino Ezeiza, nicknamed "Black Gabino" (born
February3, 1858 - died October12, 1916), was an Argentine musician. Ezeiza was invincible, the most famous in the art of paya,both in his homeland and in Uruguay. Their counterpoints became famous and recalls sustained in Paysandu with the singer mentado eastern Juan de Nava,the halo surrounding a prestigious streaky conquered in many of those who knew succeed.
Gabino Ezeiza was born on February 3, 1858 in a neighborhood that since the second half of the nineteenth century was the birthplace of payadores, poets and artists. Born in
San Telmo, where researchers estimate that as payador debuted at age 14 in the pulpería Pancho Moon.
There are beings who seem to be born to give pábulo to the legend, to feed the inextinguishable flame on the Myth. There plows people who seem to give fuel to the legend, to feed the unquenchable flame of Myth. Gabino Ezeiza, the famous black payador, was one of them. Gabino Ezeiza, the famous black payador, was one of them. While still alive its figure had already acquired legendary profiles, that the time passed from their disappearance have been increasing, to the point that only one precise and clear investigation will be able to distinguish, in its biography, the real thing of the imaginary thing. Already in his life had acquired you procase out legendary appears, that the Time elapsed since his disappearance has gone increasing to the point that only to clear and needs inquiry may distinguish, in his biography, real ace ace imaginary.
Gabino Ezeiza was born the 3 from February of 1858 in the district of San Telmo, in Buenos Aires. Gabino Ezeiza was born on February 3, 1858 in the San Telmo neighborhood in Buenos Aires. Little it is known of his home and its family. Little is known of his home and his family. His father had served the Ezeiza family, from there his last name, and descended by his grandfathers of a tube of Juan Manuel de Rosas. His to father had served the family Ezeiza, hence its yam, and his to grandfather fell from to I had of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
According to Hector P. Blomberg “the negrito Gabino never lacked payadas that they were realised frequently in his district. Blomberg " bold Gabino not to ever missing AT Paya being made often in his neighborhood. It listened, affected and engrossed, the song torrents that arose from Creole lips, under the eaves of the colonial patios, on vihuelas tuneful, and felt to awake in its infantile heart the love to all that one”. There am heard, shocked and captivated, torrents of ballads that arose from the lips Creoles, to under the eaves of the colonial courtyards, on the vihuela melodious, and waking up in his heart felt the love child anything. "
Whoever first put to guitar in his hands was to very old Brown, who had to pulpería in the bottom of San Telmo. Pancho was called Moon, and was payador when young, in the times of Rivadavia. It was called Pancho Moon, and was payador when Young, in times Rivadavia. When fulfilling fifteen years bought to Gabino a beautiful Spanish guitar to him. In fulfilling they fifteen years there am bought to Gabino to beautiful Spanish to guitar. He adorned it with celestial and white tapes, one took leave of his mother and her brothers Tomás and Matilde Ezeiza - the father had died in the War of Paraguay, and began his existence of nomadic singer. Celestial On the adorned with ribbons and white, was dismissed from his to mother and his brothers Thomas and Ezeiza-Matilda' s to father had died in the War of Paraguay-and began to their existence ace to singer wandering.
In a town of the Buenosairean south Ruiz knew Mones farmer, protected who it, offered their friendship him she made and it work in two or three offices, among them the one of hatter, but Gabino, finally took leave of that one and Fertile valley went to the fields like Saints. In a village south of Buenos Aires met the Mones farmer Ruiz, who protected, gave him to their friendship and it did work in two or three offices, including that of hatter, but Gabino, AT last, sees dismissed and that there am went to fields ace Holy Fertile valley. The payador had been born and its fame grew by the south and the west of Buenos Aires before turning the twenty years. Payador The was born and his fame grew in the south and west of Buenos Aires before reaching twenty years. One did not forget, however, of his native city to which it returned at the beginning of 1880, finding it in the heat of it fights, in that it took part, to return soon to his office of singer. Do not forget, to however, from his hometown to which there am returned in early 1880, undergoing the fight, which took part, then to return to his job of to singer.
