De Medicina

De Medicina

De Medicina is a 1st-century medical treatise by Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a Roman encyclopedist and possibly (but not likely) a practicing physician.[1][2][3] It is the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia; only small parts still survive from sections on agriculture, military science, oratory, jurisprudence and philosophy. De Medicina draws upon knowledge from ancient Greek works, and is considered the best surviving treatise on Alexandrian medicine. This work covers the topics of diet, disease, pharmacology, therapy and surgery. Sections detail the removal of missile weapons, stopping bleeding, preventing inflammation, diagnosis of internal maladies, removal of kidney stones, the amputation of limbs and so forth.[4][5]

The original work was published some time before 47 CE, and it consisted of eight books of highly regarded latin text. The subject matter is divided as follows:[2]

De Medicina was known during the Middle Ages, but was later lost up until the 15th century.[3] It was the first medical book to be printed, in Florence, 1478.[6]


  1. ^ Thayer, Bill (2005-03-19). "Introduction, Celsus, On Medicine". Penelope.*.html. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  2. ^ a b Simmons, John Galbraith (2002). Doctors and Discoveries: Lives that Created. Houghton Mifflin Reference Books. ISBN 0618152768. 
  3. ^ a b Prioreschi, Plinio (1996). A History of Medicine. Horatius Press. ISBN 1888456035. 
  4. ^ Southern, Pat (2007). The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0195328787. 
  5. ^ Teuffel, Wilhelm Sigismund; von Schwabe, Ludwig; Warr, George Charles Winter (1892). Teuffel's History of Roman Literature. G. Bell & sons. 
  6. ^ Langslow, D. R. (2000). Medical Latin in the Roman Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198152795.