Environment (biophysical)


Environment (biophysical)

The biophysical environment is the symbiosis between the physical environment and the biological life forms within the environment, and include all variables that comprise the Earth's biosphere. In other contexts environment may also be used to refer to the immediate external surroundings, to a milieu or to the environs within a system or topic, for instance computer science. The biophysical environment can be divided into two categories: the natural environment and the built environment, with some overlap between the two. Following the industrial revolution, the built environment has become an increasingly significant part of the Earth's environment.

Constituents

The scope of the biophysical environment is all that contained in the biosphere, which is that part of the Earth in which all life occurs. Ecosystems, of which there are numerous types and are a defined part of the biosphere, collectively make up the whole of the biosphere. Within an ecosystem there are habitats in which an organism (including humans) exists. At its most natural, an environment would lack any effects of human activity, although the scale of this activity is such that all areas of the Earth have had at least some influence by humans. At the other end of the scale is the built environment and in some cases it has the biotic component that is virtually absent.

The biophysical environment can vary in scale from microscopic to global in extent. They can also be subdivided according to their attributes. Some examples may be the Marine environment, the atmospheric environment and the terrestrial environment. [cite book
last = Kemp
first = David
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Environment Dictionary
publisher = Routledge
date = 1998
location = London, UK
pages =
url =
doi =
id =
isbn =
]

Environmental science

Environmental science is the study of the interactions within the biophysical environment. Part of this scientific discipline is the investigation of the effect of human activity on the environment. Ecology, a sub-discipline of biology and a part of environmental sciences, is often mistaken as a study of human induced effects on the environment. Environmental studies is a broader academic discipline that is the systematic study of interaction of humans with their environment. It is a broad field of study that includes the natural environment, built environments and social environments.

Environmentalism is a broad social and philosophical movement that, in a large part, seeks to minimise or eliminate the effect of human activity on the biophysical environment. The issues of concern for environmentalists usually relate to the natural environment with the more important ones being climate change, species extinction, pollution and old growth forest loss.

ee also

*List of environmental issues
*Lists of environmental topics
*Conservation
*List of conservation topics

References

Bibliography

*cite book
last =Miller
first = G. Tyler
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Environmental science
publisher = Wadsworth
date = 1995
location = California
pages =
url =
doi =
id =
isbn = 0-534-21588-2


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Environment — may refer to: * Natural environment, all living and non living things that occur naturally on Earth * Built environment, constructed surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging from the large scale civic surroundings to the… …   Wikipedia

  • biophysical — /baɪoʊˈfɪzɪkəl/ (say buyoh fizikuhl) adjective 1. of or relating to the physical environment which includes the living organisms which inhabit it. 2. of or relating to biophysics …   Australian English dictionary

  • Natural environment — This article is about the environment. For other uses, see Environment (disambiguation). See also: Nature Land management policies have been developed to preserve the natural characteristics of Hopetoun Falls, Australia while allowing ample… …   Wikipedia

  • Ecology — For other uses, see Ecology (disambiguation). Ecology …   Wikipedia

  • Earth Liberation Front — The Earth Liberation Front (ELF), also known as Elves or The Elves ,Best, Steven and Best Nocella. Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of the Earth , Lantern Books, 2006, p.50.] is the collective name for anonymous and individuals or cells… …   Wikipedia

  • Environmental education — ( EE ) refers to organized efforts to teach about how natural environments function and, particularly, how human beings can manage their behavior and ecosystems in order to live sustainably. The term is often used to imply education within the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ogunpa River — The Ogunpa River river system is a third order stream with a channel length of 21.5  ;km and area 73.3 km2 draining the densely populated eastern part of Ibadan Nigeria . The city of Ibadan in south western Nigeria (7º23’ N, 3º5’ E) is the… …   Wikipedia

  • biophysics — biophysical /buy oh fiz i keuhl/, adj. biophysically, adv. biophysicist /buy oh fiz euh sist/, n. /buy oh fiz iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of biology that applies the methods of physics to the study of biological structures and… …   Universalium

  • Resource Management Act 1991 — Infobox NZ Legislation short title= Resource Management Act 1991 long title=An Act to restate and reform the law relating to the use of land, air, and water. introduced by=Simon Upton date passed=22 July 1991 royal assent= 22 July 1991… …   Wikipedia

  • Commodification of nature — The commodification of nature is an area of research within critical environmental studies concerned with the ways in which natural entities and processes are made exchangeable through the market, and the implications thereof. Drawing upon the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.