By already then it wrapped in their friendly circle, within the Brown community in Buenos Aires, an dawn of prestige. Browns and colored people form numerous world and aside there by the Eighties. Browns and Brown world plows numerous and apart back in the decade of the eighties. They have its particular associations, they organize colorful comparsas for Christmas and Carnaval, they create own societies of mutual aids, they discuss with vehemence its problems in its newspapers and outside them, and until they think about establishing schools for the education of the color man. They have to their private partnerships, organized picturesque comparsas for Christmas and Carnival, create mutual relief societies themselves, argues vehemently with to their problems in their newspapers and outside them, and to think about establishing schools for the education of men of color. They take, in short, an intense and interesting life of society. They, in short, intensifies and interesting life of society. For that reason the youthful Gabino attends familiar social gatherings frequently, it participates in dances and celebrations, and entertains in the amiable good friendly company and girl part of his hours. Hence, the youth Gabino frequently to attend family gatherings, you dance and parties involved in, and entertained in polite company of friends and girls much of to their hours.
In the revolution of 1880, attended the battle of June 21 with the battalion on February 15 to under the orders of to commander Eliot, and then dwells Vico. Where one behaved gallantly reciting some verses at the time of the fight. Where plows ported some bizarre reciting you turn AT the Time of the fight.
It was in that same year of 1880 when Gabino Ezeiza faced Nemesio Trejo and was that one first of a series of payadas that both maintained throughout the years, until the second, that was notary public and it successfully occurred to write for the theater, left the guitar and the improvisations. It was in that same to year of 1880 when faced with Gabino Ezeiza Nemesio Trejo and that was the first in a series of Paya both argued to over the years until the second, which was notary and was successfully writing for the theatre, and left to guitar improvisations.
For 1882 and several years ago that Ezeiza sings and argues that even Paya of counterpoint and then, surely pushed by necessity, had trocado their conditions singer and his art payador in a gainful occupation, forgetting their dreams of poet and his literary ambitions of adolescence. Su fama se había propagado rápidamente, al punto de considerársele ya uno de los mejores exponentes del arte, y que el solo anuncio de sus actuaciones bastaba para atraer un gentío. His fame had spread rapidly to the point regarded as one of the best exponents of the art, and that the only notice of their performances enough to attract a crowd.
In 1884 one moved to Montevideo and song there for the first time, payando of famous counterpoint with an Eastern one, Juan de Nava. In 1884 I have you move to for Montevideo and singing there the first Time, pay-counterpoint with to famous Eastern Juan de Nava. That same year, in Buenos Aires, payó twice with Nemesio Trejo. That same to year, in Buenos Aires, pay twice with Nemesio Trejo. In the one of them argument who sang it was the death of ill-fated the Benign Lugones (journalist and writer) and the celebration who stops to aid his family had organized themselves, sprinkling his songs with allusive verses to the incidents happened as much in the saber assaults, foil and wood that took place that same night like in own payada there. One argument was that sang the death of the annoys Benign Lugones (journalist and to writer) and the party to help his family had been organized, splashing with to their chants you turn referring to the incidents in both rounds of saber, fleurete and stick out there that evening ace one' s own pay.
Gabino did not occur pause in his trajinar by the towns. Gabino was not slows down in its to trajinar by the people. It began to become that one nomadic payador that only and with a circus - own or other people's it crossed practically all the Republic. Payador Began to become one wandering alone and that with to circus-own or others-toured virtually throughout the republic.
To year 1888 is found again in the eastern capital, where its forces measured in a counterpoint with Arthur Nava, is of John, in the theatre Artigas Montevideo. The concurrence that was joined was enormous and Gabino left victorious the test once again. The turnout was huge that joined and left Gabino eleven again victorious in the test. One has said that night acted before a hostile public, who waited for the triumph of his Nava favorite. It you have been said that performed that night before to hostile audience, there am hoped the victory of to their favorite Nava. Nevertheless, it does not seem certain. However, this does not seem true. And either that Gabino has improvised its famous “Greeting to Paysandú”: Nor there are it Gabino improvised his famous " I greet Paysandú":
:Heroic Paysandú, I salute to you, Heroic Paysandu, I salute you,
:Hermano de la patria en que nací. Brother of the motherland where I was born.
