A macellum (plural: "macella") is an ancient Roman indoor market building that sold mostly provisions (especially fruits and vegetables). The building normally sat alongside the forum and basilica, providing a place in which a market could be held. Each macellum sells very different produce, depending on the local produce, but it was not uncommon to import goods, especially at ports like Pompeii.

Physical Features

A macellum is a fairly easy building to identify from its design. The characteristics of a macellum are of a ring of shops around a courtyard which contains a central tholos. This is a round structure, usually built upon a couple of steps (a podium), with a ring of columns supporting a domed roof. A macellum is usually square in shape. The central courtyard of the macellum is surrounded by tabernae, shops, all of the same size. It was also possible to extend the macellum upwards to include upper stories. Entrance to the macellum was either through central gates on each of the four sides or through some of the tabernae themselves. It appears that the tabernae set aside for butchers were together in one area of the macellum where they were provided with marble counters, presumably to keep the meat cooler, and drains for the removal of water and fluid waste. It has been suggested that the central tholos, also well provided with water and drains, was where fish was sold (due to excavated fish skeletons), although other uses for the central tholos havebeen suggested, such as the place where official weights and measures were held for reference or as shrines to the gods of the market place (due to excavated coins). Some macella had a water fountain or water feature in the centre of their courtyard instead of a tholos structure. It is the presence of this central water feature which seems to denote a building a macellum.

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  • Macellum — (lateinisch) war in der römischen Antike die Bezeichnung für eine Markthalle. Macellum ist wohl die latinisierte Form des griechischen Wortes für Markt (mákellos). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung und Geschichte 2 Baustil 3 Macella in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macellum — (M. Liviae), Marktplatz in Rom, in der Nähe des Esquilinischen Thores u. der Gärten des Mäcenas, wo Fleisch, Fische u. Gemüse in Hallen u. Buden feil g halten wurde. Daher Macellarius, Händler mit Lebensmitteln …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • macellum — index market (business) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Macellum — Un macellum est un marché à l époque romaine. Il se présentait sous la forme d un espace clos avec une entrée unique, et comportait un certain nombre d emplacements, avec des étals en pierre pour présenter les marchandises. Son existence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macellum — Ma|cel|lum [...ts...] das; s, <aus lat. macellum »Fleisch , Fisch u. Gemüsemarkt«> Lebensmittelmarkt in den Städten des Röm. Reiches, auf dem vor allem Fisch, Fleisch u. fertige Gerichte angeboten wurden u. Köche gemietet werden… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Macellum — Macẹllum   [lateinisch] das, s/, der Lebensmittelmarkt in den Städten des Römischen Reiches, auf dem besonders Fleisch und Fisch, aber auch fertige Gerichte angeboten wurden und Köche gemietet werden konnten; oft ausgestaltet als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • macellum — ma·cel·lum …   English syllables

  • macellum — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Macellum von Pompeji — Das Macellum von Pompeji befand sich am Forum und war als Lebensmittel Markthalle (Macellum) der antiken Stadt ein zentraler Ort Pompejis. Das Gebäude wurde in mehreren Bauphasen errichtet. Beim Erdbeben 62 n. Chr, das Pompeji in weiten Teilen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macellum Liviae — NOTOC Macellum Liviae ( market of Livia ) was a shopping complex built by Augustus in the name of his wife Livia built on the Esquiline Hill in Rome.Literary evidenceProbably to be identified with τὸ τεμένισμα τὸ Λίουιον ὠνομασμένον, which… …   Wikipedia

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