- Sioux City, Iowa
official_name = City of Sioux City
motto = Successful Surprising Sioux City
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Counties
subdivision_name2 = Woodbury, Plymouth
leader_name = Mike Hobart
leader_name1 = Paul Eckert
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1854
established_date2 = 1857
area_total_km2 = 144.9
area_total_sq_mi = 56.0
area_land_km2 = 141.9
area_land_sq_mi = 54.8
area_water_km2 = 3.0
area_water_sq_mi = 1.2
area_water_percent = 2.06
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 98,263
population_metro = 143,474
population_density_km2 = 599.0
population_density_sq_mi = 1551.3
timezone = Central
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = Central
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 42 |latm = 29 |lats = 53 |latNS = N
longd = 96 |longm = 23 |longs = 44 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 366
elevation_ft = 1201
website = http://www.sioux-city.org
postal_code = 51101, 51102, 51103, 51104, 51105, 51106, 51108, 51109, 51111
area_code = 712
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 19-73335
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0461653
Sioux City (pronEng|ˌsuːˈsɪti) is a city located in northwest
Iowain the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 90,013. The 2006 census estimate indicated a slight decline to 83,262. [cite web|author=Iowa Data Center|title=Population Estimates and Rankings for Population, Numerical Change, and Percent Change for Iowa's Incorporated Places: 2000-2006|url=http://data.iowadatacenter.org/datatables/PlacesAll/plestpopranking20002006.pdf|accessdate=2007-06-28] Sioux City is the primary city of the four-county Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a population of 143,053 in 2000 and a slight decline to an estimated 142,794 in 2007; however, the population has been increasing again since 2005. [cite web|author=US Census Bureau|title=Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-01.xls] The Sioux City-Vermillion, IA-NE-SD Combined Statistical Area has an estimated population of 156,158 as of 2007. [cite web|author=US Census Bureau|title=Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|url=http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-02.xls] It is the county seatof Woodbury County.GR|6
Sioux City is at the navigational head of the
Missouri River, about convert|90|mi|km|-1 north of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. Sioux City and the surrounding areas of northwestern Iowa, northeastern Nebraskaand southeastern South Dakotaare sometimes referred to as Siouxland, especially by the local media. Sioux City is the second largest city in the Sioux Falls-Sioux City, SD-IA-MN-NE Designated Market Area (DMA),with a population of 1,043,450. [http://www.freedemographics.com/OnGeoSelectTree_Go.srct]
Sioux City is the home of
Morningside College, Briar Cliff University, [http://www.stlukescollege.edu/ St. Luke's College] and [http://www.witcc.com/ Western Iowa Tech Community College] .
The first people to live in this area were ancestors of those we know today as Native Americans. These inhabitants lived here thousands of years before any explorers from Spain or France arrived.
While the name is not known of the first European man to explore the area which is now Sioux City, it is commonly believed to be an early French or Spanish fur trader. The first documented explorers to record their travels through this area were the Americans Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during the summer of 1804. [ [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/ Sioux City History] , accessed March 2008] Their expedition was supported by the federal government. President Thomas Jefferson was eager to hear their report.
Geography and Climate
Sioux City is located at coor dms|42|29|53|N|96|23|45|W|city (42.497957, -96.395705).GR|1 Sioux City is at an altitude of convert|1135|ft|m|1 above sea level.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.0 square miles (144.9 km²), of which, 54.8 square miles (141.9 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.0 km²) of it (2.06%) is water.
As of the 2000
census, the Sioux City metropolitan area had 143,053 residents in four counties; the population was estimated at 143,474 in 2006. [cite web|author=Iowa Data Center|title=Population Estimates and Components of Population Change for Iowa's Metropolitan Areas (2003 Definition): 2000-2006|url=http://data.iowadatacenter.org/datatables/MetroArea/metroestpopcomp20002006.pdf|accessdate=2007-04-06] As defined by the Office of Management and Budget, the counties comprising the metropolitan area are (in descending order of population):
Woodbury County, Iowa
Dakota County, Nebraska
Union County, South Dakota
Dixon County, Nebraska
Two of these counties -- Union and Dixon -- were added to the metro area in 2003. In reality, only Woodbury, Dakota, and Union counties contain any metropolitan character; Dixon County is entirely rural.