:Your esplendentes facts and your glories Your facts and your esplendentes glories
:They are sung in my mother country like here. It is sung here ace in my homeland.
To ingratiate with the turnout. The function had practically concluded when somebody communicated to him to Ezeiza that in the room was a delegation of sanduceros that had been going to listen to him. The role had virtually ended when someone told him that Ezeiza in the courtroom was to delegation of sanduceros gone who had to list. Then it returned to temper its guitar and it improvised those verses, that tell between happiest of their race and they have survived that it. Then again tuning his to guitar and improvised those you turn, which plows among the happiest of his to career and who have survived.
One to year to after paya with Paul J. Vázquez, who was one of the best exponents of his art then, and the confrontation is repeated in 1890. Vazquez, who was one of the best exponents of his art AT that Time, and confrontation is repeated in 1890. But this year is the one of the famous Revolution of the 26 of July and, according to it seems, Gabino, cattle already by the political passion, took part in that one memorable day. But this to year is the famous Revolution of July 26 and apparently Gabino, won by passion and politics, intervened in that memorable day.
Sometimes it contratábase in the circuses, whose public, as he is to imagine, appreciated his art much. Sometimes contratábase in circuses, whose public, ace is imagined, much appreciated his Art. With them not only it acted in Buenos Aires but also it crossed the rear area. They not only acted in Buenos Aires but also toured the countryside.
In 1891, being situated in the Silver, good luck accompanied him: won to big prize in the lottery and bought with the money collected to circus which there am called " Argentine Pavilion" , which long to go, ace always, roads. With that circus it arrived, the following year, to San Nicholas of Streams, where Vicente Peñaloza knew a biznieta of general Angel, the La Riojan Chaco, Do6na Petrona Peñaloza, with that one fell in love and with who would be to marry a time later. With this circus Comecon the following to year to San Nicholas of Streams, where there am met to biznieta Angel of General Vincent Peñaloza, Chaco Riojan, Mrs. Petrona Peñaloza, who fell in love and with whom there am would marry some Time to later. Before it had to take care of Gabino its obligations of party man. Before there am had to meet to their obligations Gabino man party. From 1890 it followed Alem and had put his musa of payador to the service of his civic ideals. Since 1890 there am still had to Alem and payador his MUSE serving to their civic ideals.
The revolution was in certain disastrous way for him. For The revolution was somewhat disastrous him. They catched it and was a time in the jail and they set free when it was for finding out, with the consequent pain, that had burned him the circus. What was arrested and to Time in prison and when released was to learn, with the consequent pain, which had burned the circus. To begin again! To fresh start! But the singing bird was enamored and the slips little notch did in their deluded soul. But the songbird was in love and setbacks made little dent in his soul forward. One married with his loved Petrona and it formed his nest the zorzal. There am married his beloved zorzal Petrona and formed his the nest.
Meanwhile year 1894 arrives. Meanwhile reaches to year 1894. The is the one of great payada with Pablo J. It is great payada with Paul J. Vázquez in Parchment, one of the capital events, by thus saying, in the biography of the singing black and in the same payadoresca history, where that one joust continues resonating with accents than less legendary little, by the quality of its contenders and its duration, that was of two nights, the 13 and the 14 of October of 1894 in the theater Florida de Pergamino. Vazquez in Parchment, one of the events capital, under to speak, in the biography of black to singer and the same story payadoresca, where that just you continue to resonate with accents almost legendary for the quality of its contestants and to their duration, that was two nights, 13 and October 14, 1894 in the theatre of Florida Parchment. The jury who acted in that opportunity considered that he had to repute itself like winner to Gabino, according to act suscripta the 28 of November of that year. The jury that there am acted AT that Time ruled to sees regarded ace winner Gabino, according to you make a draft signed on 28 November that to year.