Plymouth County is not considered part of metropolitan Sioux City although the extreme north and northwest sides of the city spill over into Plymouth County.
source= [http://www.ustravelweather.com/weather-iowa/sioux-city-weather.asp] Sioux City is located very near to the center of the
North American continent, far removed from any major bodies of water. This lends the area a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers, cold snowy winters, and wide temperature extremes. Summers can bring daytime temperatures that climb into the 90s Fahrenheit, and winter lows can be well below zero.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 85,013 people, 32,054 households, and 21,091 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,551.3 people per square mile (599.0/km²). There were 33,816 housing units at an average density of 617.1/sq mi (238.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.23% White, 2.41% African American, 1.95% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.27% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.89% of the population.
There were 32,054 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,429, and the median income for a family was $45,751. Males had a median income of $31,385 versus $22,470 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $18,666. About 7.9% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Neighborhoods, commercial districts, and suburbs
South Sioux City, Nebraskais directly across the Missouri Riverin Dakota County. With nearly 12,000 residents, it is by far the largest suburb of Sioux City. It was an All America City in 2003. Two bridges—the Veterans Memorial Bridge and the Interstate 129 bridge—connect Sioux City with South Sioux City. Dakota City, Nebraskais just south of South Sioux City. It is the county seat of Dakota County. Large beef-processing plants are located in Dakota City. North Sioux City, South Dakotais just across the Big Sioux Riverin Union County. It is home to a number of casinos. It is also the home to several major industrial concerns, including Iams Pet Food, Interbake Foods, and Gateway, Inc., the computer company. Dakota Dunes, South Dakotais an unincorporated "master-planned community" just west of Sioux City in the extreme southeast corner of South Dakota. Construction began circa 1989. Expensive new homes, suburban-style office parks, and a country club golf coursedesigned by Arnold Palmercharacterize this area.
Sergeant Bluff is a mainly residential
suburbadjacent to the southern city limits of Sioux City, less than a mile east of the Sioux City airport.
Parks, recreation, and locations of interest
Stone State Parkis in the northwest corner of the city, overlooking the South Dakota/Iowa border. Stone Park is near the northernmost extent of the Loess Hills, and is at the transition from clay bluffs and prairie to sedimentary rock hills and bur oakforest along the Iowa side of the Big Sioux River. Popular for decades with picnickers and day hikers, it has been a local hot spot for mountain biking since the late 1980s.
[http://www.woodburyparks.com/NewWeb/Pecaut%20Center/Center.htm Dorothy Pecaut Nature Center] is a destination nature preserve for Woodbury County, and is located within the boundaries of Stone State Park. The butterfly garden is unique to the area;
wild turkeys and white-tail deerare commonly sighted from the well-marked trails.
[http://www.tysoncenter.com Tyson Events Center] is a 10,000-seat arena located in downtown Sioux City.
KD Station, once listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was destroyed by fire in 2006.
[http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=64_0_3_0_M Grandview Park] is located north of the downtown area, up from Rose Hill, between The Northside and The Heights. The [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/images/sites/Grandview4.jpgMunicipal Bandshell] is located in the park. In summer, Sunday evening municipal band concerts are a longstanding Sioux City tradition. The Saturday in the Park music festival is held there annually. Behind the bandshell is an extensive rose garden with an elaborate arbor and trellises which has long been a popular site for outdoor weddings, prom and other special occasion photographs, and for children to play during the Sunday evening band concerts and other events.
Pulaski Park is named for the Polish General
Kazimierz Pułaski, who fought in the American Revolution. This park features baseball diamond facilities, and is located in western Morningside along old U.S. Highway 75 (South Lewis Blvd.). It is largely built on the filled lakebed of Half Moon Lake, which was originally created in the 1890s by the excavation of fill dirt to build the approaches for the iron railroad bridge spanning the Missouri near the Stockyards. The neighborhood on the bluff overlooking the park was historically settled by Lithuanian and Polish immigrants, many of whom worked in the meatpacking industry during the early 20th century.
[http://www.lathampark.com/default.htm Latham Park] is located in an old residential area of Morningside, and is the only privately owned and maintained open-to-the-public park within the city limits. It was left in trust in 1937 under the terms of Clara Latham's will; her family had built the house on one acre of ground in 1915. The house and grounds are currently being restored by the Friends of Latham Park.
Sergeant Floyd Monumentcommemorates the burial site of U.S. Army Sergeant Charles Floyd, the only man to die on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. It is a National Historic Landmark, with its prominent convert|100|ft|m|-1|sing=on obelisk situated on 23 acres of parkland, high on a river bluff with a splendid view of the Missouri Rivervalley.
[http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=48_0_3_0_M First Bride's Grave] is near the Sergeant Floyd monument, and located in Morningside's South Ravine Park. A short hike brings one to the stone monument which marks the final resting place of Rosalie Menard Leonais (d. 1865), the bride of Joseph Leonais in the first Christian wedding to take place in Sioux City.
[http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=56_0_3_0_M War Eagle Park] is named for the
Yankton Siouxchief Wambdi Okicize (d. 1851) who befriended early settlers. An impressive monument overlooks the confluence of the Big Sioux and Missouri Rivers; the sculpture represents the chief in his role as a leader and peacemaker, wearing the eagle feather bonnet and holding the peace pipe.
[http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/artsleisure/more.php?id=16_0_7_0_M Riverside Park] is located on the banks of the Big Sioux River. One of the oldest recreational areas of the city, it is home to the Sioux City Boat Club and Sioux City Community Theater. The park is on land that once belonged to the first white settler in the area,
Theophile Bruguier; his original [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=46_0_3_0_M cabin] is preserved in the park.
Bacon Creek Park is located northeast of Morningside and features fishing, canoe rentals, and a scenic walking trail.
Chris Larsen Park, informally known as "The Riverfront", is the launching point for the riverboat casino and includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, the [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=53_0_3_0_M Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum] and the [http://www.siouxcitylcic.com/ Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center] , opened in 2004. Massive Missouri River development began in 2005 with the opening of the MLR Tyme Marina area, which includes Beverly's, an upscale restaurant.
Golf courses, city parks, and aquatics: Sioux City is also home to several municipal public
golf courses, including Floyd Park in Morningside, Green Valley near the Southern Hills, Sun Valley on the northern West Side, and Hidden Acres in nearby Plymouth County. Sioux City also has a number of private golf clubs, including Sioux City Country Club, Southern Hills Country Club, and Whispering Creek Golf Club. The city has over convert|1132|acre|km2|0 of public parkland located at 53 locations, including the beautiful riverfront and many miles of recreation trails. Five public swimming pools/aquatics centers are located within Sioux City neighborhoods.
The [http://www.siouxcitymuseum.org/index.asp Sioux City Public Museum] is located in a Northside neighborhood of fine Victorian mansions. The portico-and-gabled stone building was originally the home of the banker, [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/sites/more.php?id=51_0_3_0_M John Peirce] , and was built in 1890. The museum features Native American, pioneer, early Sioux City, and natural history exhibits.
Sioux City Art Centerwas formed in 1938 as part of the WPA’s support of the arts. The Art Center is committed to supporting artists from Iowa and the greater Midwest. Also, the Center has a general program of acquisition of work by national and international artists, including important works by Thomas Hart Benton, Salvador Dalí, Käthe Kollwitz, Robert Motherwell, Claes Oldenburg, James McNeil Whistler, and Grant Wood. It is located Downtown.
Sioux City Symphony Orchestraand The Sioux City Municipal Band
Woodbury county courthouse
The [http://www.scctheatre.org/ Sioux City Community Theatre]
The Sioux City Lewis And Clark Interpretive Centeris about the Lewis and Clark Expedition in what is now Sioux City.
K-LOVE, 88.9, Plays commercial free contemporary Christian music. Also can be picked up on 107.5 out of Castana, Iowa.