Two years to later, in Rauch, Buenos Aires province, was faced with the appropriation of the Pampas, Maximiliano Santillan, who had defied S.A. unique ace daring, if not offensive, to send in a to leather codline Corraleras this quatrain:
:Where this is that black poet Where is black poet
:that as much fame gives him? who give under much fame?
: They say to him that to Santillán Tell that Santillan
: to no black it respects! any black respects!
The joust carried out in pulpería the Indian, on to single subject: How is cut the meat without cutting to leather? , that it gives fulfilled idea of the difficulties that those made an effort singers seted out to win, and in her, spite of the swanking of Santillán, was triumphant Ezeiza. To fair was held in the pulpería the Indian, on to single theme: How the meat is cut without cutting to leather? , Which gives an idea of the difficulties met those hard-working singers proposed overcome, and there, despite Santillan the bravado, was triumphant Ezeiza.
In 1902 it maintained to memoriosa other payada in San Antonio de Areco. In 1902 to another payada memoriosa held in San Antonio de Areco. This time his opponent was Luis Garci'a, to whom could not win. This Time his opponent was Luis Garci'a, who was aable to overcome.
In 1912 successfully intervened in an international tournament payadoresco performed in a to theater in Buenos Aires in which the four first prizes were awarded to Ezeiza, Curl, Vieytes and Caggiano.
Gabino also realised one payada memorable, in the corners of Yerbal and Nazca, next to Martin I castrate, payador of Citadel and author of “the orphan”. Memorable Gabino also made to payada, in the corners of Yerbal and Nazca, along with Martin I castrate, payador of author Citadel and of " The Orphan".
Was Born the Legend
Day 12 died of October of 1916, the day in which must more have yearned for to live, as it said to a newspaper when giving the news to it of his disappearance. There am died on October 12, 1916, the day that dwells should have yearned to live, ace to newspaper said in giving the news of his disappearance. That day, indeed, position was made of the first magistrature of the country the Dr. That day, in effect, took to over the first country' s judiciary Dr. Hipólito Irigoyen, caudillo of the radicalismo and political idol of the great payador. Hipólito Irigoyen, to leader of radicalism and political idol of great payador.
A plate placed in Blue 92, in the district of Flowers, remembers the black Gabino Ezeiza. To plaque you please AT Blue 92, in the neighborhood of Flowers, reminds the black Gabino Ezeiza. There, to the 58 years it died in its humble house, poor man like all the juglares of the town. There, AT the age of 58 died in his humble home, poor ace all the minstrels of the people.
The legend of Gabino awakes each 12 of October, when their followers meet in the tomb of the cemetery of Flowers, to offer tribute to this personage so remembered and loved. The legend of Gabino wakes up every October 12, when his followers to gather AT the tomb of the cemetery flowers to give pays to this to character ace remembered and beloved.
:Buenos Aires of my love, Buenos Aires, my love,
:Oh, a city where I was born!
:You do not throw to the Do forgetfulness not throw me into oblivion
:I, that I have been your singer. I, I have been your to singer.
:Of my guitar from rumor my to guitar rumour
:it gathered in its melodies, gathered in their melodies,
:the memory of other days memories of to other days
:that they never have to return, who have to never returning,
:the old woman songs of yesterday the old songs of yesterday
:that they were the glories mine. that were the glories mines.
*Antook - Gabino Ezeiza, the last payador. Antook - Gabino Ezeiza, the last payador.
*Blomberg, Héctor Pedro - the goodbye of Gabino Ezeiza Blomberg, Hector Pedro - The goodbye Gabino Ezeiza
*Cristoforetti, Marita and Brichetto, Alberto - the payador of Flowers. Cristoforetti, Marita and Brichetto, Alberto - payador The of Flowers.
*Oscar J. Planell Zanone/Oscar A. Planell Zanone/Oscar A. Turone - Patricios de Vuelta de Obligado. Turone - Patricios Returned from Forced.
*Soler Canes, Luis - Gabino Ezeiza, truth and legend. Reeds Soler, Luis - Gabino Ezeiza, truth and legend.
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