* KMSC, 88.3, operated by
KWIT, 90.3, public radio, operated by [http://www.witcc.com/ Western Iowa Tech Community College]
KGLI, 95.5, "KG95" -- adult contemporary; previously played top 40; signed on in 1983
KSEZ, 97.9, "Z98" -- plays rock music (classic and new rock); previously top 40station "Rock 98" in the 1980s
KKMA, 99.5, "Kool 99.5" -- plays Classic Hits; formerly adult contemporary"Magic 99"; call letters were KZZL in the early 1980s as an easy listeningformat Home of Iowa State Cyclones athletics
* [http://www.y1013.net/ KKYY] , 101.3, "Y101.3" --
country music; the newest FM signal in the market
KZSR, 102.3, "102.3-JackFM" (formerly "102.3 Bob-FM") -- a " adult hits" station; signed on as Bob-FM on March 13, 2006
KTFC, 103.3, Religious radio station ("Midwest Bible Radio")
* WNAX, 104.1, country; broadcasts from
Yankton, South Dakota; low-power translator K283AG broadcasts at 104.5 FM in Sioux City, but both frequencies are audible in Sioux City. Previously oldies/classic hits KCLH; was top 40KQHU "Q104" in 1990.
KSUX, 105.7, "The SuperPig, K-Sioux 105.7"; has played country musicsince the signal went on-air in the fall of 1990; reportedly the station's first owners named the station after the airport abbreviation (SUX) and did not recognize the latent humor in the KSUX calls until it was too late.
KSFT-FM, 107.1, "Kiss 107FM" -- top 40station as of March 13, 2006; previously played adult contemporary; signed on in the mid-1990s.
* [http://www.wnax.com/ WNAX] , 570,
talk radioand farmnews from Yankton, South Dakota; massive signal covering much of the upper Midwest
KMNS, 620, sports talk radio; for a long time, was "62 Country"
* [http://www.kscj.com/ KSCJ] , 1360,
talk radio; call letters derive from the Sioux City "Journal", which once owned the station
* [http://siouxcitysp.lapreciosa.com/main.html/ KWSL] , 1470,
spanish language music; previously sports talk; was a top 40station into at least the 1980s.
* Sioux City "Journal", daily newspaper serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the South Dakota border
* [http://www.dakotacountystar.net/ Dakota County "Star"] , weekly newspaper serving northeast Nebraska
* Sioux City "Hispanos Unidos", bi-weekly Spanish readers paper
* [http://www.siouxland.net/ "The Weekender"] , weekly arts and entertainment magazine serving the Sioux City metro area east into Western Iowa and north to the South Dakota border
John W. Aldridge, grew up in Tennessee, literary critic, author in 1951 of "After the Lost Generation: A Critical Study of the Writers of Two Wars"
Dave Bancroft, Major League Baseball Hall of Fameshortstop. Nicknamed "Beauty."
* [http://benbernsteinmusic.com Ben Bernstein] , noted jazz, bluegrass and rock bassist, including as a member of
* [http://www.classicwebs.com/blackoak.htm Johnny Bolin] , moved to Boulder, Colo., in his teens; rock drummer for
Black Oak Arkansasand brother of Tommy Bolin. Is now living in Sioux City as of 2008.
Tommy Bolin, Moved to Boulder, Colo., in his teens, virtuoso rock guitarist, a member of Deep Purpleand The James Gang, and who also had a solo career.
*Brandon Brooks, Leading professor in Quantum Mechanical Phenomena, coined the phrase "Qubits" in article for SIAM Journal on Computing.
Mildred Brown, African-American journalist, lived here while working as a teacher, before moving to Omaha and founding the "Omaha Star" with her husband E. Gilbert
Macdonald Carey, actor. The longtime patriarch on " Days of Our Lives".
* [http://www.ericcarter.org Eric Carter] , member of
Kansas House of Representatives.
Matt Chatham, Born in Newton, Iowa, New York Jetslinebacker.
George E. "Bud" DayU.S. Air Force, Vietnam POW, recipient of the Medal of Honoris the United States' most highly decorated officer since General Douglas MacArthur. The Sioux City Airport is named Colonel Bud Day Field in his honor as is 6th Street (Honorable Bud Day Street).
W. Edwards Deming, 1900–1993, Raised in Polk City, Iowa, American statistician and quality-control expert - Deming helped to improve Japan's quality control and management processes.
Sharon Farrell, prolific film and television actress (real name Sharon Forsmoe).
Zeron Flemister, NFL player, Oakland Raiders.
*Esther and Paulline Friedman, better known as
Ann Landersand Abigail Van Buren. Graduates of Central High School.
Peggy Gilbert, jazz saxophonist and bandleader.
Dan Goldie, former tennis player, winner of 2 ATP singles titles
Fred Grandy, Graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, and Harvard University, actor, congressman, former CEO of Goodwill; currently morning drive-time color jock for WMAL Radio, Washington, D.C.
Dick Green, Raised in Rapid City, S.D., Former MLB second baseman with the Kansas City and Oakland Athletics.
William L. Harding, Born in Sibly, Iowa, Governor of Iowa (1919-1921).
Jules Harlow, conservative Jewish rabbi and liturgist.
* [http://www.scotthesse.org Scott Hesse] , noted jazz guitar player and bandleader.
Kirk Hinrich, Chicago Bulls guard.
Harry Hopkins, Secretary of Commerce, Moved to Council Bluffs shortly after birth, advisor to FDR during World War II.
George Koval, 1913-2006, Moved to Soviet Union at age 18, Soviet atomic spy "Delmar" and only Soviet Agent to infiltrate the Manhattan Project [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/12/us/12koval.html?hp]
Robert Lowry, Classical clarinetist.
Al McIntosh, Born in Park River, N.D., distinguished newspaper editor whose columns are featured in Ken Burns' "The War".
Jerry Mathers, Moved to California as a child, Beaver Cleaver on TV's " Leave It To Beaver".
Daniel ("Danny") Matousek, lead singer and guitarist for The Velaires. Graduate of Central High School.
John Melcher, United States Senator from Montana from 1977 to 1989
Lori Petty, Born in Chattanooga, Tenn. Actress best known for her starring role opposite Geena Davis and Tom Hanks on "A League of Their Own".
Frances Rafferty, Moved to Los Angeles, Calif., when she was nine, MGM actress of the 1940s & early TV star best known for playing opposite Spring Byingtonon the sitcom " December Bride".
Edward J. Sperling, Born in Slutzk, Belarus, Jewish writer and humorist.
Morgan Taylor, Set 400-meter hurdles Olympic record while winning gold medal in 1924.
Ted Waittand Norman Waitt, co-founders of Gateway, Inc.
Brian Wansink-- Cornell University Professor and author of ""
Pierre Watkin, talented and prolific character actor in radio, films and TV from 1930s-1950s, most famously portrayed Daily Planet Editor Perry Whitein the original Supermanserials and the Banker in the 1940 W.C. Fields film, "The Bank Dick."
Sioux City is the sister city of
Lake Charles, Louisiana. [ [http://www.poorpony.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=813&Itemid=88889894 Poor Pony - Once Upon A Time: A Krewe Story] ]
* [http://www.siouxcityhistory.org/ Sioux City History]
* [http://freepages.books.rootsweb.com/~cooverfamily/siouxcity/sioux_1.htm Sioux City 1848-1923]
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/topic/historical/woodbury_1/woodbury_7.htm Sioux City and Woodbury County 1890] (fascinating natural and early civic history, including interviews with original settlers)
* [http://www.sioux-city.org/ City of Sioux City]
* [http://www.sioux-city.org/life.asp Attractions and Recreation]
* [http://www.siouxcitymuseum.org/public_museum.asp Sioux City Public Museum]
* [http://www.siouxcityartcenter.org/ Sioux City Art Center]
* [http://www.siouxcityjournal.com/ Sioux City "Journal"] "(local newspaper)"
* [http://www.saturdayinthepark.com/ Saturday in the Park] "(annual music festival)"
* [http://www.siouxland.net/ Siouxland.net] "(local arts and entertainment paper)"
* [http://www.marytreglia.org/ Mary Treglia Community Center]
* [http://siouxland.net/index.cfm?cat=57&subcatid=58&artid=274 History of the Stockyards]
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